Azure 中虚拟机的大小Sizes for virtual machines in Azure

本文介绍可用于运行应用和工作负载的 Azure 虚拟机的可用大小与选项。This article describes the available sizes and options for the Azure virtual machines you can use to run your apps and workloads. 此外,还提供在计划使用这些资源时要考虑的部署注意事项。It also provides deployment considerations to be aware of when you're planning to use these resources.

类型Type 大小Sizes 说明Description
常规用途General purpose B、Dsv3、Dv3、DSv2、Dv2、Av2、Dv4、Dsv4、Ddv4、Ddsv4B, Dsv3, Dv3, DSv2, Dv2, Av2, Dv4, Dsv4 Ddv4, Ddsv4 CPU 与内存之比平衡。Balanced CPU-to-memory ratio. 适用于测试和开发、小到中型数据库和低到中等流量 Web 服务器。Ideal for testing and development, small to medium databases, and low to medium traffic web servers.
计算优化Compute optimized F、Fs、Fsv2F, Fs, Fsv2 高 CPU 与内存之比。High CPU-to-memory ratio. 适用于中等流量的 Web 服务器、网络设备、批处理和应用程序服务器。Good for medium traffic web servers, network appliances, batch processes, and application servers.
内存优化Memory optimized Esv3、Ev3、Ev4、Esv4、Edv4、Edsv4、M、DSv2、Dv2Esv3, Ev3, Ev4, Esv4, Edv4, Edsv4, M, DSv2, Dv2 高内存与 CPU 之比。High memory-to-CPU ratio. 适用于关系数据库服务器、中到大型规模的缓存和内存中分析。Great for relational database servers, medium to large caches, and in-memory analytics.


有关使用 REST API 来查询 VM 大小的信息,请参阅以下文章:For information on using the REST API to query for VM sizes, see the following:


了解有关 Azure 计算单元 (ACU) 如何帮助跨 Azure SKU 比较计算性能的详细信息。Learn more about how Azure compute units (ACU) can help you compare compute performance across Azure SKUs.

基准评分Benchmark scores

使用 CoreMark 基准测试分数,详细了解 Linux VM 的计算性能。Learn more about compute performance for Linux VMs using the CoreMark benchmark scores.

使用 SPECInt 基准测试分数,详细了解 Windows VM 的计算性能。Learn more about compute performance for Windows VMs using the SPECInt benchmark scores.

后续步骤Next steps

了解关于可用的各种 VM 大小的详细信息:Learn more about the different VM sizes that are available: