部署配置服务器Deploy a configuration server

使用 Azure Site Recovery 进行 VMware VM 和物理服务器到 Azure 的灾难恢复时,需要部署本地配置服务器。You deploy an on-premises configuration server when you use Azure Site Recovery for disaster recovery of VMware VMs and physical servers to Azure. 配置服务器协调本地 VMware 与 Azure 之间的通信。The configuration server coordinates communications between on-premises VMware and Azure. 它还管理数据复制。It also manages data replication. 将 VMware VM 复制到 Azure 时,本文可引导你完成部署配置服务器所需的步骤。This article walks you through the steps needed to deploy the configuration server when you're replicating VMware VMs to Azure. 如果需要为物理服务器复制设置配置服务器,请按此文中的说明进行操作Follow this article if you need to set up a configuration server for physical server replication.

Tip

可以在此处了解配置服务器角色,它是 Azure Site Recovery 体系结构的一部分。You can learn about the role of Configuration server as part of Azure Site Recovery architecture here.

通过 OVA 模板进行的配置服务器部署Deployment of configuration server through OVA template

必须将配置服务器设置为一个高度可用的 VMware VM,它符合一定的最低硬件和大小调整要求。Configuration server must be set up as a highly available VMware VM with certain minimum hardware and sizing requirements. 为了便于部署,Site Recovery 提供了一个可下载的 OVA (开放虚拟应用程序)模板,用于设置符合下面列出的所有强制性要求的配置服务器。For convenient and easy deployment, Site Recovery provides a downloadable OVA (Open Virtualization Application) template to set up the configuration server that complies with all the mandated requirements listed below.

先决条件Prerequisites

下表汇总了配置服务器的最低硬件要求。Minimum hardware requirements for a configuration server are summarized in the following table.

配置/进程服务器要求Configuration/Process server requirements

组件Component 要求Requirement
硬件设置HARDWARE SETTINGS
CPU 核心数CPU cores 88
RAMRAM 16 GB16 GB
磁盘数目Number of disks 3,包括操作系统磁盘、进程服务器缓存磁盘和用于故障回复保留驱动器3, including the OS disk, process server cache disk, and retention drive for failback
可用磁盘空间(进程服务器缓存)Free disk space (process server cache) 600 GB600 GB
可用磁盘空间(保留磁盘)Free disk space (retention disk) 600 GB600 GB
软件设置SOFTWARE SETTINGS
操作系统Operating system Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2
Windows Server 2016Windows Server 2016
操作系统区域设置Operating system locale 美国英语English (en-us)
Windows Server 角色Windows Server roles 请勿启用以下角色:Don't enable these roles:
- Active Directory 域服务- Active Directory Domain Services
- Internet Information Services- Internet Information Services
- Hyper-V- Hyper-V
组策略Group policies 请勿启用以下组策略:Don't enable these group policies:
- 阻止访问命令提示符。- Prevent access to the command prompt.
- 阻止访问注册表编辑工具。- Prevent access to registry editing tools.
- 信任文件附件的逻辑。- Trust logic for file attachments.
- 打开脚本执行。- Turn on Script Execution.
了解详细信息Learn more
IISIIS - 无预先存在的默认网站- No pre-existing default website
- 端口 443 上没有预先存在的网站/应用程序侦听- No preexisting website/application listening on port 443
- 启用匿名身份验证- Enable anonymous authentication
- 启用 FastCGI 设置- Enable FastCGI setting
网络设置NETWORK SETTINGS
IP 地址类型IP address type 静态Static
端口Ports 443(控制通道协调)443 (Control channel orchestration)
9443(数据传输)9443 (Data transport)
NIC 类型NIC type VMXNET3(如果配置服务器是 VMware VM)VMXNET3 (if the Configuration Server is a VMware VM)
Internet 访问 服务器需要访问以下 URL(直接或通过代理):Internet access (The server needs access to following URLs - directly or via proxy):
*.backup.windowsazure.cn*.backup.windowsazure.cn 用于复制的数据传输和协调Used for replicated data transfer and coordination
*.store.core.chinacloudapi.cn*.store.core.chinacloudapi.cn 用于复制的数据传输和协调Used for replicated data transfer and coordination
*.blob.core.chinacloudapi.cn*.blob.core.chinacloudapi.cn 用于访问存储所复制数据的存储帐户Used to access storage account that stores replicated data
*.hypervrecoverymanager.windowsazure.cn*.hypervrecoverymanager.windowsazure.cn 用于复制管理操作和协调Used for replication management operations and coordination
https://management.chinacloudapi.cnhttps://management.chinacloudapi.cn 用于复制管理操作和协调Used for replication management operations and coordination
*.services.visualstudio.com*.services.visualstudio.com 用于遥测数据(可选)Used for telemetry purposes (It is optional)
time.nist.govtime.nist.gov 用于检查系统时间与全球时间之间的时间同步。Used to check time synchronization between system and global time.
time.windows.comtime.windows.com 用于检查系统时间与全球时间之间的时间同步。Used to check time synchronization between system and global time.
- https://login.chinacloudapi.cn- https://login.chinacloudapi.cn
- https://secure.aadcdn.microsoftonline-p.com- https://secure.aadcdn.microsoftonline-p.com
- https://login.live.com- https://login.live.com
- https://graph.chinacloudapi.cn- https://graph.chinacloudapi.cn
- https://login.chinacloudapi.cn- https://login.chinacloudapi.cn
- https://www.live.com- https://www.live.com
- https://www.microsoft.com- https://www.microsoft.com
OVF 设置需要访问以下这些 URL:OVF set up needs access to these URLs. 它们由 Azure Active Directory 用于访问控制和标识管理They are used for access control and identity management by Azure Active Directory
https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQLInstaller/mysql-installer-community-5.7.20.0.msihttps://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQLInstaller/mysql-installer-community-5.7.20.0.msi 完成 MySQL 下载To complete MySQL download
要安装的软件SOFTWARE TO INSTALL
VMware vSphere PowerCLIVMware vSphere PowerCLI 如果配置服务器在 VMware VM 上运行,则应安装 PowerCLI 版本 6.0PowerCLI version 6.0 should be installed if the Configuration Server is running on a VMware VM.
MYSQLMYSQL 应安装 MySQL。MySQL should be installed. 可以手动安装,或者让 Site Recovery 进行安装。You can install manually, or Site Recovery can install it. (有关详细信息,请参阅配置设置(Refer to configure settings for more information)

配置/进程服务器大小要求Configuration/Process server sizing requirements

CPUCPU 内存Memory 缓存磁盘Cache disk 数据更改率Data change rate 复制的计算机Replicated machines
8 个 vCPU8 vCPUs

2 个插槽 * 4 个核心 @ 2.5 GHz2 sockets * 4 cores @ 2.5 GHz
16GB16GB 300 GB300 GB 500 GB 或更少500 GB or less < 100 台计算机< 100 machines
12 个 vCPU12 vCPUs

2 个插槽 * 6 个核心 @ 2.5 GHz2 socks * 6 cores @ 2.5 GHz
18 GB18 GB 600 GB600 GB 500 GB-1 TB500 GB-1 TB 100 到 150 台计算机100 to 150 machines
16 个 vCPU16 vCPUs

2 个插槽 * 8 个核心 @ 2.5 GHz2 socks * 8 cores @ 2.5 GHz
32 GB32 GB 1 TB1 TB 1-2 TB1-2 TB 150 -200 台计算机150 -200 machines

Azure Active Directory 权限要求Azure Active Directory permission requirements

只有拥有 AAD (Azure Active Directory) 中设置的以下权限之一的用户才能将配置服务器注册到 Azure Site Recovery 服务。You require a user with one of the following permissions set in AAD (Azure Active Directory) to register configuration server with Azure Site Recovery services.

  1. 创建应用程序的用户应该具有“应用程序开发人员”角色。User should have "Application developer" role to create application.

    1. 若要验证角色,请登录到 Azure 门户To verify, Sign in to Azure portal
    2. 导航到“Azure Active Directory”>“角色和管理员”Navigate to Azure Active Directory > Roles and administrators
    3. 检查“应用程序开发人员”角色是否已分配到该用户。Verify if "Application developer" role is assigned to the user. 如果没有,请使用拥有此权限的用户,或联系管理员启用该权限If not, use a user with this permission or reach out to administrator to enable the permission.
  2. 如果无法分配“应用程序开发人员”角色,请确保“用户可以注册应用程序”标志设置为 true,使该用户能够创建标识。If the "Application developer" role cannot be assigned, ensure that "User can register application" flag is set as true for user to create identity. 若要启用上述权限,请执行以下操作:To enable above permissions,

    1. 登录到 Azure 门户Sign in to Azure portal

    2. 导航到“Azure Active Directory”>“用户设置”Navigate to Azure Active Directory > User settings

    3. 在“应用注册”下,“用户可以注册应用程序”应设置为“是”。Under **App registrations", "Users can register applications" should be chosen as "Yes".

      AAD_application_permission

Note

不支持 Active Directory 联合身份验证服务 (ADFS)。Active Directory Federation Services(ADFS) is not supported. 请使用通过 Azure Active Directory 管理的帐户。Please use an account managed through Azure Active Directory.

容量计划Capacity planning

配置服务器的大小要求取决于潜在的数据更改率。The sizing requirements for the configuration server depend on the potential data change rate. 使用此表作为指南。Use this table as a guide.

CPU CPU 内存Memory 缓存磁盘大小Cache disk size 数据更改率Data change rate 受保护的计算机Protected machines
8 个 vCPU(2 个插槽 * 4 个核心 @ 2.5 GHz)8 vCPUs (2 sockets * 4 cores @ 2.5 GHz) 16 GB16 GB 300 GB300 GB 500 GB 或更少500 GB or less 复制少于 100 台计算机。Replicate fewer than 100 machines.
12 个 vCPU(2 个插槽 * 6 个核心 @ 2.5 GHz)12 vCPUs (2 sockets * 6 cores @ 2.5 GHz) 18 GB18 GB 600 GB600 GB 500 GB 到 1 TB500 GB to 1 TB 复制 100-150 台计算机。Replicate 100-150 machines.
16 个 vCPU(2 个插槽 * 8 个核心 @ 2.5 GHz)16 vCPUs (2 sockets * 8 cores @ 2.5 GHz) 32 GB32 GB 1 TB1 TB 1 TB 到 2 TB1 TB to 2 TB 复制 150-200 台计算机。Replicate 150-200 machines.

如果要复制多个 VMware VM,请阅读容量规划注意事项If you're replicating more than one VMware VM, read capacity planning considerations. 为 VMWare 复制运行 Deployment Planner 工具Run the Deployment planner tool for VMWare replication.

下载模板Download the template

  1. 在保管库中,转到“准备基础结构” > “源” 。In the vault, go to Prepare Infrastructure > Source.

  2. 在“准备源”中,选择“+配置服务器”。 In Prepare source, select +Configuration server.

  3. 在“添加服务器”中,检查“VMware 的配置服务器”是否已显示在“服务器类型”中 。In Add Server, check that Configuration server for VMware appears in Server type.

  4. 下载配置服务器的开放虚拟应用程序 (OVA) 模板。Download the Open Virtualization Application (OVA) template for the configuration server.

    Tip

    另外,还可以直接从下载中心下载最新版本的配置服务器模板。You can also download the latest version of the configuration server template directly from Download Center.

Note

通过 OVA 模板提供的许可证是有效期为 180 天的评估许可证。The license provided with OVA template is an evaluation license valid for 180 days. 超过有效期之后,客户需要使用购买的许可证来激活 Windows。Post this period, customer needs to activate the windows with a procured license.

在 VMware 中导入模板Import the template in VMware

  1. 使用 VMWare vSphere 客户端登录到 VMware vCenter 服务器或 vSphere ESXi 主机。Sign in to the VMware vCenter server or vSphere ESXi host by using the VMWare vSphere Client.

  2. 在“文件”菜单中,选择“部署 OVF 模板”以启动“部署 OVF 模板”向导 。On the File menu, select Deploy OVF Template to start the Deploy OVF Template wizard.

    OVF 模板

  3. 在“选择源”中,输入下载的 OVF 所在的位置 。In Select source, enter the location of the downloaded OVF.

  4. 在“查看详细信息”中,选择“下一步”。 In Review details, select Next.

  5. 在“选择名称和文件夹”和“选择配置”中,接受默认设置 。In Select name and folder and Select configuration, accept the default settings.

  6. 在“选择存储”中,为获得最佳性能,请在“选择虚拟磁盘格式”中选择“Thick Provision Eager Zeroed” 。In Select storage, for best performance select Thick Provision Eager Zeroed in Select virtual disk format. 使用精简预配选项可能会影响配置服务器的性能。Usage of thin provisioning option might impact the performance of configuration server.

  7. 在余下的向导页中,接受默认设置。In the rest of the wizard pages, accept the default settings.

  8. 在“准备完成”中:In Ready to complete:

    • 若要使用默认设置来设置 VM,请选择“部署后打开” > “完成” 。To set up the VM with the default settings, select Power on after deployment > Finish.
    • 若要添加其他网络接口,请清除“部署后打开”,并选择“完成” 。To add an additional network interface, clear Power on after deployment, and then select Finish. 默认情况下,配置服务器模板是使用单个 NIC 部署的。By default, the configuration server template is deployed with a single NIC. 可以在部署后添加其他 NIC。You can add additional NICs after deployment.

Important

不要在部署后更改资源配置(内存/核心/CPU 限制)、修改/删除配置服务器上的已安装服务或文件。Do not change resource configurations(memory/cores/CPU restriction), modify/delete installed services or files on configuration server after deployment. 这会影响向 Azure 服务注册配置服务器以及配置服务器的性能。This will impact registration of configuration server with Azure services and performance of configuration server.

添加其他适配器Add an additional adapter

若要将其他 NIC 添加到配置服务器,请在将服务器注册到保管库中之前添加它。If you want to add an additional NIC to the configuration server, add it before you register the server in the vault. 注册后不支持添加其他适配器。Adding additional adapters isn't supported after registration.

  1. 在 vSphere 客户端库存中,右键单击 VM 并选择“编辑设置” 。In the vSphere Client inventory, right-click the VM and select Edit Settings.
  2. 在“硬件”中,选择“添加” > “以太网适配器” 。In Hardware, select Add > Ethernet Adapter. 然后,选择“下一步” 。Then select Next.
  3. 选择适配器类型和网络。Select an adapter type and a network.
  4. 若要在打开 VM 时连接虚拟 NIC,请选择“上电时连接” 。To connect the virtual NIC when the VM is turned on, select Connect at power-on. 然后,选择“下一步” > “完成” > “确定”。 Then select Next > Finish > OK.

将配置服务器注册到 Azure Site Recovery 服务Register the configuration server with Azure Site Recovery services

  1. 通过 VMWare vSphere 客户端控制台打开 VM。From the VMWare vSphere Client console, turn on the VM.
  2. VM 将启动并进入 Windows Server 2016 安装体验。The VM boots up into a Windows Server 2016 installation experience. 接受许可协议,然后输入管理员密码。Accept the license agreement, and enter an administrator password.
  3. 安装完成后,以管理员身份登录到 VM。After the installation finishes, sign in to the VM as the administrator.
  4. 首次登录时,会在数秒内启动 Azure Site Recovery 配置工具。The first time you sign in, within few seconds the Azure Site Recovery Configuration Tool starts.
  5. 输入用于向 Site Recovery 注册配置服务器的名称。Enter a name that's used to register the configuration server with Site Recovery. 然后,选择“下一步” 。Then select Next.
  6. 该工具会检查 VM 是否能够连接到 Azure。The tool checks that the VM can connect to Azure. 建立连接后,选择“登录”以登录到 Azure 订阅 。After the connection is established, select Sign in to sign in to your Azure subscription.
    a.a. 使用的凭据必须有权访问配置服务器所要注册到的保管库。The credentials must have access to the vault in which you want to register the configuration server.
    b.b. 确保所选用户帐户有权在 Azure 中创建应用程序。Ensure that chosen user account has permissions to create an application in Azure. 若要启用所需的权限,请遵循此处所述的指导原则。To enable required permissions, follow guidelines given here.
  7. 该工具将执行一些配置任务,然后重新启动。The tool performs some configuration tasks, and then reboots.
  8. 再次登录到计算机。Sign in to the machine again. 在数秒内,配置服务器管理向导会自动 启动。The configuration server management wizard starts automatically in few seconds.

配置设置Configure settings

  1. 在配置服务器管理向导中,选择“设置连接”。 In the configuration server management wizard, select Setup connectivity. 在下拉列表中,首先选择内置进程服务器用于发现的 NIC,将移动服务的安装推送到源计算机上,然后选择配置服务器用来与 Azure 连接的 NIC。From the dropdowns, first select the NIC that the in-built process server uses for discovery and push installation of mobility service on source machines, and then select the NIC that Configuration Server uses for connectivity with Azure. 再选择“保存” 。Then select Save. 配置后无法更改此设置。You cannot change this setting after it is configured. 强烈建议不要更改配置服务器的 IP 地址。It is strongly advised to not change the IP address of a configuration server. 请确保分配给配置服务器的 IP 是静态 IP,而不是 DHCP IP。Ensure IP assigned to the Configuration Server is STATIC IP and not DHCP IP.

  2. 在“选择恢复服务保管库”中,使用在将配置服务器注册到 Azure Site Recovery 服务步骤 6 中所用的凭据登录到 Azure。 In Select Recovery Services vault, sign in to Azure with credentials used in step 6 of "Register configuration server with Azure Site Recovery Services".

  3. 登录后,选择你的 Azure 订阅以及相关的资源组和保管库。After sign-in, Select your Azure subscription and the relevant resource group and vault.

    Note

    注册后,不能随意更改恢复服务保管库。Once registered, there is no flexibility to change the recovery services vault. 更改恢复服务保管库需要从当前保管库取消关联配置服务器,配置服务器下所有受保护虚拟机的复制将会停止。Changing recovery services vault would require disassociation of configuration server from current vault, and the replication of all protected virtual machines under the configuration server is stopped. 了解详细信息Learn more.

  4. 在“安装第三方软件” 中,In Install third-party software,

    场景Scenario 执行的步骤Steps to follow
    我可以下载和手动安装 MySQL 吗?Can I download & install MySQL manually? 是的。Yes. 下载 MySQL 应用程序,将其置于 C:\Temp\ASRSetup 文件夹中,然后手动安装。Download MySQL application & place it in the folder C:\Temp\ASRSetup, then install manually. 现在,接受条款并单击“下载并安装” ,门户上显示“已安装” 。Now, when you accept the terms > click on Download and install, the portal says Already installed. 可以继续下一步。You can proceed to the next step.
    可以避免联机下载 MySQL 吗?Can I avoid download of MySQL online? 是的。Yes. 将 MySQL 安装程序应用程序置于 C:\Temp\ASRSetup 文件夹中。Place your MySQL installer application in the folder C:\Temp\ASRSetup. 接受条款并单击“下载并安装” ,门户将使用你添加的安装程序并安装应用程序。Accept the terms > click on Download and install, the portal will use the installer added by you and installs the application. 安装后可以继续执行下一步。You can proceed to the next step post installation.
    我想要通过 Azure Site Recovery 下载并安装 MySQLI would like to download & install MySQL through Azure Site Recovery 接受许可协议并单击“下载并安装” 。Accept the license agreement & click on Download and Install. 然后,在安装后可以继续执行下一步。Then you can proceed to the next step post installation.
  5. 在“验证设备配置”中验证先决条件,然后继续 。In Validate appliance configuration, prerequisites are verified before you continue.

  6. 在“配置 vCenter Server/vSphere ESXi 服务器”中,输入要复制的 VM 所在的 vCenter Server 或 vSphere 主机的 FQDN 或 IP 地址 。In Configure vCenter Server/vSphere ESXi server, enter the FQDN or IP address of the vCenter server, or vSphere host, where the VMs you want to replicate are located. 输入服务器侦听的端口。Enter the port on which the server is listening. 为保管库中的 VMware 服务器输入一个可用的友好名称。Enter a friendly name to be used for the VMware server in the vault.

  7. 输入配置服务器用来连接到 VMware 服务器的凭据。Enter credentials to be used by the configuration server to connect to the VMware server. Site Recovery 将使用这些凭据自动发现可复制的 VMware VM。Site Recovery uses these credentials to automatically discover VMware VMs that are available for replication. 选择“添加” ,然后选择“继续” 。Select Add, and then Continue. 此处输入的凭据会在本地保存。The credentials entered here are locally saved.

  8. 在“配置虚拟机凭据” 中,输入虚拟机的用户名和密码,以便在复制过程中自动安装 Mobility Service。In Configure virtual machine credentials, enter the user name, and password of Virtual machines to automatically install Mobility Service during replication. 对于 Windows 计算机,该帐户在要复制的计算机上需有本地管理员特权。For Windows machines, the account needs local administrator privileges on the machines you want to replicate. 对于 Linux ,请提供根帐户的详细信息。For Linux, provide details for the root account.

  9. 选择“完成配置”以完成注册 。Select Finalize configuration to complete registration.

  10. 完成注册后,打开 Azure 门户,验证配置服务器和 VMware 服务器是否在“恢复服务保管库” > “管理” > “Site Recovery 基础结构” > “配置服务器” 中列出。After registration finishes, open Azure portal, verify that the configuration server and VMware server are listed on Recovery Services Vault > Manage > Site Recovery Infrastructure > Configuration Servers.

升级配置服务器Upgrade the configuration server

若要将配置服务器升级到最新版本,请按照这些步骤进行操作。To upgrade the configuration server to the latest version, follow these steps. 有关如何升级所有 Site Recovery 组件的详细说明,请单击此处For detailed instructions on how to upgrade all Site Recovery components, click here.

管理配置服务器Manage the configuration server

为避免正在进行的复制中断,请确保在配置服务器注册到保管库后配置服务器的 IP 地址不会更改。To avoid interruptions in ongoing replication, ensure that IP address of the configuration server does not change after the configuration server has been registered to a vault. 可以在此处了解有关常见配置服务器管理任务的详细信息。You can learn more about common configuration server management tasks here.

常见问题FAQ

  1. 通过 OVF 部署在配置服务器上的许可证有效期是多长?How long is the Licence provided on configuration server deployed through OVF is valid? 如果不重新激活许可证会发生什么?What happens if I do not reactivate the License?

    通过 OVA 模板提供的许可证是有效期为 180 天的评估许可证。The license provided with OVA template is an evaluation license valid for 180 days. 到期之前需要激活许可证。Before expiry, you need to activate the license. 否则,这可能导致配置服务器频繁关闭,因而妨碍复制活动。Else, this can result in frequent shutdown of configuration server and thus cause hinderance to replication activities.

  2. 可以使用安装有配置服务器的 VM 实现其他用途吗?Can I use the VM, where the configuration server is installed, for different purposes?

    不可以,我们建议仅将 VM 用于配置服务器 。No, we recommend you to use the VM for sole purpose of configuration server. 请确保遵循先决条件中提到的所有规范,以便有效管理灾难恢复。Ensure you follow all the specifications mentioned in Prerequisites for efficient management of disaster recovery.

  3. 可以将已在配置服务器中注册的保管库切换为新创建的保管库吗?Can I switch the vault already registered in the configuration server with a newly created vault?

    不可以,将保管库注册到配置服务器后,就无法更改。No, once a vault is registered with configuration server, it cannot be changed.

  4. 可以使用同一配置服务器来同时保护物理计算机和虚拟机吗?Can I use the same configuration server for protecting both physical and virtual machines?

    可以,同一配置服务器可以用于复制物理计算机和虚拟机。Yes, the same configuration server can be used for replicating physical and virtual machines. 但是,物理计算机仅可故障回复到 VMware VM。However, physical machine can be failed back only to a VMware VM.

  5. 配置服务器有何用途,可用于何处?What is the purpose of a configuration server and where is it used?

    请参阅 VMware 到 Azure 复制体系结构,了解有关配置服务器及其功能的更多信息。Refer to VMware to Azure replication architecture to learn more about configuration server and its functionalities.

  6. 在哪里可以找到最新版本的配置服务器?Where can I find the latest version of Configuration server?

    有关通过门户升级配置服务器的步骤,请参阅升级配置服务器For steps to upgrade the configuration server through the portal, see Upgrade the configuration server. 有关如何升级所有 Site Recovery 组件的详细说明,请参阅此处For detailed instructions on how to upgrade all Site Recovery components, refer here.

  7. 在哪里可以下载配置服务器的密码?Where can I download the passphrase for configuration server?

    请参阅本文下载密码。Refer to this article to download the passphrase.

  8. 是否可以更改通行短语?Can I change the passphrase?

    不可以强烈建议不要更改配置服务器的通行短语No, you are strongly advised to not change the passphrase of configuration server. 通行短语的更改会中断受保护计算机的复制,并会导致关键运行状况状态。Change in passphrase breaks replication of protected machines and leads to critical health state.

  9. 在哪里可以下载保管库注册密钥?Where can I download vault registration keys?

    在“恢复服务保管库”中,“管理” > “Site Recovery 基础结构” > “配置服务器” 。In the Recovery Services Vault, Manage > Site Recovery Infrastructure > Configuration Servers. 在“服务器”中,选择“下载注册密钥”以下载保管库凭据文件 。In Servers, select Download registration key to download the vault credentials file.

  10. 是否可以克隆现有配置服务器并将其用于复制业务流程?Can I clone an existing Configuration Server and use it for replication orchestration?

    不能,不支持使用克隆的配置服务器组件。No, use of a cloned Configuration Server component is not supported. 克隆横向扩展进程服务器也是不受支持的方案。Clone of scale-out process server is also an unsupported scenario. 克隆 Site Recovery 组件会影响正在进行的复制。Cloning Site Recovery components impact ongoing replications.

  11. 能否更改配置服务器的 IP?Can I change the IP of configuration server?

    ,强烈建议不要更改配置服务器的 IP 地址。No, it is strongly recommended to not change the IP address of a configuration server. 请确保分配给配置服务器的所有 IP 是静态 IP,而不是 DHCP IP。Ensure all IPs assigned to the Configuration Server are STATIC IPs and not DHCP IPs.

  12. 是否可以在 Azure 上设置配置服务器?Can I set up configuration server on Azure?

    建议使用与 v-Center 的直通连接在本地环境中设置配置服务器,以及将数据传输延迟降至最低。It is recommended to set up configuration server on on-premises environment with direct line-of-sight with v-Center and to minimize data transfer latencies. 可出于故障回复目的对配置服务器进行计划备份。You can take scheduled backups of configuration server for failback purposes.

有关配置服务器的更多常见问题解答,请参阅我们有关配置服务器常见问题的文档For more FAQ on configuration server, refer to our documentation on configuration server common questions .

排查部署问题Troubleshoot deployment issues

安装失败Installation failures

示例错误消息Sample error message 建议的操作Recommended action
错误...未能加载帐户。ERROR Failed to load Accounts. 错误:System.IO.IOException:安装和注册 CS 服务器时无法从传输连接读取数据。Error: System.IO.IOException: Unable to read data from the transport connection when installing and registering the CS server. 确保在计算机上启用 TLS 1.0。Ensure that TLS 1.0 is enabled on the computer.

注册失败Registration failures

可以通过检查 %ProgramData%\ASRLogs 文件夹中的日志来调试注册失败。Registration failures can be debugged by reviewing the logs in the %ProgramData%\ASRLogs folder.

示例错误消息Sample error message 建议的操作Recommended action
09:20:06:InnerException.Type:SrsRestApiClientLib.AcsException,InnerException。09:20:06:InnerException.Type: SrsRestApiClientLib.AcsException,InnerException.
消息:ACS50008:SAML 令牌无效。Message: ACS50008: SAML token is invalid.
跟踪 ID:1921ea5b-4723-4be7-8087-a75d3f9e1072Trace ID: 1921ea5b-4723-4be7-8087-a75d3f9e1072
相关 ID:62fea7e6-2197-4be4-a2c0-71ceb7aa2d97>Correlation ID: 62fea7e6-2197-4be4-a2c0-71ceb7aa2d97>
时间戳:2016-12-12 14:50:08Z
Timestamp: 2016-12-12 14:50:08Z
确保系统时钟上的时间与本地时间之间的偏差不超过 15 分钟。Ensure that the time on your system clock is not more than 15 minutes off the local time. 重新运行安装程序完成注册。Rerun the installer to complete the registration.
09:35:27: 尝试获取所选证书的所有灾难恢复保管库时,引发 DRRegistrationException: :引发了 Exception.Type:Microsoft.DisasterRecovery.Registration.DRRegistrationException, Exception.Message:ACS50008:SAML 令牌无效。09:35:27 :DRRegistrationException while trying to get all disaster recovery vault for the selected certificate: : Threw Exception.Type:Microsoft.DisasterRecovery.Registration.DRRegistrationException, Exception.Message: ACS50008: SAML token is invalid.
跟踪 ID: e5ad1af1-2d39-4970-8eef-096e325c9950Trace ID: e5ad1af1-2d39-4970-8eef-096e325c9950
相关 ID: abe9deb8-3e64-464d-8375-36db9816427aCorrelation ID: abe9deb8-3e64-464d-8375-36db9816427a
时间戳:2016-05-19 01:35:39ZTimestamp: 2016-05-19 01:35:39Z
确保系统时钟上的时间与本地时间之间的偏差不超过 15 分钟。Ensure that the time on your system clock is not more than 15 minutes off the local time. 重新运行安装程序以完成注册。Rerun the installer to complete the registration.
06:28:45: 未能创建证书06:28:45:Failed to create certificate
06:28:45: 安装无法继续。06:28:45:Setup cannot proceed. 无法创建用于在 Site Recovery 中进行身份验证的证书。A certificate required to authenticate to Site Recovery cannot be created. 重新运行安装程序Rerun Setup
确保以本地管理员的身份运行安装程序。Ensure you are running setup as a local administrator.

后续步骤Next steps

设置 VMware VM 到 Azure 的灾难恢复。Set up disaster recovery of VMware VMs to Azure.