Azure 门户概述Azure portal overview

Azure 门户是一个中心位置,可在其中预配和管理 Azure 资源。The Azure portal is a central place where you can provision and manage your Azure resources. 本教程将帮助你熟悉此门户,并介绍如何使用以下一些关键功能:This tutorial will familiarize you with the portal and show you how to use some of these key capabilities:

  • 一个综合市场,可以在其中浏览数千个来自 Microsoft 和其他供应商的应用,可以购买这些应用和/或对其进行设置。A comprehensive marketplace that lets you browse through thousands of items from Microsoft and other vendors that can be purchased and/or provisioned.

  • 统一且可升级的浏览体验,可以轻松查找关注的资源并执行各种管理操作。A unified and scalable browse experience that makes it easy to find the resources you care about and perform various management operations.

  • 一致的管理页面(或边栏选项卡),以一致的方式显示设置、操作、计费信息、运行状况监视和使用情况数据等等,使你能够管理 Azure 的各种服务。Consistent management pages (or blades) that let you manage Azure’s wide variety of services through a consistent way of exposing settings, actions, billing information, health monitoring and usage data, and much more.

  • 个性化体验,可以创建自定义的开始屏幕,其中显示当你登录时想要看见的信息。A personal experience that lets you create a customized start screen that shows the information that you want to see whenever you log in. 还可以自定义包含磁贴的任意管理边栏选项卡。You can also customize any of the management blades that contain tiles.

    熟悉 Azure 门户 UI

准备工作Before you get started

必须拥有有效的 Azure 订阅才能完整浏览本教程。You will need a valid Azure subscription to go through this tutorial. 如果没有 Azure 订阅,可立即注册试用版If you don’t have one, then sign up for a trial today. 拥有订阅后,即可访问门户 https://portal.azure.cnOnce you have a subscription, you can access the portal at https://portal.azure.cn.

如何创建资源How to create a resource

Azure 提供了一个包含数千商品的市场,使你可以从一个位置集中创建商品。Azure has a marketplace with thousands of items that you can create from one place. 假设你要创建一个新的 Windows Server 2012 VM。Let’s say you want to create a new Windows Server 2012 VM. “+新”中心是从市场进入特色类别的精选组的入口点。The +NEW hub is your entry point into a curated set of featured categories from the marketplace. 每个类别都有少量的特色项目,以及指向完整市场(显示所有类别和搜索)的链接。Each category has a small set of featured items along with a link to the full marketplace that shows all categories and search. 若要新建 Windows Server 2012 VM,请执行以下操作:To create that new Windows Server 2012 VM, perform the following actions:

  1. Windows Server 2012 是一种特色类别,可以从计算类别中选择它。Windows Server 2012 is featured, so you can select it from the Compute category.
  2. 在表单上填写一些基本输入信息。Fill out some basic inputs on a form.
  3. 单击“创建”。此时,系统会立即开始预配你的 VM。Click ‘Create’ and your VM will begin to provision immediately.

资源已完成创建时,通知中心会发出提醒,并且管理边栏选项卡也会打开(稍后始终可以浏览资源)。The notifications hub will alert you when your resource has been created and a management blade will open (you can always browse to resources later).

门户类别

如何查找资源How to find your resources

始终可以将经常访问的资源固定到启动板,但也可能需要浏览不经常访问的内容。You can always pin frequently accessed resources to your startboard, but you might need to browse to something that you don’t frequently access. 可以通过浏览中心(如下所示)访问所有资源。The browse hub shown below is your way to get to all of your resources. 可以按订阅进行筛选、选择列/调整列大小,并能通过单击各个项导航到管理边栏选项卡。You can filter by subscription, choose/resize columns, and navigate to the management blades by clicking on individual items.

浏览中心

如何管理和委派资源访问权限How to manage and delegate access to a resource

在此边栏选项卡中,可以使用远程桌面连接到虚拟机、监视关键性能指标、使用基于角色的访问 (RBAC) 控制对此 VM 的访问、配置 VM,并能执行其他重要的管理任务。From this blade you can connect to the virtual machine using remote desktop, monitor key performance metrics, control access to this VM using role based access (RBAC), configure the VM, and perform other important management tasks. 根据角色委派访问权限对大规模管理至关重要。Delegating access based on role is critical to managing at scale. 有关详情,请单击此处Click here to learn more about it. 若要委派资源访问权限,请执行以下操作:To delegate access to a resource, perform the following actions:

  1. 浏览到你的资源。Browse to your resource.
  2. 单击“概要”部分中的“所有设置”。Click ‘All settings’ in the Essentials section.
  3. 单击设置列表中的“用户”。Click ‘Users’ in the settings list.
  4. 单击命令栏中的“添加”。Click ‘Add’ in the command bar.
  5. 选择用户和角色。Choose a user and a role.

管理资源

如何获取帮助How to get help

如果遇到问题,请随时与我们联系。If you ever have a problem, we’re here for you. 门户提供帮助和支持页面,可为你指引正确的方向。The portal has a help and support page that can point you in the right direction. 根据支持计划,还可以直接在门户中创建支持请求。Depending on your support plan, you can also create support tickets directly in the portal. 创建支持请求之后,可以在门户内管理请求的生命周期。After creating a support ticket, you can manage the lifecycle of the ticket from within the portal. 可以导航到“浏览”->“帮助 + 支持”,访问帮助和支持页面。You can get to the help and support page by navigating to Browse -> Help + support.

帮助和支持

摘要Summary

让我们回顾一下本教程的讲解内容:Let’s review what you learned in this tutorial:

  • 如何注册、获取订阅,并浏览到门户You learned how to sign up, get a subscription, and browse to the portal
  • 在门户 UI 中导航,以及如何创建和浏览资源You got oriented with the portal UI and learned how to create and browse resources
  • 如何创建资源和浏览资源You learned how to create a resource and browse resources
  • 结构或管理边栏选项卡,以及如何统一管理不同类型的资源You learned about the structure or management blades and how you can consistently manage different types of resources
  • 如何自定义门户,以便将关注的信息置于前面或中心位置You learned how to customize the portal to bring the information you care about to the front and center
  • 如何使用基于角色的访问 (RBAC) 控制对资源的访问You learned how to control access to resources using role based access (RBAC)
  • 如何获得帮助和支持You learned how to get help and support

Azure 门户大大简化了在云中构建和管理应用程序的工作。The Azure portal radically simplifies building and managing your applications in the cloud. 请参阅管理博客,了解最新动态,因为我们一直坚持聆听反馈并做出改进。Take a look at the management blog to keep up to date as we’re constantly listening to feedback and making improvements. ScottGu 的博客是查找所有 Azure 更新的另一个极佳位置。ScottGu’s blog is another great place to look for all Azure updates.