在 Azure Stack HCI 上部署虚拟桌面基础结构 (VDI)Deploy virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) on Azure Stack HCI

适用于:Azure Stack HCI,版本 20H2Applies to: Azure Stack HCI, version 20H2

本主题提供了有关如何在 Azure Stack HCI 操作系统上计划、配置和部署虚拟桌面基础结构 (VDI) 的指导。This topic provides guidance on how to plan, configure, and deploy virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) on the Azure Stack HCI operating system. 利用你的 Azure Stack HCI 投资为组织中的用户提供集中化、高度可用、简化且安全的管理。Leverage your Azure Stack HCI investment to deliver centralized, highly available, simplified, and secure management for the users in your organization. 可使用本指导为用户实现自带设备 (BYOD) 之类的方案,同时为用户提供一致且可靠的关键应用程序体验,不会牺牲安全性。Use this guidance to enable scenarios like bring-your-own-device (BYOD) for your users, while providing them with a consistent and reliable experience for business-critical applications without sacrificing security.

概述Overview

VDI 使用服务器硬件在虚拟机 (VM) 上运行桌面操作系统和软件程序。VDI uses server hardware to run desktop operating systems and software programs on a virtual machine (VM). 通过这种方式,VDI 允许在集中式服务器上运行传统的桌面工作负荷。In this way, VDI lets you run traditional desktop workloads on centralized servers. VDI 在业务环境中的优势包括:将敏感的公司应用程序和数据存放在一个安全的数据中心内,并包容 BYOD策略,不必担心将个人数据与公司资产混用。VDI advantages in a business setting include keeping sensitive company applications and data in a secure datacenter, and accommodating a BYOD policy without worrying about mixing personal data with corporate assets. VDI 也已成为一项标准,用于为远程和分支机构工作人员提供支持,以及向承包商和合作伙伴提供访问权限。VDI has also become the standard to support remote and branch office workers and provide access to contractors and partners.

Azure Stack HCI 提供了适用于 VDI 的最佳平台。Azure Stack HCI offers the optimal platform for VDI. 将经过验证的 Azure Stack HCI 解决方案与 Microsoft 远程桌面服务 (RDS) 结合使用,你可以实现高度可用且高度可缩放的体系结构。A validated Azure Stack HCI solution combined with Microsoft Remote Desktop Services (RDS) lets you achieve a highly available and highly scalable architecture.

此外,Azure Stack HCI VDI 还提供以下基于云的独特功能来保护 VDI 工作负荷和客户端:In addition, Azure Stack HCI VDI provides the following unique cloud-based capabilities to protect VDI workloads and clients:

  • 使用 Azure 更新管理进行的集中管理更新Centrally managed updates using Azure Update Management
  • 针对 VDI 客户端的统一安全管理和高级威胁防护Unified security management and advanced threat protection for VDI clients

部署 VDIDeploy VDI

本部分概要介绍了如何获取硬件以在 Azure Stack HCI 上部署 VDI,以及如何使用 Windows Admin Center 进行管理。This section describes at a high level how to acquire hardware to deploy VDI on Azure Stack HCI and use Windows Admin Center for management. 它还介绍了如何部署 RDS 以支持 VDI。It also covers deploying RDS to support VDI.

步骤 1:获取用于 Azure Stack HCI 上的 VDI 的硬件Step 1: Acquire hardware for VDI on Azure Stack HCI

首先,你需要购买硬件。First, you'll need to procure hardware. 若要购买硬件,最简单的方法是在 Azure Stack HCI 目录中查找首选的 Microsoft 硬件合作伙伴,购买预装了 Azure Stack HCI 操作系统的集成系统。The easiest way to do that is to locate your preferred Microsoft hardware partner in the Azure Stack HCI Catalog and purchase an integrated system with the Azure Stack HCI operating system preinstalled. 在此目录中,你可以进行筛选,以查找针对此类型的工作负荷进行了优化的供应商硬件。In the catalog, you can filter to see vendor hardware that is optimized for this type of workload. 请务必咨询你的硬件合作伙伴,以确保硬件可以支持你要在群集上托管的虚拟桌面数量。Be sure to consult your hardware partner to make sure the hardware can support the number of virtual desktops that you want to host on your cluster.

否则,你需要在自己的硬件上部署 Azure Stack HCI 操作系统。Otherwise, you'll need to deploy the Azure Stack HCI operating system on your own hardware. 若要详细了解 Azure Stack HCI 部署选项以及如何安装 Windows Admin Center,请参阅部署 Azure Stack HCI 操作系统For details on Azure Stack HCI deployment options and installing Windows Admin Center, see Deploy the Azure Stack HCI operating system.

接下来,使用 Windows Admin Center 创建 Azure Stack HCI 群集Next, use Windows Admin Center to create an Azure Stack HCI cluster.

步骤 2:在 Windows Admin Center 中设置 Azure 更新管理Step 2: Set up Azure Update Management in Windows Admin Center

在 Windows Admin Center 中设置 Azure 更新管理,以便快速评估可用更新的状态、计划所需的更新,并查看部署结果以验证所应用的更新。In Windows Admin Center, set up Azure Update Management to quickly assess the status of available updates, schedule required updates, and review deployment results to verify applied updates.

若要开始使用 Azure 更新管理,你需要具有 Azure 订阅。To get started with Azure Update Management, you need a subscription to Azure. 如果没有订阅,可以注册试用版If you don't have a subscription, you can sign up for a trial.

还可以使用 Windows Admin Center 来设置其他 Azure 混合服务,例如备份、Site Recovery、点到站点 VPN 和 Azure 安全中心。You can also use Windows Admin Center to set up additional Azure hybrid services, such as Backup, Site Recovery, Point-to-Site VPN, and Azure Security Center.

步骤 3:部署远程桌面服务 (RDS) 以支持 VDIStep 3: Deploy Remote Desktop Services (RDS) for VDI support

完成 Azure Stack HCI 部署并向 Azure 注册以使用更新管理后,便可以按照本部分的指导构建和部署 RDS 以支持 VDI。After completing your Azure Stack HCI deployment and registering with Azure to use Update Management, you're ready to use the guidance in this section to build and deploy RDS to support VDI.

若要构建和部署 RDS,请执行以下操作:To build and deploy RDS:

  1. 部署远程桌面环境Deploy your Remote Desktop environment
  2. 创建 RDS 会话集合以共享应用和资源Create an RDS session collection to share apps and resources
  3. 为 RDS 部署授权License your RDS deployment
  4. 指导用户安装 远程桌面客户端以访问应用和资源Direct your users to install a Remote Desktop client to access apps and resources
  5. 添加连接中转站和会话主机以实现高可用性:Add Connection Brokers and Session Hosts to enable high availability:

后续步骤Next steps

如需与 VDI 相关的详细信息,请参阅远程桌面服务支持的配置For more information related to VDI, see Supported configurations for Remote Desktop Services