使用 WordPress 创建 VMCreate a VM with WordPress

此脚本将创建一个虚拟机,并使用 Azure 虚拟机自定义脚本扩展安装 WordPress。This script creates a virtual machine, and then uses the Azure Virtual Machine custom script extension to install WordPress. 运行脚本后,可在 http://<public IP of VM>/wordpress 访问 WordPress 配置站点。After running the script, you can access the WordPress configuration site at http://<public IP of VM>/wordpress.

若要运行此示例,请确保已安装最新版本的 Azure CLITo run this sample, make sure you have installed the latest version of the Azure CLI. 若要开始,请运行 az login 以创建与 Azure 的连接。To start, run az login to create a connection with Azure.

此示例在 Bash shell 中正常工作。This sample works in a Bash shell. 有关在 Windows 客户端上运行 Azure CLI 脚本的选项,请参阅在 Windows 上安装 Azure CLIFor options on running Azure CLI scripts on Windows client, see Install the Azure CLI on Windows.

如果没有 Azure 订阅,可在开始前创建一个试用帐户If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a trial account before you begin.

示例脚本Sample script

#!/bin/bash

# Create a resource group.
az group create --name myResourceGroup --location chinanorth

# Create a new virtual machine, this creates SSH keys if not present.
az vm create --resource-group myResourceGroup --name myVM --image Canonical:UbuntuServer:14.04.5-LTS:latest --generate-ssh-keys

# Open port 80 to allow web traffic to host.
az vm open-port --port 80 --resource-group myResourceGroup --name myVM

# Start a CustomScript extension to use a simple bash script to update, download and install WordPress and MySQL 
az vm extension set \
    --publisher Microsoft.Azure.Extensions \
    --version 2.0 \
    --name CustomScript \
    --vm-name myVM \
    --resource-group myResourceGroup \
    --settings '{"fileUris":["https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Azure/azure-quickstart-templates/master/wordpress-single-vm-ubuntu/install_wordpress.sh"],"commandToExecute":"sh install_wordpress.sh"}'

清理部署Clean up deployment

运行以下命令来删除资源组、VM 和所有相关资源。Run the following command to remove the resource group, VM, and all related resources.

az group delete --name myResourceGroup

脚本说明Script explanation

此脚本使用以下命令创建资源组、虚拟机和所有相关资源。This script uses the following commands to create a resource group, virtual machine, and all related resources. 表中的每条命令均链接到特定于命令的文档。Each command in the table links to command specific documentation.

命令Command 注释Notes
az group createaz group create 创建用于存储所有资源的资源组。Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
az vm createaz vm create 创建虚拟机并将其连接到网卡、虚拟网络、子网和 NSG。Creates the virtual machine and connects it to the network card, virtual network, subnet, and NSG. 此命令还指定要使用的虚拟机映像和管理凭据。This command also specifies the virtual machine image to be used, and administrative credentials.
az vm open-portaz vm open-port 创建网络安全组规则,以允许入站流量。Creates a network security group rule to allow inbound traffic. 在此示例中,为 HTTP 流量打开端口 80。In this sample, port 80 is opened for HTTP traffic.
az vm extension setaz vm extension set 将自定义脚本扩展添加到虚拟机,此扩展将调用脚本来安装 WordPress。Add the Custom Script Extension to the virtual machine, which invokes a script to install WordPress.
az group deleteaz group delete 删除资源组,包括所有嵌套的资源。Deletes a resource group including all nested resources.

后续步骤Next steps

有关 Azure CLI 的详细信息,请参阅 Azure CLI 文档For more information on the Azure CLI, see Azure CLI documentation.

可以在 Azure Linux VM 文档中找到其他虚拟机 CLI 脚本示例。Additional virtual machine CLI script samples can be found in the Azure Linux VM documentation.