Azure Cosmos DB serverless account type
APPLIES TO: NoSQL MongoDB Cassandra Gremlin Table
For an Azure Cosmos DB pricing option that's based on only the resources that you use, choose the Azure Cosmos DB serverless account type. With the serverless option, you're charged only for the request units (RUs) that your database operations consume and for the storage that your data consumes. Serverless containers can serve thousands of requests per second with no minimum charge and no capacity planning required.
Do you have any feedback about serverless? We want to hear it! Feel free to drop a message to the Azure Cosmos DB serverless team: email@example.com.
Every database operation in Azure Cosmos DB has a cost that's expressed in RUs. How you're charged for this cost depends on the type of Azure Cosmos DB account you choose:
- Provisioned throughput: In the provisioned throughput account type, you commit to a certain amount of throughput (expressed in RUs per second or RU/s) that is provisioned on your databases and containers. The cost of your database operations is then deducted from the number of RUs that are available every second. For each billing period, you're billed for the amount of throughput that you provisioned.
- Serverless: In the serverless account type, you don't have to configure provisioned throughput when you create containers in your Azure Cosmos DB account. For each billing period, you're billed for the number of RUs that your database operations consumed.
The Azure Cosmos DB serverless option best fits scenarios in which you expect intermittent and unpredictable traffic and long idle times. Because provisioning capacity in these types of scenarios isn't required and might be cost-prohibitive, Azure Cosmos DB serverless should be considered in the following use cases:
- You're getting started with Azure Cosmos DB.
- You're running applications that have one of the following patterns:
- Bursting, intermittent traffic that is hard to forecast.
- Low (less than 10 percent) average-to-peak traffic ratio.
- You're developing, testing, prototyping, or offering your users a new application, and you don't yet know the traffic pattern.
- You're integrating with a serverless compute service, like Azure Functions.
For more information, see Choose between provisioned throughput and serverless.
Use serverless resources
Azure Cosmos DB serverless is a new account type in Azure Cosmos DB. When you create an Azure Cosmos DB account, you choose between provisioned throughput and serverless options.
To get started with using the serverless model, you must create a new serverless account. Migrating an existing account to or from the serverless model currently isn't supported.
Any container that's created in a serverless account is a serverless container. Serverless containers have the same capabilities as containers that are created in a provisioned throughput account type. You read, write, and query your data exactly the same way. But a serverless account and a serverless container also have other specific characteristics:
- A serverless account can run only in a single Azure region. It isn't possible to add more Azure regions to a serverless account after you create the account.
- Provisioning throughput isn't required on a serverless container, so the following statements apply:
- You can't pass any throughput when you create a serverless container or an error is returned.
- You can't read or update the throughput on a serverless container or an error is returned.
- You can't create a shared throughput database in a serverless account or an error is returned.
- A serverless container can store a maximum of 1 TB of data and indexes.
- A serverless container offers a maximum throughput that ranges from 5,000 RU/s to 20,000 RU/s. The maximum throughput depends on the number of partitions that are available in the container. In the ideal scenario, a 1-TB dataset would require 20,000 RU/s, but the available throughput can exceed this amount. For more information, see Azure Cosmos DB serverless performance.
Monitor your consumption
If you've used the Azure Cosmos DB provisioned throughput model before, you might find that the serverless model is more cost-effective when your traffic doesn't justify provisioned capacity. The tradeoff is that your costs become less predictable because you're billed based on the number of requests that your database processes. Because of the lack of predictability when you use the serverless option, it's important to monitor your current consumption.
You can monitor consumption by viewing a chart in your Azure Cosmos DB account in the Azure portal. For your Azure Cosmos DB account, go to the Metrics pane. On the Overview tab, view the chart that's named Request Units consumed. The chart shows how many RUs your account has consumed for different periods of time.
To get started with using the serverless pricing option in Azure Cosmos DB, review the following articles: