虚拟 WAN 的 Azure Monitor 见解(预览版)Azure Monitor Insights for Virtual WAN (Preview)

用于 Azure 虚拟 WAN 的 Azure Monitor 见解使用户和操作员能够查看通过自动发现的拓扑映射显示的虚拟 WAN 的状态。Azure Monitor Insights for Azure Virtual WAN gives users and operators the ability to view the state and status of a virtual WAN, presented via an autodiscovered topological map. 资源状态在映射上的覆盖为你提供了虚拟 WAN 整体运行状况的快照视图。Resource state and status overlays on the map give you a snapshot view of the overall health of the virtual WAN. 可以通过对虚拟 WAN 门户资源配置页的一键式访问,在映射上导航资源。You can navigate resources on the map via one-click access to the resource configuration pages of the Virtual WAN portal.

虚拟 WAN 资源级指标通过预打包的虚拟 WAN 指标工作簿进行收集和显示。Virtual WAN resource-level metrics are collected and presented via a pre-packaged Virtual WAN metrics workbook. 工作簿显示了虚拟 WAN、中心、网关和连接级别的指标。The workbook shows the metrics at virtual WAN, hub, gateway, and connection levels. 本文将指导你完成使用用于虚拟 WAN 的 Azure Monitor 见解集中在一个位置查看虚拟 WAN 拓扑和指标的步骤。This article walks you through the steps to use Azure Monitor Insights for Virtual WAN to view your Virtual WAN topology and metrics all in a single place.

备注

当前正在推出虚拟 WAN 门户中的“见解”菜单选项。在此菜单的推出过程中,可以使用用于网络的 Azure Monitor 访问虚拟 WAN 拓扑和指标工作簿。The Insights menu option in the Virtual WAN portal is currently being rolled out. While this menu is being rolled out, you can access the Virtual WAN Topology and Metrics Workbook by using Azure Monitor for Networks. 有关详细信息,请参阅用于网络的 Azure MonitorFor more information, see Azure Monitor for Networks.

准备阶段Before you begin

若要完成本文中的步骤,需要具有一个或多个中心的虚拟 WAN。To complete the steps in this article, you need to have a virtual WAN with one or more hubs. 若要创建虚拟 WAN 和中心,请执行以下文章中的步骤:To create a virtual WAN and a hub, follow the steps in these articles:

查看 VWAN 拓扑View VWAN topology

转到“Azure 门户” > “虚拟 WAN” 。Go to Azure portal > Virtual WAN . 在左侧窗格的“监视器”菜单中,选择“见解(预览版)” 。In the Monitor menu in the left pane, select Insights (preview) . 此时将显示“见解”视图。The Insights view appears. 其中显示了虚拟 WAN 依赖项映射和高级“指标”小型工作簿。It shows the Virtual WAN Dependency map and high-level Metrics mini workbook.

图 1: 监视器 > 见解菜单Figure 1: Monitor > Insights menu

显示“见解(预览版)”视图的屏幕截图。

在“见解”视图中,可以查看自动发现的虚拟 WAN 资源。In the Insights view, you can view the autodiscovered Virtual WAN resources. 这些资源包括中心、网关、防火墙、连接和分支虚拟网络、第三方 NVA,以及端到端虚拟 WAN 中的分支。These resources include hubs, gateways, firewalls, connections and spoke virtual networks, third-party NVAs, and branches in an end-to-end Virtual WAN. 有关示例,请参阅“图 2”。For an example, see Figure 2 .

资源状态以颜色编码,并叠加在映射中的资源图标上。The resource state and status are color-coded and overlaid on the resource icons in the map. 高级虚拟 WAN 指标(如中心容量和网关利用率)显示在小型工作簿中窗口的右侧。High-level Virtual WAN metrics, like hub capacities and gateway utilization, appear on the right side of the window in a mini workbook.

图 2: 见解视图Figure 2: Insights view

显示“见解”视图的屏幕截图。

“依赖项”视图Dependency view

虚拟 WAN 的“依赖项”视图可直观显示组织到中心辐射型体系结构中的相互连接的大量虚拟 WAN 资源。The Dependency view for Virtual WAN helps you visualize the interconnected view of all the Virtual WAN resources broadly organized into a hub-and-spoke architecture.

图 3: “VWAN 依赖项”视图Figure 3: VWAN Dependency view

显示“依赖项”视图的屏幕截图。

依赖项视图映射将以下资源显示为连接图表:The Dependency view map displays the following resources as a connected graph:

  • 跨各种 Azure 区域的虚拟 WAN 中心。Virtual WAN hubs across the various Azure regions.
  • 直接连接到中心的分支虚拟网络。Spoke virtual networks that are directly connected to the hub.
  • 通过 ExpressRoute、S2S、P2S 连接和虚拟网络网关连接到各中心的 VPN 和 Azure ExpressRoute 分支站点和 P2S 用户。VPN and Azure ExpressRoute branch sites and P2S users that are connected to each hub via their respective ExpressRoute, S2S, and P2S connections, and virtual network gateways.
  • 中心(安全中心)中部署的 Azure 防火墙(包括第三方防火墙代理)。Azure firewalls (including third-party firewall proxies) deployed in a hub (secured hub).
  • 部署在分支虚拟网络中的第三方 NVA(网络虚拟设备)。Third-party NVAs (network virtual appliances) that are deployed in spoke virtual networks.

依赖项映射还显示间接连接的虚拟网络(与虚拟 WAN 分支虚拟网络对等互连的虚拟网络)。The dependency map also displays indirectly connected virtual networks (virtual networks that are peered with Virtual WAN spoke virtual networks).

通过依赖项映射可以轻松地导航到每个资源的配置设置。The dependency map enables easy navigation to the configuration settings of each resource. 例如,可以将鼠标悬停在中心资源上,查看基本资源配置,如中心区域和中心前缀。For example, you can hover over the hub resource to view the basic resource configuration, like hub region and hub prefix. 右键单击以访问中心资源的“Azure 门户”页。Right-click to access the Azure portal page of the hub resource.

图 4: 导航到特定于资源的信息Figure 4: Navigate to resource-specific information

显示如何导航到特定于资源的信息的屏幕截图。

“依赖项”视图上的搜索和筛选栏提供了一种轻松的方法来搜索图形。The search and filter bar in the Dependency view provides an easy way to search through the graph. 各种筛选器有助于将搜索范围缩小到特定路径和状态。Various filters provide help to narrow your search down to a specific path and state.

图 5: 搜索和筛选Figure 5: Search and filtering

显示搜索和筛选栏的屏幕截图。

详细指标Detailed metrics

可以选择“查看详细指标”来访问详细的“指标”页 。You can select View detailed metrics to access the detailed Metrics page. “指标”页是一个使用单独的选项卡预配置的仪表板。The Metrics page is a dashboard that's preconfigured with separate tabs. 这些选项卡提供对虚拟 WAN 级别、中心级别和单个连接级别的虚拟 WAN 资源容量、性能以及利用率的见解。These tabs provide insights into your virtual WAN resource capacity, performance, and utilization at the virtual-WAN level and hub level, and at the level of individual connections.

图 6:详细指标仪表板Figure 6: Detailed Metrics dashboard

显示详细指标仪表板的屏幕截图。

后续步骤Next steps