使用 Azure CLI 创建应用服务应用并将代码部署到过渡环境Create an App Service app and deploy code to a staging environment using Azure CLI

此示例脚本使用名为“过渡”的附加部署槽位在应用服务中创建应用,并将示例应用部署到“过渡”槽。This sample script creates an app in App Service with an additional deployment slot called "staging", and then deploys a sample app to the "staging" slot.

如果没有 Azure 订阅,可在开始前创建一个试用帐户If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a trial account before you begin.

如果选择在本地安装并使用 CLI,则需使用 Azure CLI 2.0 或更高版本。If you choose to install and use the CLI locally, you need Azure CLI version 2.0 or later. 若要查找版本,请运行 az --versionTo find the version, run az --version. 如需进行安装或升级,请参阅安装 Azure CLIIf you need to install or upgrade, see Install the Azure CLI.

示例脚本Sample script

#!/bin/bash

# Replace the following URL with a public GitHub repo URL
gitrepo=https://github.com/Azure-Samples/php-docs-hello-world
webappname=mywebapp$RANDOM

# Create a resource group.
az group create --location chinanorth --name myResourceGroup

# Create an App Service plan in STANDARD tier (minimum required by deployment slots).
az appservice plan create --name $webappname --resource-group myResourceGroup --sku S1

# Create a web app.
az webapp create --name $webappname --resource-group myResourceGroup \
--plan $webappname

#Create a deployment slot with the name "staging".
az webapp deployment slot create --name $webappname --resource-group myResourceGroup \
--slot staging

# Deploy sample code to "staging" slot from GitHub.
az webapp deployment source config --name $webappname --resource-group myResourceGroup \
--slot staging --repo-url $gitrepo --branch master --manual-integration

# Copy the result of the following command into a browser to see the staging slot.
echo http://$webappname-staging.chinacloudsites.cn

# Swap the verified/warmed up staging slot into production.
az webapp deployment slot swap --name $webappname --resource-group myResourceGroup \
--slot staging

# Copy the result of the following command into a browser to see the web app in the production slot.
echo http://$webappname.chinacloudsites.cn

清理部署Clean up deployment

运行示例脚本后,可以使用以下命令删除资源组以及与其关联的所有资源。After the sample script has been run, the following command can be used to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it.

az group delete --name myResourceGroup

脚本说明Script explanation

此脚本使用以下命令。This script uses the following commands. 表中的每条命令均链接到特定于命令的文档。Each command in the table links to command specific documentation.

命令Command 注释Notes
az group create 创建用于存储所有资源的资源组。Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
az appservice plan create 创建应用服务计划。Creates an App Service plan.
az webapp create 创建应用服务应用。Creates an App Service app.
az webapp deployment slot create 创建部署槽。Create a deployment slot.
az webapp deployment source config 将应用服务应用与 Git 或 Mercurial 存储库相关联。Associates an App Service app with a Git or Mercurial repository.
az webapp deployment slot swap 将指定的部署槽交换到生产环境。Swap a specified deployment slot into production.

后续步骤Next steps

有关 Azure CLI 的详细信息,请参阅 Azure CLI 文档For more information on the Azure CLI, see Azure CLI documentation.

可以在 Azure 应用服务文档中找到其他应用服务 CLI 脚本示例。Additional App Service CLI script samples can be found in the Azure App Service documentation.