使用 Azure CLI 创建单一数据库并配置防火墙规则Use the Azure CLI to create a single database and configure a firewall rule

适用于:是Azure SQL 数据库 APPLIES TO: yesAzure SQL Database

此 Azure CLI 脚本示例创建 Azure SQL 数据库中的单一数据库,并配置服务器级防火墙规则。This Azure CLI script example creates a single database in Azure SQL Database and configures a server-level firewall rule. 成功运行该脚本后,可以通过所有 Azure 服务和配置的 IP 地址访问数据库。After the script has been successfully run, the database can be accessed from all Azure services and the configured IP address.

本主题需要运行 Azure CLI 版本 2.0 或更高版本。This topic requires that you are running the Azure CLI version 2.0 or later. 运行 az --version 即可查找版本。Run az --version to find the version. 如需进行安装或升级,请参阅安装 Azure CLIIf you need to install or upgrade, see Install the Azure CLI.

示例脚本Sample script

登录 AzureSign in to Azure

如果没有 Azure 订阅,可在开始前创建一个试用帐户If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a trial account before you begin.

运行脚本Run the script

#!/bin/bash
location="China East"
randomIdentifier=random123

resource="resource-$randomIdentifier"
server="server-$randomIdentifier"
database="database-$randomIdentifier"

login="sampleLogin"
password="samplePassword123!"

startIP=0.0.0.0
endIP=0.0.0.0

echo "Creating $resource..."
az group create --name $resource --location "$location"

echo "Creating $server in $location..."
az sql server create --name $server --resource-group $resource --location "$location" --admin-user $login --admin-password $password

echo "Configuring firewall..."
az sql server firewall-rule create --resource-group $resource --server $server -n AllowYourIp --start-ip-address $startIP --end-ip-address $endIP

echo "Creating $database on $server..."
az sql db create --resource-group $resource --server $server --name $database --sample-name AdventureWorksLT --edition GeneralPurpose --family Gen4 --capacity 1

清理部署Clean up deployment

使用以下命令删除资源组及其相关的所有资源。Use the following command to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it.

az group delete --name $resource

示例参考Sample reference

此脚本使用以下命令。This script uses the following commands. 表中的每条命令均链接到特定于命令的文档。Each command in the table links to command-specific documentation.

az sql serveraz sql server 服务器命令Server commands
az sql server firewallaz sql server firewall 服务器防火墙命令。Server firewall commands.
az sql dbaz sql db 数据库命令。Database commands.

后续步骤Next steps

有关 Azure CLI 的详细信息,请参阅 Azure CLI 文档For more information on the Azure CLI, see Azure CLI documentation.

其他 SQL 数据库 CLI 脚本示例可以在 Azure SQL 数据库文档中找到。Additional SQL Database CLI script samples can be found in the Azure SQL Database documentation.