ASDK 管理基础知识ASDK admin basics

如果你不熟悉 Azure Stack 开发工具包 (ASDK) 的管理,请参考本文。There are several things you need to know if you're new to Azure Stack Development Kit (ASDK) administration. 本指南概述评估环境中 Azure Stack 操作员的角色。This guidance provides an overview of your role as an Azure Stack operator in the evaluation environment. 熟悉此信息可确保测试用户能够尽快提高工作效率。Familiarizing yourself with this info ensures your test users will become productive as quickly as possible.

首先请查看什么是 Azure Stack 开发工具包?一文,确保了解 ASDK 的用途和限制。First, you should review the What is Azure Stack Development Kit? article to make sure you understand the purpose of the ASDK and its limitations. 应该将开发工具包作为“沙盒”使用,在其中对 Azure Stack 进行评估,并在非生产环境中开发和测试应用。You should use the development kit as a "sandbox," where you can evaluate Azure Stack to develop and test your apps in a non-production environment.

与 Azure 类似,Azure Stack 会快速推出创新,因此我们会定期发布 ASDK 的新版本。Like Azure, Azure Stack innovates rapidly so we'll regularly release new builds of the ASDK. 但是,无法像升级 Azure Stack 集成系统部署一样升级 ASDK。However, you can't upgrade the ASDK like you can Azure Stack integrated systems deployments. 因此,若要过渡到最新版本,必须彻底重新部署 ASDKSo, if you want to move to the latest build, you must completely redeploy the ASDK. 不能应用更新包。You can't apply update packages. 此过程需要一定的时间,但好处是可以在最新功能可用时立即试用。This process takes time, but the benefit is that you can try out the latest features as soon as they become available.

我应使用什么帐户?What account should I use?

管理 Azure Stack 时,应该注意帐户方面的几个事项,There are a few account considerations you should be aware of when managing Azure Stack. 在使用 Windows Server Active Directory 联合身份验证服务 (AD FS) 而不是 Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) 作为标识提供者的部署中尤其如此。This is especially true in deployments using Windows Server Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) as the identity provider instead of Azure Active Directory (Azure AD). 以下帐户注意事项同时适用于 Azure Stack 集成系统和 ASDK 部署:The following account considerations apply to both Azure Stack integrated systems and ASDK deployments:

帐户Account Azure ADAzure AD AD FSAD FS
本地管理员 (.\Administrator)Local Admin (.\Administrator) ASDK 主机管理员ASDK host admin ASDK 主机管理员ASDK host admin
AzureStack\AzureStackAdminAzureStack\AzureStackAdmin ASDK 主机管理员ASDK host admin

可用于登录到 Azure Stack 管理员门户Can be used to sign in to the Azure Stack administrator portal

拥有查看和管理 Service Fabric 环的访问权限Access to view and administer Service Fabric rings
ASDK 主机管理员ASDK host admin

无权访问 Azure Stack 管理员门户No access to the Azure Stack administrator portal

拥有查看和管理 Service Fabric 环的访问权限Access to view and administer Service Fabric rings

不再是默认提供程序订阅 (DPS) 的所有者No longer owner of the Default Provider Subscription (DPS)
AzureStack\CloudAdminAzureStack\CloudAdmin 可在特权终结点中访问和运行允许的命令Can access and run permitted commands within the Privileged Endpoint 可在特权终结点中访问和运行允许的命令Can access and run permitted commands within the Privileged Endpoint

无法登录到 ASDK 主机Can't sign in to the ASDK host

默认提供程序订阅 (DPS) 的所有者Owner of the Default Provider Subscription (DPS)
Azure AD 全局管理员Azure AD Global Administrator 安装期间使用Used during installation

默认提供程序订阅 (DPS) 的所有者Owner of the Default Provider Subscription (DPS)
不适用Not applicable

使用哪些工具进行管理?What tools do I use to manage?

可以使用 Azure Stack 管理员门户 https://adminportal.local.azurestack.external 或 PowerShell 来管理 Azure Stack。You can use the Azure Stack administrator portal https://adminportal.local.azurestack.external or PowerShell to manage Azure Stack. 若要了解基本概念,最简单的方式是使用门户。The easiest way to learn the basic concepts is through the portal. 若要使用 PowerShell,需要安装适用于 Azure Stack 的 PowerShell从 GitHub 下载 Azure Stack 工具If you want to use PowerShell, you need to install PowerShell for Azure Stack and download the Azure Stack tools from GitHub.

Azure Stack 使用 Azure 资源管理器作为其基础的部署、管理和组织机制。Azure Stack uses Azure Resource Manager as its underlying deployment, management, and organization mechanism. 若要管理 Azure Stack 并帮助支持用户,应了解 Azure 资源管理器。If you're going to manage Azure Stack and help support users, you should learn about Azure Resource Manager. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Azure 资源管理器入门白皮书You can learn more by reading the Getting Started with Azure Resource Manager whitepaper.

典型责任Your typical responsibilities

用户需要使用服务,Your users want to use services. 从其角度来看,你的主要角色是向他们提供这些服务。From their perspective, your main role is to make these services available to them. 可以使用 ASDK 来了解需要提供哪些服务,以及如何通过创建计划、套餐和配额来提供这些服务。Using the ASDK, you can learn which services to offer, and how to make those services available by creating plans, offers, and quotas. 此外还需向市场添加项,例如虚拟机 (VM) 映像。You'll also need to add items to the marketplace, such as virtual machine (VM) images. 最简单的方法是将市场项从 Azure 下载到 Azure StackThe easiest way is to download marketplace items from Azure to Azure Stack.

备注

如需测试计划、套餐和服务,应使用用户门户 https://portal.local.azurestack.external 而不是管理员门户 https://adminportal.local.azurestack.externalIf you want to test your plans, offers, and services, you should use the user portal https://portal.local.azurestack.external; not the administrator portal https://adminportal.local.azurestack.external.

除了提供服务外,你还必须负责 Azure Stack 操作员的所有常规职责,使 ASDK 保持启动且正在运行。In addition to providing services, you must take care of all the regular duties of an Azure Stack Operator to keep the ASDK up and running. 这些职责包括以下事项:These duties include the following things:

  • 为 Azure AD 或 AD FS 部署添加用户帐户。Add user accounts for either Azure AD or AD FS deployments.
  • 分配基于角色的访问控制 (RBAC) 角色(这不仅限于管理员)。Assign role-based access control (RBAC) roles (this isn't restricted to just admins).
  • 监视基础结构运行状况。Monitor infrastructure health.
  • 管理网络和存储资源。Manage network and storage resources.
  • 更换有故障的开发工具包主计算机硬件。Replace failed development kit host computer hardware.

从何处获取支持Where to get support

对于 ASDK,可以在 Azure Stack MSDN 论坛中提出与支持相关的问题。For the ASDK, you can ask support-related questions in the Azure Stack MSDN Forum.

还可以通过单击管理员门户右上角的“帮助”(问号) 来访问论坛。You can also access the forums by clicking Help (question mark) in the upper-right corner of the administrator portal. 然后单击“帮助 + 支持”打开“帮助 + 支持”概述,其中包含指向论坛的链接。Then click Help + support to open Help + Support Overview, which has a link to the forum. 我们会定期监视 MSDN 论坛。MSDN forums are regularly monitored.

重要

由于 ASDK 是一个评估环境,因此我们不会通过 Azure 客户支持服务 (CSS) 提供官方支持。Because the ASDK is an evaluation environment, there's no official support offered through Azure Customer Support Services (CSS).

后续步骤Next steps

部署 ASDKDeploy the ASDK