用于 Azure Cosmos DB Core (SQL) API 的数据库或容器的使用 PowerShell 的吞吐量 (RU/s) 操作Throughput (RU/s) operations with PowerShell for a database or container for Azure Cosmos DB Core (SQL) API

适用于: SQL API

备注

本文已经过更新,以便使用 Azure Az PowerShell 模块。This article has been updated to use the Azure Az PowerShell module. 若要与 Azure 交互,建议使用的 PowerShell 模块是 Az PowerShell 模块。The Az PowerShell module is the recommended PowerShell module for interacting with Azure. 若要开始使用 Az PowerShell 模块,请参阅安装 Azure PowerShellTo get started with the Az PowerShell module, see Install Azure PowerShell. 若要了解如何迁移到 Az PowerShell 模块,请参阅 将 Azure PowerShell 从 AzureRM 迁移到 AzTo learn how to migrate to the Az PowerShell module, see Migrate Azure PowerShell from AzureRM to Az.

本示例要求使用 Azure PowerShell Az 5.4.0 或更高版本。This sample requires Azure PowerShell Az 5.4.0 or later. 运行 Get-Module -ListAvailable Az,查看已安装哪些版本。Run Get-Module -ListAvailable Az to see which versions are installed. 如果需要安装,请参阅安装 Azure PowerShell 模块If you need to install, see Install Azure PowerShell module.

运行 Connect-AzAccount -Environment AzureChinaCloud 以登录到 Azure。Run Connect-AzAccount -Environment AzureChinaCloud to sign in to Azure.

获取吞吐量Get throughput

# Reference: Az.CosmosDB | https://docs.microsoft.com/powershell/module/az.cosmosdb
# --------------------------------------------------
# Purpose
# Get database or container throughput
# --------------------------------------------------
# Variables - ***** SUBSTITUTE YOUR VALUES *****
$resourceGroupName = "myResourceGroup" # Resource Group must already exist
$accountName = "myaccount" # Must be all lower case
$databaseName = "myDatabase"
$containerName = "myContainer"
# --------------------------------------------------

Write-Host "Get database shared throughput - if none provisioned, will return error."
Get-AzCosmosDBSqlDatabaseThroughput -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName `
    -AccountName $accountName -Name $databaseName

Write-Host "Get container dedicated throughput - if none provisioned, will return error."
Get-AzCosmosDBSqlContainerThroughput -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName `
    -AccountName $accountName -DatabaseName $databaseName `
    -Name $containerName

更新吞吐量Update throughput

# Reference: Az.CosmosDB | https://docs.microsoft.com/powershell/module/az.cosmosdb
# --------------------------------------------------
# Purpose
# Update container throughput
# --------------------------------------------------
# Variables - ***** SUBSTITUTE YOUR VALUES *****
$resourceGroupName = "myResourceGroup" # Resource Group must already exist
$accountName = "myaccount" # Must be all lower case
$databaseName = "myDatabase"
$containerName = "myContainer"
$newRUs = 500
# --------------------------------------------------

$throughput = Get-AzCosmosDBSqlContainerThroughput -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName `
    -AccountName $accountName -DatabaseName $databaseName -Name $containerName

$currentRUs = $throughput.Throughput
$minimumRUs = $throughput.MinimumThroughput

Write-Host "Current throughput is $currentRUs. Minimum allowed throughput is $minimumRUs."

if ([int]$newRUs -lt [int]$minimumRUs) {
    Write-Host "Requested new throughput of $newRUs is less than minimum allowed throughput of $minimumRUs."
    Write-Host "Using minimum allowed throughput of $minimumRUs instead."
    $newRUs = $minimumRUs
}

if ([int]$newRUs -eq [int]$currentRUs) {
    Write-Host "New throughput is the same as current throughput. No change needed."
}
else {
    Write-Host "Updating throughput to $newRUs."

    Update-AzCosmosDBSqlContainerThroughput -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName `
        -AccountName $accountName -DatabaseName $databaseName `
        -Name $containerName -Throughput $newRUs
}

迁移吞吐量Migrate throughput

# Reference: Az.CosmosDB | https://docs.microsoft.com/powershell/module/az.cosmosdb
# --------------------------------------------------
# Purpose
# Migrate a database or container to autoscale or standard (manual) throughput
# --------------------------------------------------
# Variables - ***** SUBSTITUTE YOUR VALUES *****
$resourceGroupName = "myResourceGroup" # Resource Group must already exist
$accountName = "myaccount" # Must be all lower case
$databaseName = "myDatabase"
$containerName = "myContainer"
# --------------------------------------------------

Write-Host "Migrate database with standard throughput to autoscale throughput."
Invoke-AzCosmosDBSqlDatabaseThroughputMigration -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName `
    -AccountName $accountName -Name $databaseName -ThroughputType Autoscale

Write-Host "Migrate database with autoscale throughput to standard throughput."
Invoke-AzCosmosDBSqlDatabaseThroughputMigration -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName `
    -AccountName $accountName -Name $databaseName -ThroughputType Manual

Write-Host "Migrate container with standard throughput to autoscale throughput."
Invoke-AzCosmosDBSqlContainerThroughputMigration -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName `
    -AccountName $accountName -DatabaseName $databaseName -Name $containerName -ThroughputType Autoscale

Write-Host "Migrate container with autoscale throughput to standard throughput."
Invoke-AzCosmosDBSqlContainerThroughputMigration -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName `
    -AccountName $accountName -DatabaseName $databaseName -Name $containerName -ThroughputType Manual

清理部署Clean up deployment

运行脚本示例后,可以使用以下命令删除资源组以及与其关联的所有资源。After the script sample has been run, the following command can be used to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it.

Remove-AzResourceGroup -ResourceGroupName "myResourceGroup"

脚本说明Script explanation

此脚本使用以下命令。This script uses the following commands. 表中的每条命令均链接到特定于命令的文档。Each command in the table links to command specific documentation.

命令Command 说明Notes
Azure Cosmos DBAzure Cosmos DB
Get-AzCosmosDBSqlDatabaseThroughputGet-AzCosmosDBSqlDatabaseThroughput 获取在 Azure Cosmos DB Core (SQL) API 数据库上预配的吞吐量。Get the throughput provisioned on an Azure Cosmos DB Core (SQL) API Database.
Get-AzCosmosDBSqlContainerThroughputGet-AzCosmosDBSqlContainerThroughput 获取在 Azure Cosmos DB Core (SQL) API 容器上预配的吞吐量。Get the throughput provisioned on an Azure Cosmos DB Core (SQL) API Container.
Update-AzCosmosDBSqlDatabaseThroughputUpdate-AzCosmosDBSqlDatabaseThroughput 更新 Azure Cosmos DB Core (SQL) API 数据库的吞吐量值。Updates the throughput value of an Azure Cosmos DB Core (SQL) API Database.
Update-AzCosmosDBSqlContainerThroughputUpdate-AzCosmosDBSqlContainerThroughput 更新 Azure Cosmos DB Core (SQL) API 容器的吞吐量值。Updates the throughput value of an Azure Cosmos DB Core (SQL) API Container.
Invoke-AzCosmosDBSqlDatabaseThroughputMigrationInvoke-AzCosmosDBSqlDatabaseThroughputMigration 迁移 Azure Cosmos DB Core (SQL) API 数据库的吞吐量。Migrate throughput of an Azure Cosmos DB Core (SQL) API Database.
Invoke-AzCosmosDBSqlContainerThroughputMigrationInvoke-AzCosmosDBSqlContainerThroughputMigration 迁移 Azure Cosmos DB Core (SQL) API 容器的吞吐量。Migrate throughput of an Azure Cosmos DB Core (SQL) API Container.
Azure 资源组Azure Resource Groups
Remove-AzResourceGroupRemove-AzResourceGroup 删除资源组,包括所有嵌套的资源。Deletes a resource group including all nested resources.

后续步骤Next steps

有关 Azure PowerShell 的详细信息,请参阅 Azure PowerShell 文档For more information on the Azure PowerShell, see Azure PowerShell documentation.