Azure Stack Hub 管理基础知识Azure Stack Hub administration basics

如果你不熟悉 Azure Stack Hub 管理,则需要了解几项事情。If you're new to Azure Stack Hub administration, there are several things you need to know. 本文概述 Azure Stack Hub 操作员角色,以及需要告知用户哪些事情才能帮助他们提高工作效率。This article provides an overview of your role as an Azure Stack Hub operator, and what you need to tell your users to help them become productive.

了解版本Understand the builds

集成系统Integrated systems

如果你使用 Azure Stack Hub 集成系统,请更新包会分发更新版的 Azure Stack。If you're using an Azure Stack Hub integrated system, update packages distribute updated versions of Azure Stack Hub. 可以通过管理员门户中的“更新”磁贴导入并应用这些包。You can import these packages and apply them by using the Updates tile in the administrator portal.

开发工具包Development kit

如果你使用 Azure Stack 开发工具包 (ASDK),请查看什么是 Azure Stack Hub?来了解 ASDK 的用途和其限制。If you're using the Azure Stack Development Kit (ASDK), review What is Azure Stack Hub? to learn the purpose and limitations of the ASDK. 可将 ASDK 用作沙盒,在其中对 Azure Stack Hub 进行评估,并在非生产环境中开发和测试应用。You can use the ASDK as a sandbox, where you can evaluate Azure Stack Hub and develop and test your apps in a non-production environment. 有关部署信息,请参阅 Azure Stack 开发工具包部署For deployment information, see Azure Stack Development Kit deployment.

正如 Azure 一样,我们的创新速度很快。Like Azure, we innovate rapidly. 我们会定期发布新版本。We'll regularly release new builds. 如果你正在运行 ASDK 并想要更新到最新版本,则必须重新部署 Azure Stack HubIf you're running the ASDK and you want to move to the latest build, you must redeploy Azure Stack Hub. 不能应用更新包。You can't apply update packages. 此过程需要一定的时间,但好处是可以尝试最新功能。This process takes time, but the benefit is that you can try out the latest features. 我们网站上的 ASDK 文档反映了最新的发行版。The ASDK documentation on our website reflects the latest release build.

了解可用的服务Learn about available services

你需要了解可以向用户提供哪些服务。You'll need an awareness of which services you can make available to your users. Azure Stack Hub 支持部分 Azure 服务。Azure Stack Hub supports a subset of Azure services. 受支持服务的列表将不断更新。The list of supported services will continue to evolve.

基本服务Foundational services

默认情况下,Azure Stack Hub 在部署时包括以下“基本服务”:By default, Azure Stack Hub includes the following "foundational services" when you deploy Azure Stack Hub:

  • 计算Compute
  • 存储Storage
  • 网络Networking
  • 密钥保管库Key Vault

有了这些基本服务,在向用户提供基础结构即服务 (IaaS) 时就可以尽量减少配置。With these foundational services, you can offer Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) to your users with minimal configuration.

其他服务Additional services

目前,我们支持下述额外的平台即服务 (PaaS) 服务:Currently, we support the following additional Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) services:

  • 应用服务App Service
  • Azure FunctionsAzure Functions
  • SQL 和 MySQL 数据库SQL and MySQL databases
  • Kubernetes(预览版)Kubernetes (in preview)

这些服务在提供给用户之前,需要进行额外的配置。These services require additional configuration before you can make them available to your users. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Azure Stack Hub 操作员文档的“教程”和“操作指南\套餐服务”部分。For more information, see the "Tutorials" and the "How-to guides\Offer services" sections of our Azure Stack Hub operator documentation.

服务路线图Service roadmap

Azure Stack Hub 会持续增加对 Azure 服务的支持。Azure Stack Hub will continue to add support for Azure services. 有关计划的路线图,请参阅 Azure Stack Hub:Azure 的扩展白皮书。For the projected roadmap, see the Azure Stack Hub: An extension of Azure whitepaper. 也可留意 Azure Stack Hub 博客文章中的新公告。You can also monitor the Azure Stack Hub blog posts for new announcements.

我应使用什么帐户?What account should I use?

管理 Azure Stack Hub 时,请注意帐户方面的几个事项。There are a few account considerations to be aware of when managing Azure Stack Hub. 尤其是在使用 Windows Server Active Directory 联合身份验证服务 (AD FS) 而不是 Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) 作为标识提供者的部署中。Especially in deployments using Windows Server Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) as the identity provider instead of Azure Active Directory (Azure AD). 以下帐户注意事项同时适用于 Azure Stack Hub 集成系统和 ASDK 部署:The following account considerations apply to both Azure Stack Hub integrated systems and ASDK deployments:

帐户Account Azure ADAzure AD AD FSAD FS
本地管理员 (.\Administrator)Local Administrator (.\Administrator) ASDK 主机管理员。ASDK host administrator. ASDK 主机管理员。ASDK host administrator.
AzureStack\AzureStackAdminAzureStack\AzureStackAdmin ASDK 主机管理员。ASDK host administrator.

可用于登录到 Azure Stack Hub 管理员门户。Can be used to sign in to the Azure Stack Hub administrator portal.

拥有查看和管理 Service Fabric 环的访问权限。Access to view and administer Service Fabric rings.
ASDK 主机管理员。ASDK host administrator.

无权访问 Azure Stack Hub 管理员门户。No access to the Azure Stack Hub administrator portal.

拥有查看和管理 Service Fabric 环的访问权限。Access to view and administer Service Fabric rings.

不再是默认提供程序订阅 (DPS) 的所有者。No longer owner of the Default Provider Subscription (DPS).
AzureStack\CloudAdminAzureStack\CloudAdmin 可在特权终结点中访问和运行允许的命令。Can access and run permitted commands within the privileged endpoint. 可在特权终结点中访问和运行允许的命令。Can access and run permitted commands within the privileged endpoint.

无法登录到 ASDK 主机。Can't sign in to the ASDK host.

默认提供程序订阅 (DPS) 的所有者。Owner of the Default Provider Subscription (DPS).
Azure AD 全局管理员Azure AD Global Administrator 安装期间使用。Used during installation.

默认提供程序订阅 (DPS) 的所有者。Owner of the Default Provider Subscription (DPS).
不适用。Not applicable.

使用哪些工具进行管理?What tools do I use to manage?

可以使用管理员门户或 PowerShell 来管理 Azure Stack Hub。You can use the administrator portal or PowerShell to manage Azure Stack Hub. 若要了解基本概念,最简单的方式是使用门户。The easiest way to learn the basic concepts is through the portal. 若要使用 PowerShell,则需完成准备步骤。If you want to use PowerShell, there are preparation steps. 开始之前,请先熟悉如何在 Azure Stack Hub 上使用 PowerShell。Before you get started, you might want to get familiar with how PowerShell is used on Azure Stack Hub. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Azure Stack Hub 上的 PowerShell 入门For more information, see Get started with PowerShell on Azure Stack Hub.

Azure Stack Hub 使用 Azure 资源管理器作为其基础的部署、管理和组织机制。Azure Stack Hub uses Azure Resource Manager as its underlying deployment, management, and organization mechanism. 若要管理 Azure Stack Hub 并帮助支持用户,可了解资源管理器。If you're going to manage Azure Stack Hub and help support users, you can learn about Resource Manager. 请参阅 Azure 资源管理器入门白皮书。See the Getting Started with Azure Resource Manager whitepaper.

典型责任Your typical responsibilities

用户需要使用服务,Your users want to use services. 从其角度来看,你的主要角色是向他们提供这些服务。From their perspective, your main role is to make these services available to them. 必须通过创建计划、套餐和配额来确定要提供的具体服务并将这些服务提供给用户。Decide which services to offer, and make those services available by creating plans, offers, and quotas. 有关详细信息,请参阅概述:如何在 Azure Stack Hub 中提供服务For more information, see Overview of offering services in Azure Stack Hub.

还需向 Azure Stack Hub 市场添加项。You'll also need to add items to Azure Stack Hub Marketplace. 最简单的方式是将市场项从 Azure 下载到 Azure Stack HubThe easiest way is to download marketplace items from Azure to Azure Stack Hub.

备注

如需测试计划、套餐和服务,可使用用户门户而不是管理员门户。If you want to test your plans, offers, and services, you can use the user portal; not the administrator portal.

除了提供服务,还必须执行操作员的常规任务,使 Azure Stack Hub 始终能够启动并运行。In addition to providing services, you must do the regular duties of an operator to keep Azure Stack Hub up and running. 这些职责包括以下任务:These duties include the following tasks:

需要告知用户的内容What to tell your users

需要让用户知道如何使用 Azure Stack Hub 中的服务、如何连接到环境,以及如何订阅套餐。You'll need to let your users know how to work with services in Azure Stack Hub, how to connect to the environment, and how to subscribe to offers. 除了根据需要提供用户自定义文档,还可以引导用户访问 Azure Stack Hub 用户文档Besides any custom documentation that you may want to provide your users, you can direct users to Azure Stack Hub User Documentation.

了解如何使用 Azure Stack Hub 中的服务Understand how to work with services in Azure Stack Hub

在 Azure Stack Hub 中使用服务和开发应用之前,用户必须了解某些信息。There's information your users must understand before they use services and build apps in Azure Stack Hub. 例如,必须了解特定的 PowerShell 和 API 版本要求。For example, there are specific PowerShell and API version requirements. 另外,Azure 中的服务与 Azure Stack Hub 中的相应服务存在一些功能差异。Also, there are some feature deltas between a service in Azure and the equivalent service in Azure Stack Hub. 请确保用户参阅以下文章:Make sure that your users review the following articles:

这些文章汇总了 Azure 和 Azure Stack Hub 中的服务差异,The information in these articles summarizes the differences between a service in Azure and Azure Stack Hub. 是对全球 Azure 文档中 Azure 服务的可用信息的补充。It supplements the information that's available for an Azure service in the global Azure documentation.

以用户身份连接到 Azure Stack HubConnect to Azure Stack Hub as a user

在 ASDK 环境中,如果用户未使用远程桌面连接到 ASDK 主机,他们可以配置虚拟专用网络 (VPN) 连接来连接 Azure Stack Hub。In an ASDK environment, if a user doesn't use Remote Desktop to connect to the ASDK host, they can configure a virtual private network (VPN) connection to connect to Azure Stack Hub. 请参阅连接到 Azure Stack HubSee Connect to Azure Stack Hub.

用户需要知道如何访问用户门户,或者如何通过 PowerShell 进行连接。Your users will want to know how to access the user portal or how to connect through PowerShell. 在集成系统环境中,用户门户地址随部署而变。In an integrated systems environment, the user portal address varies per deployment. 需向用户提供正确的 URL。You'll need to provide your users with the correct URL.

如果使用 PowerShell,用户可能需要先注册资源提供程序,然后才能使用服务。If using PowerShell, users may have to register resource providers before they can use services. 资源提供程序用于管理服务。A resource provider manages a service. 例如,网络资源提供程序用于管理虚拟网络、网络接口和负载均衡器之类的资源。For example, the networking resource provider manages resources like virtual networks, network interfaces, and load balancers. 用户必须安装 PowerShell,下载更多的模块,然后配置 PowerShell(包括资源提供程序注册)。They must install PowerShell, download additional modules, and configure PowerShell (which includes resource provider registration).

订阅套餐Subscribe to an offer

在使用服务之前,用户必须订阅套餐,该产品/服务是你以操作员身份创建的。Before a user can use services, they must subscribe to an offer that you've created as an operator.

从何处获取支持Where to get support

备注

若要查找旧版 Azure Stack Hub(1905 之前)的支持信息,请参阅旧版 Azure Stack Hub(1905 之前)的帮助和支持To find support information for earlier releases of Azure Stack Hub (pre-1905), see Help and Support for earlier releases Azure Stack Hub (pre-1905).

集成系统Integrated systems

对于集成系统,Azure 和我们的原始设备制造商 (OEM) 硬件合作伙伴之间已经建立了协作的问题升级和解决流程。For an integrated system, there's a coordinated escalation and resolution process between Azure and our original equipment manufacturer (OEM) hardware partners.

如果存在云服务问题,请通过 Azure 支持寻求支持。If there's a cloud services issue, support is offered through Azure Support. 若要创建支持请求,请选择管理员门户右上角的帮助和支持图标(问号)。To open a support request, select the help and support icon (question mark) in the upper-right corner of the administrator portal. 接着选择“帮助 + 支持”,然后选择“支持”部分下面的“新建支持请求”。 Then select Help + support and then New support request under the Support section.

如果存在部署问题、修补和更新问题、硬件(包括现场可更换部件)问题,或任何硬件品牌软件(例如在硬件生命周期主机上运行的软件)问题,请首先联系 OEM 硬件供应商。If there's an issue with deployment, patch and update, hardware (including field replaceable units), or any hardware-branded software, like software running on the hardware lifecycle host, contact your OEM hardware vendor first.

至于其他问题,请联系 Azure 支持。For anything else, contact Azure Support.

Azure Stack 开发工具包 (ASDK)Azure Stack Development Kit (ASDK)

对于 ASDK,可以在 Microsoft 论坛中提出与支持相关的问题。For the ASDK, you can ask support-related questions in the Microsoft forums. 若要访问论坛,请选择管理员门户右上角的“帮助和支持”图标(问号),然后选择“帮助 + 支持”,再选择“支持”部分下面的“MSDN 论坛”。 To get to the forums, select the Help and support icon (question mark) in the upper-right corner of the administrator portal, then select Help + support, and then select MSDN Forums under the Support section. 我们会定期关注这些论坛。These forums are regularly monitored. 由于 ASDK 是一个评估环境,因此我们不会通过 Azure CSS 提供官方支持。Because the ASDK is an evaluation environment, there's no official support offered through Azure CSS.

后续步骤Next steps

Azure Stack Hub 中的区域管理Region management in Azure Stack Hub