关于 Site Recovery 组件(配置服务器、进程服务器、主目标服务器)About Site Recovery components (configuration, process, master target)

本文介绍通过 Site Recovery 服务将 VMware VM 和物理服务器复制到 Azure 所用的配置服务器、进程服务器和主目标服务器。This article describes the configuration, process, and master target servers used when replicating VMware VMs and physical servers to Azure with the Site Recovery service.

配置服务器Configuration server

若要对本地 VMware VM 和物理服务器进行灾难恢复,需要一个在本地部署的 Site Recovery 配置服务器。For disaster recovery of on-premises VMware VMs and physical servers, you need a Site Recovery configuration server deployed on-premises.

设置Setting 详细信息Details 链接Links
组件Components 配置服务器计算机运行所有本地 Site Recovery 组件,包括配置服务器、进程服务器和主目标服务器。The configuration server machine runs all on-premises Site Recovery components, which include the configuration server, process server, and master target server.

安装配置服务器时,所有组件会自动进行安装。When you set up the configuration server, all the components are installed automatically.
阅读配置服务器常见问题解答。Read the configuration server FAQ.
角色Role 配置服务器在本地和 Azure 之间协调通信并管理数据复制。The configuration server coordinates communications between on-premises and Azure, and manages data replication. 详细了解将 VMware物理服务器灾难恢复到 Azure 所需的体系结构。Learn more about the architecture for VMware and physical server disaster recovery to Azure.
VMware 要求VMware requirements 若要对本地 VMware VM 进行灾难恢复,必须将配置服务器作为高度可用的本地 VMware VM 进行安装和运行。For disaster recovery of on-premises VMware VMs, you must install and run the configuration server as a on-premises, highly available VMware VM. 了解先决条件。Learn about the prerequisites.
VMware 部署VMware deployment 建议使用下载的 OVA 模板部署配置服务器。We recommend that you deploy the configuration server using a downloaded OVA template. 可以通过此方法轻松地设置符合所有要求和先决条件的配置服务器。This method provides a simply way to set up a configuration server that complies with all requirements and prerequisites.

如果因为某种原因而无法使用 OVA 模板部署 VMware VM,则可按照下面的针对物理计算机灾难恢复的说明手动设置配置服务器计算机。If for some reason you're unable to deploy a VMware VM using an OVA template, you can set up the configuration server machines manually, as described below for physical machine disaster recovery.
使用 OVA 模板进行部署Deploy with an OVA template.
物理服务器要求Physical server requirements 若要在本地物理服务器上进行灾难恢复,需手动部署配置服务器。For disaster recovery on on-premises physical servers, you deploy the configuration server manually. 了解先决条件。Learn about the prerequisites.
物理服务器部署Physical server deployment 如果无法将它安装为 VMware VM,则可将它安装在物理服务器上。If it can't be installed as a VMware VM, you can install it on a physical server. 手动部署配置服务器。Deploy the configuration server manually.

进程服务器Process server

设置Setting 详细信息Details 链接Links
部署Deployment 若要对本地 VMware VM 和物理服务器进行灾难恢复和复制,需要一个本地的进程服务器。For disaster recovery and replication of on-premises VMware VMs and physical servers, you need a process server on-premises. 默认情况下,进程服务器在部署时安装在配置服务器上。By default, the process server is installed on the configuration server when you deploy it. 了解详细信息Learn more.
角色(本地)Role (on-premises - 从允许进行复制的计算机接收复制数据。- Receives replication data from machines enabled for replication.
- 通过缓存、压缩和加密对复制数据进行优化,然后将其发送到 Azure 存储。- Optimizes replication data with caching, compression, and encryption, and sends it to Azure Storage.
- 将 Site Recovery 移动服务推送安装在要复制的本地 VMware VM 和物理服务器上。- Performs a push installation of the Site Recovery Mobility Service on on-premises VMware VMs and physical servers that you want to replicate.
- 对本地计算机执行自动发现。- Performs automatic discovery of on-premises machines.
了解详细信息Learn more.
角色(从 Azure 故障回复)Role (failback from Azure) 从本地站点故障转移后,在 Azure 中将进程服务器设置为 Azure VM,以便处理故障回复到本地位置的事项。After failover from your on-premises site, you set up a process server in Azure, as an Azure VM, to handle failback to your on-premises location.

Azure 中的进程服务器是临时的。The process server in Azure is temporary. 故障回复完成后,即可删除 Azure VM。The Azure VM can be deleted after failback is done.
了解详细信息Learn more.
缩放Scaling 对于更大型的部署,可以在本地设置更多的横向扩展进程服务器。For larger deployments, on-premises you can set up additional, scale-out process servers. 更多的服务器可以处理更多数量的复制计算机以及更大的复制流量,从而横向扩展容量。Additional servers scale out capacity, by handling larger numbers of replicating machines, and larger volumes of replication traffic.

可以在两个进程服务器之间移动计算机,以便对复制流量进行负载均衡。You can move machines between two process servers, in order to load balance replication traffic.
了解详细信息Learn more,

主目标服务器Master target server

主目标服务器处理从 Azure 进行故障回复期间产生的复制数据。The master target server handles replication data during failback from Azure.

  • 它默认安装在配置服务器上。It's installed by default on the configuration server.
  • 对于大型部署,可以另外添加一个单独的主目标服务器用于故障回复。For large deployments, you can add an additional, separate master target server for failback.

后续步骤Next steps