Azure 网络监视器(预览版)Azure Monitor for Networks (Preview)

Azure 网络监视器为已部署的所有网络资源提供运行状况和指标的全面视图,并且无需任何配置。Azure Monitor for Network provides a comprehensive view of health and metrics for all deployed network resource without any configuration. 高级搜索功能可帮助标识资源依赖项,以启用相关方案,例如通过直接搜索托管网站名称来标识托管网站的资源。The advanced search capability helps identify resource dependencies, enabling scenarios such as identifying resources that are hosting your website by simply searching for hosted website name.

Azure 网络监视器的“概览”页面提供了一种轻松的方法来可视化网络资源的清单以及资源运行状况和警报。The Azure Monitor for Networks Overview page provides an effortless way to visualize the inventory of your networking resources along with resource health and alerts. 它分为四个主要功能区域:It is divided into four key functional areas:

  • 搜索和筛选Search and filtering
  • 资源运行状况和指标Resource Health and Metrics
  • 警报Alerts
  • “依赖项”视图Dependency view

概述页

搜索和筛选Search and filtering

可以使用“订阅”、“资源组”和“资源类型”等筛选器来自定义资源运行状况和警报视图 。The resource health and alerts view can be customized using filters like Subscription, Resource Group and Resource Type. 搜索框提供搜索资源属性的功能。The search box provides the capability to search through resource properties.

搜索框可用于搜索资源和关联资源。The search box can be used to search for resources and associated resources. 例如,公共 IP 与应用程序网关相关联。For example, a Public IP is associated to an Application Gateway. 搜索公共 IP DNS 名称将同时标识公共 IP 和关联的应用程序网关。Searching for the Public IPs DNS name will identify both Public IP and the associated Application Gateway.

搜索

资源运行状况和指标Resource Health and Metric

每个磁贴代表一种资源类型,其中显示了所选全部订阅中部署的实例数以及资源运行状况状态。Each tile represents a resource type, with the number of instances deployed across all subscriptions selected along with resource health status. 在下面的示例中,部署了 105 个 ER 和 VPN 连接,103 个正常,2 个不可用。In the example below, there are 105 ER and VPN Connections deployed, 103 are healthy, and 2 unavailable.

资源运行状况

单击这两个不可用的 ER 和 VPN 连接,将启动指标视图。Clicking on the two Unavailable ER and VPN connections, launches a metric view.

指标视图

你可以单击网格视图中的每个元素。You can click on each element in the grid view. 单击“运行状况”图标可重定向到该连接的资源运行状况。Click on the Health icon to redirect to resource health for that connection. 单击“警报”可分别重定向到该连接的“警报和指标”页面。Click on Alerts to redirect to alerts and metrics page respectively for that connection.

警报Alerts

右侧的“警报”网格提供所有订阅中选定资源生成的所有警报的视图。The Alerts grid on the right provides a view of all the alerts generated for the selected resources across all subscriptions. 单击警报计数可导航到详细的警报页面。Click on the alert counts to navigate to detailed alerts page.

“依赖项”视图Dependency view

“依赖项”视图有助于可视化资源的配置方式。The Dependency view helps visualize how the resource is configured. 当前仅应用程序网关支持“依赖项”视图。Currently dependency view is only supported for Application Gateway. 可以通过单击“指标”网格视图中的应用程序网关资源名称来访问“依赖项”视图。Dependency view can be accessed by clicking on the Application Gateway resource name from the metrics grid view.

“应用程序网关”视图

应用程序网关的“依赖项”视图提供了前端 IP 如何连接到侦听器、规则和后端池的简化视图。The Dependency view for Application Gateway provides a simplified view of how the front-end IPs are connected to the listeners, rules and backend pool. 连接边缘采用颜色编码,并根据后端池运行状况提供其他详细信息。The connecting edges are color coded and provide additional details based on the backend pool health. 该视图还提供了所有相关后端池(如 VMSS 和 VM 实例)的应用程序网关指标的详细视图。The view also provides a detailed view of Application Gateway metrics and metrics for all related backend pools such as VMSS and VM instances.

“依赖项”视图

通过依赖项图可轻松导航到配置设置。The dependency graph enables easy navigation to configuration settings. 右键单击后端池可访问其他功能。Right click on a backend pool to access to other functionality. 例如,如果后端池是 VM,则可以直接访问 VM Insights 和网络观察程序连接疑难解答,以确定连接问题。For example, if the backend pool is a VM then you can directly access VM Insights and Network Watcher connection troubleshoot to identify connectivity issues.

“依赖项”视图菜单

“依赖项”视图上的搜索和筛选栏提供了一种轻松的方法来搜索图形。The search and filter bar on the dependency view provide an effortless way to search through the graph. 例如,在下面的示例中搜索 AppGWTestRule 会将图形视图缩小到通过 AppGWTestRule 连接的所有节点 。For example, searching for AppGWTestRule in the example below will narrow down the graphical view to all nodes connected via AppGWTestRule.

搜索示例

不同的筛选器有助于缩小到特定的路径和状态。Different filters provide help to narrow down on to a specific path and state. 例如,从“运行状况状态”下拉列表中仅选择“运行不正常”可显示状态为“运行不正常”的所有边缘。For example, select only Unhealthy from the Health Status drop down to show all the edges where state is Unhealthy.

单击“详细指标视图”可启动预配置的工作簿,其中包含应用程序网关、所有后端池资源和前端 IP 的详细指标。Click on Detailed Metric View to launch a pre-configured workbook with detailed metrics for the application gateway, all backend pool resources and front end IPs.

后续步骤Next steps