CLI 示例:使用 Azure Batch 运行作业和任务CLI example: Run a job and tasks with Azure Batch

此脚本创建一个批处理作业,并将一系列任务添加到该作业。This script creates a Batch job and adds a series of tasks to the job. 它还演示了如何监视作业及其任务。It also demonstrates how to monitor a job and its tasks.

如果选择在本地安装并使用 CLI,本文要求运行 Azure CLI 2.0.20 或更高版本。If you choose to install and use the CLI locally, this article requires that you are running the Azure CLI version 2.0.20 or later. 运行 az --version 即可查找版本。Run az --version to find the version. 如果需要进行安装或升级,请参阅安装 Azure CLI 2.0If you need to install or upgrade, see Install Azure CLI 2.0.

示例脚本Example script

#!/bin/bash

# Create a resource group.
az group create --name myResourceGroup --location chinanorth

# Create a general-purpose storage account in your resource group.
az storage account create \
    --resource-group myResourceGroup \
    --name mystorageaccount \
    --location chinanorth \
    --sku Standard_LRS

# Create a Batch account.
az batch account create \
    --name mybatchaccount \
    --storage-account mystorageaccount \
    --resource-group myResourceGroup \
    --location chinanorth

# Authenticate against the account directly for further CLI interaction.
az batch account login \
    --name mybatchaccount \
    --resource-group myResourceGroup \
    --shared-key-auth

# Create a new Linux pool with a virtual machine configuration. 
az batch pool create \
    --id mypool \
    --vm-size Standard_A1 \
    --target-dedicated 2
    --image canonical:ubuntuserver:16.04.0-LTS \
    --node-agent-sku-id "batch.node.ubuntu 16.04"


# Create a new job to encapsulate the tasks that are added.
az batch job create \
    --id myjob \
    --pool-id mypool

# Add tasks to the job. Here the task is a basic shell command.
az batch task create \
    --job-id myjob \
    --task-id task1 \
    --command-line "/bin/bash -c 'printenv AZ_BATCH_TASK_WORKING_DIR'"

# To add many tasks at once, specify the tasks
# in a JSON file, and pass it to the command. See tasks.json for formatting.
az batch task create \
    --job-id myjob \
    --json-file tasks.json

# Update the job so that it is automatically
# marked as completed once all the tasks are finished.
az batch job set \
--job-id myjob \
--on-all-tasks-complete terminateJob

# Monitor the status of the job.
az batch job show --job-id myjob

# Monitor the status of a task.
az batch task show \
    --job-id myjob \
    --task-id task1

清理部署Clean up deployment

运行以下命令以删除资源组及其相关的所有资源。Run the following command to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it.

az group delete --name myResourceGroup

脚本说明Script explanation

此脚本使用以下命令。This script uses the following commands. 表中的每条命令链接到特定于命令的文档。Each command in the table links to command-specific documentation.

命令Command 注释Notes
az group createaz group create 创建用于存储所有资源的资源组。Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
az batch account createaz batch account create 创建批处理帐户。Creates the Batch account.
az batch account loginaz batch account login 针对指定的批处理帐户进行身份验证,以便进一步进行 CLI 交互。Authenticates against the specified Batch account for further CLI interaction.
az batch pool createaz batch pool create 创建计算节点池。Creates a pool of compute nodes.
az batch job createaz batch job create 创建批处理作业。Creates a Batch job.
az batch task createaz batch task create 将任务添加到指定的批处理作业。Adds a task to the specified Batch job.
az batch job setaz batch job set 更新批处理作业的属性。Updates properties of a Batch job.
az batch job showaz batch job show 检索指定批处理作业的详细信息。Retrieves details of a specified Batch job.
az batch task showaz batch task show 从指定的批处理作业中检索任务的详细信息。Retrieves the details of a task from the specified Batch job.
az group deleteaz group delete 删除资源组,包括所有嵌套的资源。Deletes a resource group including all nested resources.

后续步骤Next steps

有关 Azure CLI 的详细信息,请参阅 Azure CLI 文档For more information on the Azure CLI, see Azure CLI documentation.