CLI 示例:在 Azure Batch 中创建和管理 Linux 池CLI example: Create and manage a Linux pool in Azure Batch

这些脚本演示了 Azure Batch 中一些可用于在 Azure CLI 中创建和管理 Linux 计算节点池的命令。These script demonstrates some of the commands available in the Azure CLI to create and manage a pool of Linux compute nodes in Azure Batch.

如果选择在本地安装并使用 CLI,本快速入门要求运行 Azure CLI 2.0.20 版或更高版本。If you choose to install and use the CLI locally, this quickstart requires that you are running the Azure CLI version 2.0.20 or later. 运行 az --version 即可查找版本。Run az --version to find the version. 如果需要进行安装或升级,请参阅安装 Azure CLI 2.0If you need to install or upgrade, see Install Azure CLI 2.0.

示例脚本Example script

#!/bin/bash

# Create a resource group.
az group create --name myResourceGroup --location chinanorth

# Create a Batch account.
az batch account create \
    --resource-group myResourceGroup \
    --name mybatchaccount \
    --location chinanorth

# Authenticate Batch account CLI session.
az batch account login \
    --resource-group myResourceGroup \
    --name mybatchaccount
    --shared-key-auth

# Retrieve a list of available images and node agent SKUs.
az batch pool node-agent-skus list

# Create a new Linux pool with a virtual machine configuration. The image reference 
# and node agent SKUs ID can be selected from the ouptputs of the above list command.
# The image reference is in the format: {publisher}:{offer}:{sku}:{version} where {version} is
# optional and defaults to 'latest'.
az batch pool create \
    --id mypool-linux \
    --vm-size Standard_A1 \
    --image canonical:ubuntuserver:16.04.0-LTS \
    --node-agent-sku-id "batch.node.ubuntu 16.04"

# Resize the pool to start some VMs.
az batch pool resize \
    --pool-id mypool-linux \
    --target-dedicated 5

# Check the status of the pool to see when it has finished resizing.
az batch pool show \
    --pool-id mypool-linux

# List the compute nodes running in a pool.
az batch node list \
    --pool-id mypool-linux

# If a particular node in the pool is having issues, it can be rebooted or reimaged.
# The ID of the node can be retrieved with the list command above.
# A typical node ID is in the format 'tvm-xxxxxxxxxx_1-<timestamp>'.
az batch node reboot \
    --pool-id mypool-linux \
    --node-id tvm-123_1-20170316t000000z

# One or more compute nodes can be deleted from the pool, and any
# work already assigned to it can be re-allocated to another node.
az batch node delete \
    --pool-id mypool-linux \
    --node-list tvm-123_1-20170316t000000z tvm-123_2-20170316t000000z \
    --node-deallocation-option requeue

清理部署Clean up deployment

运行以下命令以删除资源组及其相关的所有资源。Run the following command to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it.

az group delete --name myResourceGroup

脚本说明Script explanation

此脚本使用以下命令。This script uses the following commands. 表中的每条命令链接到特定于命令的文档。Each command in the table links to command-specific documentation.

命令Command 注释Notes
az group createaz group create 创建用于存储所有资源的资源组。Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
az batch account createaz batch account create 创建批处理帐户。Creates the Batch account.
az batch account loginaz batch account login 针对指定的批处理帐户进行身份验证,以便进一步进行 CLI 交互。Authenticates against the specified Batch account for further CLI interaction.
az batch pool node-agent-skus listaz batch pool node-agent-skus list 列出可用节点代理 SKU 和映像信息。Lists available node agent SKUs and image information.
az batch pool createaz batch pool create 创建计算节点池。Creates a pool of compute nodes.
az batch pool resizeaz batch pool resize 调整指定池中正在运行的 VM 数目。Resizes the number of running VMs in the specified pool.
az batch pool showaz batch pool show 显示池的属性。Displays the properties of a pool.
az batch node listaz batch node list 列出指定池中的所有计算节点。Lists all the compute node in the specified pool.
az batch node rebootaz batch node reboot 重新启动指定的计算节点。Reboots the specified compute node.
az batch node deleteaz batch node delete 从指定的池中删除列出的节点。Deletes the listed nodes from the specified pool.
az group deleteaz group delete 删除资源组,包括所有嵌套的资源。Deletes a resource group including all nested resources.

后续步骤Next steps

有关 Azure CLI 的详细信息,请参阅 Azure CLI 文档For more information on the Azure CLI, see Azure CLI documentation.