用于机器学习的 Databricks Runtime 7.1(不受支持)

Databricks 于 2020 年 7 月发布了此映像。

用于机器学习的 Databricks Runtime 7.1 基于 Databricks Runtime 7.1(不受支持),为机器学习和数据科学提供了随时可用的环境。 Databricks Runtime ML 包含许多常用的机器学习库,包括 TensorFlow、PyTorch 和 XGBoost。 它还支持使用 Horovod 进行分布式深度学习训练。

有关详细信息,包括有关如何创建 Databricks Runtime ML 群集的说明,请参阅用于机器学习的 Databricks Runtime

新功能和主要更改

Databricks Runtime 7.1 ML 是基于 Databricks Runtime 7.1 构建的。 若要了解 Databricks Runtime 7.1 中的新增功能,包括 Apache Spark MLlib 和 SparkR,请参阅 Databricks Runtime 7.1(不受支持)发行说明。

Databricks Runtime ML Python 环境的主要更改

本部分介绍已安装的 Databricks Runtime ML Python 环境与 Databricks Runtime 7.0 ML(不受支持)相比有哪些主要更改。 你还应该查看 Databricks Runtime 7.1(不支持)中 Databricks Runtime Python 环境的主要更改。 有关已安装的 Python 包及其版本的完整列表,请参阅 Python 库

pip 和 conda magic 命令现已默认启用(公共预览版)

在 Databricks Runtime ML 6.4 及更高版本中,通过群集配置设置提供了 %pip%conda magic 命令。 现在这些命令已默认启用。 有关详细信息,请参阅作用域为笔记本的 Python 库

升级的 Python 包

  • pillow 7.0.0 -> 7.1.0
  • pytorch 1.5.0 -> 1.5.1
  • torchvision 0.6.0 -> 0.6.1
  • horovod 0.19.1 -> 0.19.5
  • mlflow 1.8.0 -> 1.9.1

添加的 Python 包

  • spark-tensorflow-distributor:0.1.0

对 ML Spark 包、Java 和 Scala 库的更改

以下包已升级:

  • mlflow-client:1.9.1

系统环境

Databricks Runtime 7.1 ML 中的系统环境在以下方面不同于 Databricks Runtime 7.1:

  • DBUtils:Databricks Runtime ML 未包含库实用工具。 可改用 %pip%conda 命令。 请参阅作用域为笔记本的 Python 库
  • 对于 GPU 群集,以下 NVIDIA GPU 库不同:
    • CUDA 10.1 Update 2
    • cuDNN 7.6.5
    • NCCL 2.7.3
    • TensorRT 6.0.1

以下部分列出了 Databricks Runtime 7.1 ML 中包含的库,这些库不同于 Databricks Runtime 7.1 中包含的库。

本节内容:

顶层库

Databricks Runtime 7.1 ML 包含以下顶层

Python 库

Databricks Runtime 7.1 ML 使用 Conda 进行 Python 包管理,并且包含许多常用的 ML 包。 下一部分介绍用于 Databricks Runtime 7.1 ML 的 Conda 环境。

CPU 群集上的 Python

name: databricks-ml
channels:
  - pytorch
  - defaults
dependencies:
  - _libgcc_mutex=0.1=main
  - absl-py=0.9.0=py37_0
  - asn1crypto=1.3.0=py37_0
  - astor=0.8.0=py37_0
  - backcall=0.1.0=py37_0
  - backports=1.0=py_2
  - bcrypt=3.1.7=py37h7b6447c_1
  - blas=1.0=mkl
  - blinker=1.4=py37_0
  - boto3=1.12.0=py_0
  - botocore=1.15.0=py_0
  - c-ares=1.15.0=h7b6447c_1001
  - ca-certificates=2020.6.24=0
  - cachetools=4.1.0=py_1
  - certifi=2020.6.20=py37_0
  - cffi=1.14.0=py37h2e261b9_0
  - chardet=3.0.4=py37_1003
  - click=7.0=py37_0
  - cloudpickle=1.3.0=py_0
  - configparser=3.7.4=py37_0
  - cpuonly=1.0=0
  - cryptography=2.8=py37h1ba5d50_0
  - cycler=0.10.0=py37_0
  - cython=0.29.15=py37he6710b0_0
  - decorator=4.4.1=py_0
  - dill=0.3.1.1=py37_1
  - docutils=0.15.2=py37_0
  - entrypoints=0.3=py37_0
  - flask=1.1.1=py_1
  - freetype=2.9.1=h8a8886c_1
  - future=0.18.2=py37_1
  - gast=0.3.3=py_0
  - gitdb=4.0.5=py_0
  - gitdb2=4.0.2=py_0
  - gitpython=3.0.5=py_0
  - google-auth=1.11.2=py_0
  - google-auth-oauthlib=0.4.1=py_2
  - google-pasta=0.2.0=py_0
  - grpcio=1.27.2=py37hf8bcb03_0
  - gunicorn=20.0.4=py37_0
  - h5py=2.10.0=py37h7918eee_0
  - hdf5=1.10.4=hb1b8bf9_0
  - icu=58.2=he6710b0_3
  - idna=2.8=py37_0
  - intel-openmp=2020.0=166
  - ipykernel=5.1.4=py37h39e3cac_0
  - ipython=7.12.0=py37h5ca1d4c_0
  - ipython_genutils=0.2.0=py37_0
  - isodate=0.6.0=py_1
  - itsdangerous=1.1.0=py37_0
  - jedi=0.14.1=py37_0
  - jinja2=2.11.1=py_0
  - jmespath=0.9.4=py_0
  - joblib=0.14.1=py_0
  - jpeg=9b=h024ee3a_2
  - jupyter_client=5.3.4=py37_0
  - jupyter_core=4.6.1=py37_0
  - kiwisolver=1.1.0=py37he6710b0_0
  - krb5=1.16.4=h173b8e3_0
  - ld_impl_linux-64=2.33.1=h53a641e_7
  - libedit=3.1.20181209=hc058e9b_0
  - libffi=3.2.1=hd88cf55_4
  - libgcc-ng=9.1.0=hdf63c60_0
  - libgfortran-ng=7.3.0=hdf63c60_0
  - libpng=1.6.37=hbc83047_0
  - libpq=11.2=h20c2e04_0
  - libprotobuf=3.11.4=hd408876_0
  - libsodium=1.0.16=h1bed415_0
  - libstdcxx-ng=9.1.0=hdf63c60_0
  - libtiff=4.1.0=h2733197_0
  - lightgbm=2.3.0=py37he6710b0_0
  - lz4-c=1.8.1.2=h14c3975_0
  - mako=1.1.2=py_0
  - markdown=3.1.1=py37_0
  - markupsafe=1.1.1=py37h7b6447c_0
  - matplotlib-base=3.1.3=py37hef1b27d_0
  - mkl=2020.0=166
  - mkl-service=2.3.0=py37he904b0f_0
  - mkl_fft=1.0.15=py37ha843d7b_0
  - mkl_random=1.1.0=py37hd6b4f25_0
  - ncurses=6.2=he6710b0_1
  - networkx=2.4=py_0
  - ninja=1.9.0=py37hfd86e86_0
  - nltk=3.4.5=py37_0
  - numpy=1.18.1=py37h4f9e942_0
  - numpy-base=1.18.1=py37hde5b4d6_1
  - oauthlib=3.1.0=py_0
  - olefile=0.46=py37_0
  - openssl=1.1.1g=h7b6447c_0
  - packaging=20.1=py_0
  - pandas=1.0.1=py37h0573a6f_0
  - paramiko=2.7.1=py_0
  - parso=0.5.2=py_0
  - patsy=0.5.1=py37_0
  - pexpect=4.8.0=py37_0
  - pickleshare=0.7.5=py37_0
  - pillow=7.0.0=py37hb39fc2d_0
  - pip=20.0.2=py37_3
  - plotly=4.8.1=py_0
  - prompt_toolkit=3.0.3=py_0
  - protobuf=3.11.4=py37he6710b0_0
  - psutil=5.6.7=py37h7b6447c_0
  - psycopg2=2.8.4=py37h1ba5d50_0
  - ptyprocess=0.6.0=py37_0
  - pyasn1=0.4.8=py_0
  - pyasn1-modules=0.2.7=py_0
  - pycparser=2.19=py37_0
  - pygments=2.5.2=py_0
  - pyjwt=1.7.1=py37_0
  - pynacl=1.3.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - pyodbc=4.0.30=py37he6710b0_0
  - pyopenssl=19.1.0=py37_0
  - pyparsing=2.4.6=py_0
  - pysocks=1.7.1=py37_0
  - python=3.7.6=h0371630_2
  - python-dateutil=2.8.1=py_0
  - python-editor=1.0.4=py_0
  - pytorch=1.5.1=py3.7_cpu_0
  - pytz=2019.3=py_0
  - pyzmq=18.1.1=py37he6710b0_0
  - readline=7.0=h7b6447c_5
  - requests=2.22.0=py37_1
  - requests-oauthlib=1.3.0=py_0
  - retrying=1.3.3=py37_2
  - rsa=4.0=py_0
  - s3transfer=0.3.3=py37_0
  - scikit-learn=0.22.1=py37hd81dba3_0
  - scipy=1.4.1=py37h0b6359f_0
  - setuptools=45.2.0=py37_0
  - simplejson=3.17.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - six=1.14.0=py37_0
  - smmap=3.0.2=py_0
  - sqlite=3.31.1=h62c20be_1
  - sqlparse=0.3.0=py_0
  - statsmodels=0.11.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - tabulate=0.8.3=py37_0
  - tk=8.6.8=hbc83047_0
  - torchvision=0.6.1=py37_cpu
  - tornado=6.0.3=py37h7b6447c_3
  - tqdm=4.42.1=py_0
  - traitlets=4.3.3=py37_0
  - unixodbc=2.3.7=h14c3975_0
  - urllib3=1.25.8=py37_0
  - wcwidth=0.1.8=py_0
  - websocket-client=0.56.0=py37_0
  - werkzeug=1.0.0=py_0
  - wheel=0.34.2=py37_0
  - wrapt=1.11.2=py37h7b6447c_0
  - xz=5.2.4=h14c3975_4
  - zeromq=4.3.1=he6710b0_3
  - zlib=1.2.11=h7b6447c_3
  - zstd=1.3.7=h0b5b093_0
  - pip:
    - astunparse==1.6.3
    - azure-core==1.6.0
    - azure-storage-blob==12.3.2
    - databricks-cli==0.11.0
    - diskcache==4.1.0
    - docker==4.2.2
    - gorilla==0.3.0
    - horovod==0.19.5
    - hyperopt==0.2.4.db2
    - keras-preprocessing==1.1.2
    - koalas==1.0.1
    - mleap==0.16.0
    - mlflow==1.9.1
    - msrest==0.6.17
    - opt-einsum==3.2.1
    - petastorm==0.9.2
    - pyarrow==0.15.1
    - pyyaml==5.3.1
    - querystring-parser==1.2.4
    - seaborn==0.10.0
    - spark-tensorflow-distributor==0.1.0
    - sparkdl==2.1.0-db1
    - tensorboard==2.2.2
    - tensorboard-plugin-wit==1.7.0
    - tensorflow-cpu==2.2.0
    - tensorflow-estimator==2.2.0
    - termcolor==1.1.0
    - xgboost==1.1.1
prefix: /databricks/conda/envs/databricks-ml

GPU 群集上的 Python

name: databricks-ml-gpu
channels:
  - pytorch
  - defaults
dependencies:
  - _libgcc_mutex=0.1=main
  - absl-py=0.9.0=py37_0
  - asn1crypto=1.3.0=py37_0
  - astor=0.8.0=py37_0
  - backcall=0.1.0=py37_0
  - backports=1.0=py_2
  - bcrypt=3.1.7=py37h7b6447c_1
  - blas=1.0=mkl
  - blinker=1.4=py37_0
  - boto3=1.12.0=py_0
  - botocore=1.15.0=py_0
  - c-ares=1.15.0=h7b6447c_1001
  - ca-certificates=2020.6.24=0
  - cachetools=4.1.0=py_1
  - certifi=2020.6.20=py37_0
  - cffi=1.14.0=py37h2e261b9_0
  - chardet=3.0.4=py37_1003
  - click=7.0=py37_0
  - cloudpickle=1.3.0=py_0
  - configparser=3.7.4=py37_0
  - cryptography=2.8=py37h1ba5d50_0
  - cudatoolkit=10.1.243=h6bb024c_0
  - cycler=0.10.0=py37_0
  - cython=0.29.15=py37he6710b0_0
  - decorator=4.4.1=py_0
  - dill=0.3.1.1=py37_1
  - docutils=0.15.2=py37_0
  - entrypoints=0.3=py37_0
  - flask=1.1.1=py_1
  - freetype=2.9.1=h8a8886c_1
  - future=0.18.2=py37_1
  - gast=0.3.3=py_0
  - gitdb=4.0.5=py_0
  - gitdb2=4.0.2=py_0
  - gitpython=3.0.5=py_0
  - google-auth=1.11.2=py_0
  - google-auth-oauthlib=0.4.1=py_2
  - google-pasta=0.2.0=py_0
  - grpcio=1.27.2=py37hf8bcb03_0
  - gunicorn=20.0.4=py37_0
  - h5py=2.10.0=py37h7918eee_0
  - hdf5=1.10.4=hb1b8bf9_0
  - icu=58.2=he6710b0_3
  - idna=2.8=py37_0
  - intel-openmp=2020.0=166
  - ipykernel=5.1.4=py37h39e3cac_0
  - ipython=7.12.0=py37h5ca1d4c_0
  - ipython_genutils=0.2.0=py37_0
  - isodate=0.6.0=py_1
  - itsdangerous=1.1.0=py37_0
  - jedi=0.14.1=py37_0
  - jinja2=2.11.1=py_0
  - jmespath=0.9.4=py_0
  - joblib=0.14.1=py_0
  - jpeg=9b=h024ee3a_2
  - jupyter_client=5.3.4=py37_0
  - jupyter_core=4.6.1=py37_0
  - kiwisolver=1.1.0=py37he6710b0_0
  - krb5=1.16.4=h173b8e3_0
  - ld_impl_linux-64=2.33.1=h53a641e_7
  - libedit=3.1.20181209=hc058e9b_0
  - libffi=3.2.1=hd88cf55_4
  - libgcc-ng=9.1.0=hdf63c60_0
  - libgfortran-ng=7.3.0=hdf63c60_0
  - libpng=1.6.37=hbc83047_0
  - libpq=11.2=h20c2e04_0
  - libprotobuf=3.11.4=hd408876_0
  - libsodium=1.0.16=h1bed415_0
  - libstdcxx-ng=9.1.0=hdf63c60_0
  - libtiff=4.1.0=h2733197_0
  - lightgbm=2.3.0=py37he6710b0_0
  - lz4-c=1.8.1.2=h14c3975_0
  - mako=1.1.2=py_0
  - markdown=3.1.1=py37_0
  - markupsafe=1.1.1=py37h7b6447c_0
  - matplotlib-base=3.1.3=py37hef1b27d_0
  - mkl=2020.0=166
  - mkl-service=2.3.0=py37he904b0f_0
  - mkl_fft=1.0.15=py37ha843d7b_0
  - mkl_random=1.1.0=py37hd6b4f25_0
  - ncurses=6.2=he6710b0_1
  - networkx=2.4=py_0
  - ninja=1.9.0=py37hfd86e86_0
  - nltk=3.4.5=py37_0
  - numpy=1.18.1=py37h4f9e942_0
  - numpy-base=1.18.1=py37hde5b4d6_1
  - oauthlib=3.1.0=py_0
  - olefile=0.46=py37_0
  - openssl=1.1.1g=h7b6447c_0
  - packaging=20.1=py_0
  - pandas=1.0.1=py37h0573a6f_0
  - paramiko=2.7.1=py_0
  - parso=0.5.2=py_0
  - patsy=0.5.1=py37_0
  - pexpect=4.8.0=py37_0
  - pickleshare=0.7.5=py37_0
  - pillow=7.0.0=py37hb39fc2d_0
  - pip=20.0.2=py37_3
  - plotly=4.8.1=py_0
  - prompt_toolkit=3.0.3=py_0
  - protobuf=3.11.4=py37he6710b0_0
  - psutil=5.6.7=py37h7b6447c_0
  - psycopg2=2.8.4=py37h1ba5d50_0
  - ptyprocess=0.6.0=py37_0
  - pyasn1=0.4.8=py_0
  - pyasn1-modules=0.2.7=py_0
  - pycparser=2.19=py37_0
  - pygments=2.5.2=py_0
  - pyjwt=1.7.1=py37_0
  - pynacl=1.3.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - pyodbc=4.0.30=py37he6710b0_0
  - pyopenssl=19.1.0=py37_0
  - pyparsing=2.4.6=py_0
  - pysocks=1.7.1=py37_0
  - python=3.7.6=h0371630_2
  - python-dateutil=2.8.1=py_0
  - python-editor=1.0.4=py_0
  - pytorch=1.5.1=py3.7_cuda10.1.243_cudnn7.6.3_0
  - pytz=2019.3=py_0
  - pyzmq=18.1.1=py37he6710b0_0
  - readline=7.0=h7b6447c_5
  - requests=2.22.0=py37_1
  - requests-oauthlib=1.3.0=py_0
  - retrying=1.3.3=py37_2
  - rsa=4.0=py_0
  - s3transfer=0.3.3=py37_0
  - scikit-learn=0.22.1=py37hd81dba3_0
  - scipy=1.4.1=py37h0b6359f_0
  - setuptools=45.2.0=py37_0
  - simplejson=3.17.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - six=1.14.0=py37_0
  - smmap=3.0.2=py_0
  - sqlite=3.31.1=h62c20be_1
  - sqlparse=0.3.0=py_0
  - statsmodels=0.11.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - tabulate=0.8.3=py37_0
  - tk=8.6.8=hbc83047_0
  - torchvision=0.6.1=py37_cu101
  - tornado=6.0.3=py37h7b6447c_3
  - tqdm=4.42.1=py_0
  - traitlets=4.3.3=py37_0
  - unixodbc=2.3.7=h14c3975_0
  - urllib3=1.25.8=py37_0
  - wcwidth=0.1.8=py_0
  - websocket-client=0.56.0=py37_0
  - werkzeug=1.0.0=py_0
  - wheel=0.34.2=py37_0
  - wrapt=1.11.2=py37h7b6447c_0
  - xz=5.2.4=h14c3975_4
  - zeromq=4.3.1=he6710b0_3
  - zlib=1.2.11=h7b6447c_3
  - zstd=1.3.7=h0b5b093_0
  - pip:
    - astunparse==1.6.3
    - azure-core==1.6.0
    - azure-storage-blob==12.3.2
    - databricks-cli==0.11.0
    - diskcache==4.1.0
    - docker==4.2.2
    - gorilla==0.3.0
    - horovod==0.19.5
    - hyperopt==0.2.4.db1
    - keras-preprocessing==1.1.2
    - koalas==1.0.1
    - mleap==0.16.0
    - mlflow==1.9.1
    - msrest==0.6.17
    - opt-einsum==3.2.1
    - petastorm==0.9.2
    - pyarrow==0.15.1
    - pyyaml==5.3.1
    - querystring-parser==1.2.4
    - seaborn==0.10.0
    - spark-tensorflow-distributor==0.1.0
    - sparkdl==2.1.0-db1
    - tensorboard==2.2.2
    - tensorboard-plugin-wit==1.7.0
    - tensorflow==2.2.0
    - tensorflow-estimator==2.2.0
    - termcolor==1.1.0
    - xgboost==1.1.1
prefix: /databricks/conda/envs/databricks-ml-gpu

包含 Python 模块的 Spark 包

Spark 包 Python 模块 版本
graphframes graphframes 0.8.0-db2-spark3.0

R 库

R 库与 Databricks Runtime 7.1 中的 R 库完全相同。

Java 库和 Scala 库(Scala 2.12 群集)

除了 Databricks Runtime 7.1 中的 Java 库和 Scala 库之外,Databricks Runtime 7.1 ML 还包含以下 JAR:

组 ID 项目 ID 版本
com.typesafe.akka akka-actor_2.12 2.5.23
ml.combust.mleap mleap-databricks-runtime_2.12 0.17.1-4882dc3
ml.dmlc xgboost4j-spark_2.12 1.0.0
ml.dmlc xgboost4j_2.12 1.0.0
org.mlflow mlflow-client 1.9.1
org.scala-lang.modules scala-java8-compat_2.12 0.8.0
org.tensorflow spark-tensorflow-connector_2.12 1.15.0