查看更新评估View update assessments

在更新管理中,可以查看有关计算机、缺少的更新、更新部署和计划的更新部署的信息。In Update Management, you can view information about your machines, missing updates, update deployments, and scheduled update deployments.

登录到 Azure 门户Sign in to the Azure portal

登录到 Azure 门户Sign in to the Azure portal

查看更新评估View update assessment

在更新管理中,可以查看有关计算机、缺少的更新、更新部署和计划的更新部署的信息。In Update Management, you can view information about your machines, missing updates, update deployments, and scheduled update deployments.

更新管理默认视图 Update Management default view

若要查看更新评估,请执行以下步骤:To view an update assessment, perform the following.

  1. 在 Azure 门户中,导航到“自动化帐户”,并从列表中选择启用了更新管理的自动化帐户。In the Azure portal, navigate to Automation accounts and select your Automation account with Update Management enabled from the list.

  2. 在自动化帐户中,从左侧窗格选择“更新管理”。In your Automation account, select Update management from the left-hand pane.

  3. “更新管理”页上会列出你的环境所具有的更新。The updates for your environment are listed on the Update management page. 如果发现缺少任何更新,则会在“缺少的更新”选项卡上显示缺少的更新列表。If any updates are identified as missing, a list of them is shown on the Missing updates tab.

    在“合规性”列中,可以看到计算机的最后评估时间。Under the COMPLIANCE column, you can see the last time the machine was assessed. 在“更新代理就绪情况”列中,可以看到更新代理的运行状况。Under the UPDATE AGENT READINESS column, you can see the health of the update agent. 如果有问题,请选择相应链接,转到可帮助你解决问题的疑难解答文档。If there's an issue, select the link to go to troubleshooting documentation that can help you correct the problem.

  4. 在“信息链接”下,选择更新的链接以打开支持文章,获取有关更新的重要信息。Under Information link, select the link for an update to open the support article that gives you important information about the update.

    查看更新状态 View update status

  5. 单击更新的其他位置,打开“日志搜索”窗格。Click anywhere else on the update to open the Log Search pane. 日志搜索的查询是为该特定更新预定义的。The query for the log search is predefined for that specific update. 可以修改此查询或创建自己的查询,以查看详细信息。You can modify this query or create your own query to view detailed information.

    查看日志查询结果 View log query results

查看缺少的更新View missing updates

选择“缺少的更新”可查看计算机中缺少的更新列表。Select Missing updates to view the list of updates that are missing from your machines. 每个更新都会列出,并且可供选择。Each update is listed and can be selected. 有关需要更新的计算机数的信息、操作系统详细信息,以及指向更多信息的链接都会显示。Information about the number of machines that require the update, operating system details, and a link for more information are all shown. “日志搜索”窗格还会显示有关更新的更多详细信息。The Log Search pane also shows more details about the updates.

缺少更新

使用更新分类Work with update classifications

下表列出了更新管理中支持的更新分类,以及每个分类的定义。The following tables list the supported update classifications in Update Management, with a definition for each classification.

WindowsWindows

分类Classification 说明Description
关键更新Critical updates 解决关键、非安全相关错误的特定问题的更新。Updates for specific problems that address critical, non-security-related bugs.
安全更新Security updates 产品特定、安全相关问题的更新。Updates for product-specific, security-related issues.
更新汇总Update rollups 一起打包以便于部署的一组修补程序。Sets of hotfixes that are packaged together for easy deployment.
功能包Feature packs 在产品版本以外发布的新产品功能。New product features that are distributed outside a product release.
服务包Service packs 应用于应用程序的一组修补程序。Sets of hotfixes that are applied to an application.
定义更新Definition updates 对病毒或其他定义文件的更新。Updates to virus or other definition files.
工具Tools 可帮助完成一个或多个任务的实用工具或功能。Utilities or features that help complete one or more tasks.
更新Updates 对当前安装的应用程序或文件的更新。Updates to applications or files that are installed currently.

LinuxLinux

分类Classification 说明Description
关键和安全更新Critical and security updates 特定问题或产品特定、安全相关问题的更新。Updates for a specific problem or a product-specific, security-related issue.
其他更新Other updates 本质上不是关键更新或不是安全更新的所有其他更新。All other updates that aren't critical in nature or that aren't security updates.

对于 Linux,更新管理可以区分云中的关键更新和安全更新,同时显示评估数据。For Linux, Update Management can distinguish between critical updates and security updates in the cloud while displaying assessment data. (由于云中的数据扩充,可能会出现这种情况。)为了进行修补,更新管理依赖于计算机上提供的分类数据。(This granularity is possible because of data enrichment in the cloud.) For patching, Update Management relies on classification data available on the machine. 与其他发行版不同,CentOS 在产品的 RTM 版本中未提供此信息。Unlike other distributions, CentOS doesn't have this information available in the RTM versions of the product. 如果已将 CentOS 计算机配置为返回以下命令的安全数据,则更新管理可以基于分类进行修补:If you have CentOS machines configured to return security data for the following command, Update Management can patch based on classifications:

sudo yum -q --security check-update

当前没有受支持的方法可用来在 CentOS 上提供原生分类数据。There's currently no supported method to enable native classification-data availability on CentOS. 目前,只能尽力为自己实现了此功能的客户提供支持。At this time, only best-effort support is provided to customers who have enabled this functionality on their own.

后续步骤Next steps

此过程中的下一阶段是 将更新部署到非合规计算机并查看部署结果The next phase in the process is to deploy updates to non-compliant machines and review deployment results.