缩放具有高可用性体系结构的全球 Web 应用Scale a web app worldwide with a high-availability architecture

此方案涉及创建一个资源组、两个应用服务计划、两个 Web 应用、一个流量管理器配置文件和两个流量管理器终结点。In this scenario you will create a resource group, two app service plans, two web apps, a traffic manager profile, and two traffic manager endpoints. 完成本练习后,会获得一个高可用性体系结构,它基于最低网络延迟提供 Web 应用的全局可用性。Once the exercise is complete you will have a high-available architecture which allows provides global availability of your web app based on the lowest network latency.

必要时,请使用 Azure PowerShell 指南中的说明安装 Azure PowerShell,并运行 Connect-AzAccount -Environment AzureChinaCloud 创建与 Azure 的连接。If needed, install the Azure PowerShell using the instruction found in the Azure PowerShell guide, and then run Connect-AzAccount -Environment AzureChinaCloud to create a connection with Azure.

示例脚本Sample script

Note

本文进行了更新,以便使用新的 Azure PowerShell Az 模块。This article has been updated to use the new Azure PowerShell Az module. 你仍然可以使用 AzureRM 模块,至少在 2020 年 12 月之前,它将继续接收 bug 修补程序。You can still use the AzureRM module, which will continue to receive bug fixes until at least December 2020. 若要详细了解新的 Az 模块和 AzureRM 兼容性,请参阅新 Azure Powershell Az 模块简介To learn more about the new Az module and AzureRM compatibility, see Introducing the new Azure PowerShell Az module. 有关 Az 模块安装说明,请参阅安装 Azure PowerShellFor Az module installation instructions, see Install Azure PowerShell.

# Generates a Random Value
$Random=(New-Guid).ToString().Substring(0,8)

# Variables
$ResourceGroupName="myResourceGroup$Random"
$App1Name="AppServiceTM1$Random"
$App2Name="AppServiceTM2$Random"
$Location1="ChinaEast"
$Location2="ChinaNorth"

# Create a Resource Group
New-AzResourceGroup -Name $ResourceGroupName -Location $Location1

# Create Traffic Manager Profile
New-AzTrafficManagerProfile -Name "$ResourceGroupName-tmp" -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName -TrafficRoutingMethod Performance -MonitorPath '/' -MonitorProtocol "HTTP" -RelativeDnsName $ResourceGroupName -Ttl 30 -MonitorPort 80

# Create an App Service Plan
New-AzAppservicePlan -Name "$App1Name-Plan" -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName -Location $Location1 -Tier Standard
New-AzAppservicePlan -Name "$App2Name-Plan" -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName -Location $Location2 -Tier Standard

# Create a Web App in the App Service Plan
$App1ResourceId=(New-AzWebApp -Name $App1Name -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName -Location $Location1 -AppServicePlan "$App1Name-Plan").Id
$App2ResourceId=(New-AzWebApp -Name $App2Name -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName -Location $Location2 -AppServicePlan "$App2Name-Plan").Id

# Create Traffic Manager Endpoints for Web Apps
New-AzTrafficManagerEndpoint -Name "$App1Name-$Location1" -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName -ProfileName "$ResourceGroupName-tmp" -Type AzureEndpoints -TargetResourceId $App1ResourceId -EndpointStatus "Enabled"
New-AzTrafficManagerEndpoint -Name "$App2Name-$Location2" -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName -ProfileName "$ResourceGroupName-tmp" -Type AzureEndpoints -TargetResourceId $App2ResourceId -EndpointStatus "Enabled"

清理部署Clean up deployment

运行脚本示例后,可以使用以下命令删除资源组、Web 应用以及所有相关资源。After the script sample has been run, the following command can be used to remove the resource group, web app, and all related resources.

Remove-AzResourceGroup -Name myResourceGroup -Force

脚本说明Script explanation

此脚本使用以下命令。This script uses the following commands. 表中的每条命令均链接到特定于命令的文档。Each command in the table links to command specific documentation.

命令Command 注释Notes
New-AzResourceGroupNew-AzResourceGroup 创建用于存储所有资源的资源组。Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
New-AzTrafficManagerProfileNew-AzTrafficManagerProfile 创建流量管理器配置文件。Creates a Traffic Manager profile.
New-AzAppServicePlanNew-AzAppServicePlan 创建应用服务计划。Creates an App Service plan.
New-AzWebAppNew-AzWebApp 创建 Web 应用。Creates a web app.
New-AzTrafficManagerEndpointNew-AzTrafficManagerEndpoint 在流量管理器配置文件中创建终结点。Creates an endpoint in a Traffic Manager profile.

后续步骤Next steps

有关 Azure PowerShell 模块的详细信息,请参阅 Azure PowerShell 文档For more information on the Azure PowerShell module, see Azure PowerShell documentation.

可以在 Azure PowerShell 示例中找到 Azure 应用服务 Web 应用的其他 Azure Powershell 示例。Additional Azure Powershell samples for Azure App Service Web Apps can be found in the Azure PowerShell samples.