规划部署网络控制器Plan to deploy Network Controller

适用于:Azure Stack HCI 版本 20H2;Windows Server 2019Applies to: Azure Stack HCI, version 20H2; Windows Server 2019

规划通过 Windows Admin Center 部署网络控制器需要运行 Azure Stack HCI 操作系统的一组虚拟机 (VM)。Planning to deploy Network Controller via Windows Admin Center requires a set of virtual machines (VMs) running the Azure Stack HCI operating system. 网络控制器是高度可用且可缩放的服务器角色,需要至少三个 VM 才能在网络上提供高可用性。Network Controller is a highly available and scalable server role that requires a minimum of three VMs to provide high availability on your network.

备注

我们建议将网络控制器部署在其自己的专用 VM 上。We recommend deploying Network Controller on its own dedicated VMs.

网络控制器要求Network Controller requirements

部署网络控制器需要以下各项:The following is required to deploy Network Controller:

  • 用于创建网络控制器 VM 的 Azure Stack HCI 操作系统的虚拟硬盘 (VHD)。A virtual hard disk (VHD) for the Azure Stack HCI operating system to create Network Controller VMs.

  • 用于将网络控制器 VM 加入到域的域名和凭据。A domain name and credentials to join Network Controller VMs to a domain.

  • 至少一个使用 Windows Admin Center 中的群集创建向导配置的虚拟交换机。At least one virtual switch that you configure using the Cluster Creation wizard in Windows Admin Center.

  • 与此部分中的拓扑选项之一匹配的物理网络配置。A physical network configuration that matches one of the topology options in this section.

    Windows Admin Center 会在 Hyper-V 主机中创建配置。Windows Admin Center creates the configuration within the Hyper-V host. 但是,管理网络必须根据以下三个选项之一连接到主机物理适配器:However, the management network must connect to the host physical adapters according to one of the following three options:

    选项 1:管理网络在物理上与工作负载网络隔离。Option 1: The management network is physically separated from the workload networks. 此选项将一个虚拟交换机同时用于计算和存储:This option uses a single virtual switch for both compute and storage:

    为网络控制器创建物理网络的选项 1。

    选项 2:管理网络在物理上与工作负载网络隔离。Option 2: The management network is physically separated from the workload networks. 此选项将一个虚拟交换机仅用于计算:This option uses a single virtual switch for compute only:

    为网络控制器创建物理网络的选项 2。

    选项 3:管理网络在物理上与工作负载网络隔离。Option 3: The management network is physically separated from the workload networks. 此选项使用两个虚拟交换机,一个用于计算,另一个用于存储:This option uses two virtual switches, one for compute, and one for storage:

    为网络控制器创建物理网络的选项 3。

  • 你还可以将管理物理适配器组合到一起,以使用同一管理交换机。You can also team the management physical adapters to use the same management switch. 在这种情况下,我们仍建议使用此部分中的选项之一。In this case, we still recommend using one of options in this section.

  • 管理网络信息,网络控制器用于与 Windows Admin Center 和 Hyper-V 主机通信。Management network information that Network Controller uses to communicate with Windows Admin Center and the Hyper-V hosts.

  • 用于网络控制器 VM 的基于 DHCP 或基于静态网络的寻址。Either DHCP-based or static network-based addressing for Network Controller VMs.

  • 网络控制器的表述性状态转移 (REST) 完全限定的域名 (FQDN),管理客户端用于与网络控制器通信。The Representational State Transfer (REST) fully qualified domain name (FQDN) for Network Controller that the management clients use to communicate with the Network Controller.

    备注

    Windows Admin Center 目前不支持将网络控制器身份验证用于与 REST 客户端的通信或是网络控制器 VM 之间的通信。Windows Admin Center currently does not support Network Controller authentication, either for communication with REST clients or communication between Network Controller VMs. 如果使用 PowerShell 进行部署和管理,则可以使用基于 Kerberos 的身份验证。You can use Kerberos-based authentication if you use PowerShell to deploy and manage it.

配置要求Configuration requirements

你可以在同一子网或不同子网中部署网络控制器群集节点。You can deploy Network Controller cluster nodes on either the same subnet or different subnets. 如果规划在不同子网中部署网络控制器群集节点,则必须在部署过程中提供网络控制器 REST DNS 名称。If you plan to deploy Network Controller cluster nodes on different subnets, you must provide the Network Controller REST DNS name during the deployment process.

若要了解详细信息,请参阅为网络控制器配置动态 DNS 注册To learn more, see Configure dynamic DNS registration for Network Controller.

后续步骤Next steps

现在,你已准备好在运行操作系统的虚拟机上部署网络控制器。Now you're ready to deploy Network Controller on VMs running the operating system.

若要了解更多信息,请参阅以下文章:To learn more, see:

另请参阅See also