使用 CLI 将 Azure SQL 单一数据库备份到 Azure 存储容器Use CLI to backup an Azure SQL single database to an Azure storage container

此 Azure CLI 示例将 Azure SQL 数据库备份到 Azure 存储容器。This Azure CLI example backs up an Azure SQL database to an Azure storage container.

本文要求运行 Azure CLI 2.0 或更高版本。This article requires that you are running the Azure CLI version 2.0 or later. 运行 az --version 即可查找版本。Run az --version to find the version. 如需进行安装或升级,请参阅安装 Azure CLIIf you need to install or upgrade, see Install the Azure CLI.

示例脚本Sample script

登录 AzureSign in to Azure

如果没有 Azure 订阅,可在开始前创建一个试用订阅If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a Trial Subscription before you begin.

$subscription = "<subscriptionId>" # add subscription here

az account set -s $subscription # ...or use 'az login'

运行脚本Run the script

#!/bin/bash
location="China East"
randomIdentifier=random123

resource=resource-$randomIdentifier
server=server-$randomIdentifier
database=database-$randomIdentifier
storage=storage$randomIdentifier
container=container-$randomIdentifier

bacpac=backup.bacpac

login=sampleLogin
password=samplePassword123!

echo "Using resource group $resource with login: $login, password: $password..."

echo "Creating resource group $resource..."
az group create --name $resource --location "$location"

echo "Creating $storage..."
az storage account create --name $storage --resource-group $resource --location "$location" --sku Standard_LRS

echo "Creating $container on $storage..."
key=$(az storage account keys list --account-name $storage --resource-group $resource -o json --query [0].value | tr -d '"')
az storage container create --name $container --account-key $key --account-name $storage

echo "Creating $server..."
az sql server create --name $server --resource-group $resource --location "$location" --admin-user $login --admin-password $password
az sql server firewall-rule create --resource-group $resource --server $server --name AllowAzureServices --start-ip-address 0.0.0.0 --end-ip-address 0.0.0.0

echo "Creating $database..."
az sql db create --name $database --resource-group $resource --server $server --edition GeneralPurpose --sample-name AdventureWorksLT

echo "Backing up $database..."
az sql db export --admin-password $password --admin-user $login --storage-key $key --storage-key-type StorageAccessKey --storage-uri "https://$storage.blob.core.chinacloudapi.cn/$container/$bacpac" --name $database --resource-group $resource --server $server

清理部署Clean up deployment

使用以下命令删除资源组及其相关的所有资源。Use the following command to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it.

az group delete --name $resource

示例参考Sample reference

此脚本使用以下命令。This script uses the following commands. 表中的每条命令均链接到特定于命令的文档。Each command in the table links to command specific documentation.

命令Command 注释Notes
az sql serveraz sql server 服务器命令。Server commands.
az sql dbaz sql db 数据库命令。Database commands.

后续步骤Next steps

有关 Azure CLI 的详细信息,请参阅 Azure CLI 文档For more information on the Azure CLI, see Azure CLI documentation.

其他 SQL 数据库 CLI 脚本示例可以在 Azure SQL 数据库文档中找到。Additional SQL Database CLI script samples can be found in the Azure SQL Database documentation.