使用 System Center 2012 R2 DPM 将 Exchange Server 备份到 Azure 备份Back up an Exchange server to Azure Backup with System Center 2012 R2 DPM

本文说明如何配置 System Center 2012 R2 Data Protection Manager (DPM) 服务器,以便将 Azure Exchange 服务器备份到 Azure 备份。This article describes how to configure a System Center 2012 R2 Data Protection Manager (DPM) server to back up a Azure Exchange server to Azure Backup.

更新Updates

若要在 Azure 备份中成功注册 DPM 服务器,必须安装 System Center 2012 R2 DPM 的最新更新汇总和 Azure 备份代理的最新版本。To successfully register the DPM server with Azure Backup, you must install the latest update rollup for System Center 2012 R2 DPM and the latest version of the Azure Backup Agent. Microsoft 目录获取最新的更新汇总。Get the latest update rollup from the Microsoft Catalog.

备注

对于本文中的示例,会安装 Azure 备份代理 2.0.8719.0 版,并在 System Center 2012 R2 DPM 上安装更新汇总 6。For the examples in this article, version 2.0.8719.0 of the Azure Backup Agent is installed, and Update Rollup 6 is installed on System Center 2012 R2 DPM.

先决条件Prerequisites

继续下一步之前,请确保符合使用 Azure 备份保护工作负荷的所有先决条件Before you continue, make sure that all the prerequisites for using Azure Backup to protect workloads have been met. 这些先决条件包括:These prerequisites include the following:

  • Azure 网站上已创建备份保管库。A backup vault on the Azure site has been created.
  • 代理和保管库凭据已下载到 DPM 服务器。Agent and vault credentials have been downloaded to the DPM server.
  • DPM 服务器上已安装代理。The agent is installed on the DPM server.
  • DPM 服务器已使用保管库凭据注册。The vault credentials were used to register the DPM server.
  • 若要保护 Exchange 2016,请升级到 DPM 2012 R2 UR9 或更高版本If you are protecting Exchange 2016, please upgrade to DPM 2012 R2 UR9 or later

DPM 保护代理DPM protection agent

若要在 Exchange Server 上安装 DPM 保护代理,请遵循以下步骤:To install the DPM protection agent on the Exchange server, follow these steps:

  1. 确保已正确配置防火墙。Make sure that the firewalls are correctly configured. 请参阅配置代理的防火墙异常See Configure firewall exceptions for the agent.
  2. 通过在 DPM 管理员控制台中单击“管理”>“代理”>“安装”,在 Exchange 服务器上安装代理。Install the agent on the Exchange server by clicking Management > Agents > Install in DPM Administrator Console. 有关详细步骤,请参阅安装 DPM 保护代理See Install the DPM protection agent for detailed steps.

为 Exchange Server 创建保护组Create a protection group for the Exchange server

  1. 在 DPM 管理员控制台中,单击“保护”,然后单击工具功能区上的“添加”,打开“创建新保护组”向导。In the DPM Administrator Console, click Protection, and then click New on the tool ribbon to open the Create New Protection Group wizard.

  2. 在向导的“欢迎”屏幕上单击“下一步”。On the Welcome screen of the wizard click Next.

  3. 在“选择保护组类型”屏幕上,选择“服务器”并单击“下一步”。On the Select protection group type screen, select Servers and click Next.

  4. 选择想要保护的 Exchange Server 数据库,并单击“下一步”。Select the Exchange server database that you want to protect and click Next.

    备注

    如果要保护 Exchange 2013,请检查 Exchange 2013 先决条件If you are protecting Exchange 2013, check the Exchange 2013 prerequisites.

    下例中选择了Exchange 2010 数据库。In the following example, the Exchange 2010 database is selected.

    选择组成员

  5. 选择数据保护方法。Select the data protection method.

    为保护组命名,并选择以下两个选项:Name the protection group, and then select both of the following options:

    • 我想要使用磁盘提供短期保护。I want short-term protection using Disk.
    • 我想要使用在线保护。I want online protection.
  6. 单机“下一步”Click Next.

  7. 如果想要检查 Exchange Server 数据库的完整性,请选择“运行 Eseutil 以检查数据完整性”选项。Select the Run Eseutil to check data integrity option if you want to check the integrity of the Exchange Server databases.

    选择此选项后,会在 DPM 服务器上运行备份一致性检查,以避免由于在 Exchange Server 上运行 eseutil 命令而产生的 I/O 流量。After you select this option, backup consistency checking will be run on the DPM server to avoid the I/O traffic that's generated by running the eseutil command on the Exchange server.

    备注

    若要使用此选项,必须将 Ese.dll 和 Eseutil.exe 文件复制到 DPM 服务器上的 C:\Program Files\Microsoft System Center 2012 R2\DPM\DPM\bin 目录。To use this option, you must copy the Ese.dll and Eseutil.exe files to the C:\Program Files\Microsoft System Center 2012 R2\DPM\DPM\bin directory on the DPM server. 否则会触发以下错误:Otherwise, the following error is triggered:
    eseutil 错误eseutil error

  8. 单击“下一步”。Click Next.

  9. 选择“复制备份”的数据库,并单击“下一步”。Select the database for Copy Backup, and then click Next.

    备注

    如果未针对数据库的至少一个 DAG 副本选择“完全备份”,则不会截断日志。If you do not select "Full backup" for at least one DAG copy of a database, logs will not be truncated.

  10. 配置“短期备份”的目标,并单击“下一步”。Configure the goals for Short-Term backup, and then click Next.

  11. 检查可用磁盘空间,并单击“下一步”。Review the available disk space, and then click Next.

  12. 选择 DPM 服务器创建初始复制的时间,然后单击“下一步”。Select the time at which the DPM server will create the initial replication, and then click Next.

  13. 选择一致性检查选项,并单击“下一步”。Select the consistency check options, and then click Next.

  14. 选择要备份到 Azure 数据库,并单击“下一步”。Choose the database that you want to back up to Azure, and then click Next. 例如:For example:

    指定在线保护数据

  15. 定义“Azure 备份”的计划,并单击“下一步”。Define the schedule for Azure Backup, and then click Next. 例如:For example:

    指定联机备份计划

    备注

    请注意,在线恢复点基于快速完全恢复点。Note Online recovery points are based on express full recovery points. 因此,必须将在线恢复点安排在针对快速完全恢复点指定的时间之后。Therefore, you must schedule the online recovery point after the time that's specified for the express full recovery point.

  16. 配置“Azure 备份”的保留策略,并单击“下一步”。Configure the retention policy for Azure Backup, and then click Next.

  17. 选择在线复制选项并单击“下一步”。Choose an online replication option and click Next.

    如果有大型数据库,通过网络创建初始备份所需的时间会很长。If you have a large database, it could take a long time for the initial backup to be created over the network. 可以通过创建脱机备份避免此问题。To avoid this issue, you can create an offline backup.

    指定联机保留策略

  18. 确认设置,并单击“创建组”。Confirm the settings, and then click Create Group.

  19. 单击“关闭”。Click Close.

恢复 Exchange 数据库Recover the Exchange database

  1. 若要恢复 Exchange 数据库,请在 DPM 管理员控制台中单击“恢复”。To recover an Exchange database, click Recovery in the DPM Administrator Console.
  2. 找到要恢复的 Exchange 数据库。Locate the Exchange database that you want to recover.
  3. 从“恢复时间”下拉列表中选择在线恢复点。Select an online recovery point from the recovery time drop-down list.
  4. 单击“恢复”启动“恢复向导”。Click Recover to start the Recovery Wizard.

在线恢复点有五种恢复类型:For online recovery points, there are five recovery types:

  • 恢复到原始 Exchange 服务器位置: 数据将恢复到原始 Exchange 服务器。Recover to original Exchange Server location: The data will be recovered to the original Exchange server.

  • 恢复到 Exchange 服务器上的另一个数据库: 数据将恢复到另一台 Exchange 服务器上的另一个数据库。Recover to another database on an Exchange Server: The data will be recovered to another database on another Exchange server.

  • 恢复到恢复数据库: 数据将恢复到 Exchange 恢复数据库 (RDB)。Recover to a Recovery Database: The data will be recovered to an Exchange Recovery Database (RDB).

  • 复制到网络文件夹: 数据将恢复到网络文件夹。Copy to a network folder: The data will be recovered to a network folder.

  • 复制到磁带: 如果 DPM 服务器上附加并配置了磁带库或独立的磁带驱动器,则恢复点将复制到可用的磁带。Copy to tape: If you have a tape library or a stand-alone tape drive attached and configured on the DPM server, the recovery point will be copied to a free tape.

    选择在线复制

后续步骤Next steps