使用 Azure CLI 通过 Web 服务器日志监视应用服务应用Monitor an App Service app with web server logs using Azure CLI

此示例脚本将创建资源组、应用服务计划和应用,并配置应用以启用 Web 服务器日志。This sample script creates a resource group, App Service plan, and app, and configures the app to enable web server logs. 然后,它下载日志文件以供查看。It then downloads the log files for review.

如果没有 Azure 订阅,可在开始前创建一个试用帐户If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a trial account before you begin.

如果选择在本地安装并使用 CLI,则需使用 Azure CLI 2.0 或更高版本。If you choose to install and use the CLI locally, you need Azure CLI version 2.0 or later. 若要查找版本,请运行 az --versionTo find the version, run az --version. 如需进行安装或升级,请参阅安装 Azure CLIIf you need to install or upgrade, see Install the Azure CLI.

示例脚本Sample script

#/bin/bash

# Variables
appName="AppServiceMonitor$random"
location="ChinaNorth"

# Create a Resource Group
az group create --name myResourceGroup --location $location

# Create an App Service Plan
az appservice plan create --name AppServiceMonitorPlan --resource-group myResourceGroup --location $location

# Create a Web App and save the URL
url=$(az webapp create --name $appName --plan AppServiceMonitorPlan --resource-group myResourceGroup --query defaultHostName | sed -e 's/^"//' -e 's/"$//')

# Enable all logging options for the Web App
az webapp log config --name $appName --resource-group myResourceGroup --application-logging true --detailed-error-messages true --failed-request-tracing true --web-server-logging filesystem

# Create a Web Server Log
curl -s -L $url/404

# Download the log files for review
az webapp log download --name $webappname --resource-group myResourceGroup

清理部署Clean up deployment

运行示例脚本后,可以使用以下命令删除资源组以及与其关联的所有资源。After the sample script has been run, the following command can be used to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it.

az group delete --name myResourceGroup

脚本说明Script explanation

此脚本使用以下命令创建资源组、应用服务应用和所有相关资源。This script uses the following commands to create a resource group, App Service app, and all related resources. 表中的每条命令均链接到特定于命令的文档。Each command in the table links to command specific documentation.

命令Command 注释Notes
az group create 创建用于存储所有资源的资源组。Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
az appservice plan create 创建应用服务计划。Creates an App Service plan.
az webapp create 创建应用服务应用。Creates an App Service app.
az webapp log config 配置应用服务应用将持久保留的日志。Configures which logs an App Service app persists.
az webapp log download 将应用服务应用的日志下载到本地计算机。Downloads the logs of an App Service app to your local machine.

后续步骤Next steps

有关 Azure CLI 的详细信息,请参阅 Azure CLI 文档For more information on the Azure CLI, see Azure CLI documentation.

可以在 Azure 应用服务文档中找到其他应用服务 CLI 脚本示例。Additional App Service CLI script samples can be found in the Azure App Service documentation.