在 Azure Stack Hub 中使用管理员门户Use the administrator portal in Azure Stack Hub

Azure Stack Hub 中有两种门户:管理员门户和用户门户。There are two portals in Azure Stack Hub: the administrator portal and the user portal. Azure Stack Hub 操作员使用管理员门户进行日常的 Azure Stack Hub 管理和操作。As an Azure Stack Hub operator, you use the administrator portal for day-to-day management and operations of Azure Stack Hub.

访问管理员门户Access the administrator portal

若要访问管理员门户,请浏览到门户 URL,然后使用 Azure Stack Hub 操作员凭据登录。To access the administrator portal, browse to the portal URL and sign in by using your Azure Stack Hub operator credentials. 对于集成系统,门户 URL 因 Azure Stack Hub 部署的区域名称和外部完全限定域名 (FQDN) 而异。For an integrated system, the portal URL varies based on the region name and external fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of your Azure Stack Hub deployment. Azure Stack 开发工具包 (ASDK) 部署的管理员门户 URL 始终是相同的。The administrator portal URL is always the same for Azure Stack Development Kit (ASDK) deployments.

环境Environment 管理员门户 URLAdministrator Portal URL
ASDKASDK https://adminportal.local.azurestack.external
集成系统Integrated systems https://adminportal.<region>.<FQDN>https://adminportal.<region>.<FQDN>

提示

对于 ASDK 环境,首先需确保可以通过远程桌面连接或虚拟专用网络 (VPN) 连接到开发工具包主机For an ASDK environment, you need to first make sure that you can connect to the development kit host through Remote Desktop Connection or through a virtual private network (VPN).

Azure Stack Hub 管理员门户

所有 Azure Stack Hub 部署的默认时区都设置为协调世界时 (UTC)。The default time zone for all Azure Stack Hub deployments is set to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

在管理员门户中,可以执行如下所述的操作:In the administrator portal, you can do things like:

“快速入门教程”磁贴提供最常见任务的联机文档链接。The Quickstart tutorial tile provides links to online documentation for the most common tasks.

尽管操作员可在管理员门户中创建虚拟机 (VM)、虚拟网络和存储帐户等资源,但应该登录到用户门户来创建和测试资源。Although an operator can create resources such as virtual machines (VMs), virtual networks, and storage accounts in the administrator portal, you should sign in to the user portal to create and test resources.

备注

使用快速入门教程磁贴中的“创建虚拟机”链接可在管理员门户中创建 VM,但这只是用于验证 Azure Stack Hub 部署是否成功。The Create a virtual machine link in the quickstart tutorial tile has you create a VM in the administrator portal, but this is only intended to validate that Azure Stack Hub has been deployed successfully.

了解订阅行为Understand subscription behavior

默认会在管理员门户中创建三个订阅:消耗、默认提供者和计量。There are three subscriptions created by default in the administrator portal: consumption, default provider, and metering. 操作员主要使用“默认提供者订阅”。As an operator, you'll mostly use the Default Provider Subscription. 无法添加其他订阅并在管理员门户中使用它们。You can't add any other subscriptions and use them in the administrator portal.

用户可以在用户门户中根据你为他们创建的计划和套餐创建其他订阅。Other subscriptions are created by users in the user portal based on the plans and offers you create for them. 但是,在用户门户中无法访问管理员门户的任何管理或操作功能。However, the user portal doesn't provide access to any of the administrative or operational capabilities of the administrator portal.

管理员门户和用户门户基于 Azure 资源管理器的独立实例。The administrator and user portals are backed by separate instances of Azure Resource Manager. 由于 Azure 资源管理器的分隔性,订阅不会跨门户。Because of this Azure Resource Manager separation, subscriptions don't cross portals. 例如,如果以 Azure Stack Hub 操作员的身份登录到用户门户,则无法访问默认提供商订阅。For example, if you, as an Azure Stack Hub operator, sign in to the user portal, you can't access the Default Provider Subscription. 虽然无法访问任何管理功能,但你可以通过提供的公共套餐为自己创建订阅。Although you don't have access to any administrative functions, you can create subscriptions for yourself from available public offers. 只要你登录到用户门户,系统就会将你视为租户用户。As long as you're signed in to the user portal, you're considered a tenant user.

备注

在 ASDK 环境中,如果某个用户与 Azure Stack Hub 操作员属于同一个租户目录,则系统不会阻止他们登录到管理员门户。In an ASDK environment, if a user belongs to the same tenant directory as the Azure Stack Hub operator, they're not blocked from signing in to the administrator portal. 但是,他们无法访问任何管理功能,或者添加订阅来访问用户门户中可供他们使用的套餐。However, they can't access any of the administrative functions or add subscriptions to access offers that are available to them in the user portal.

管理员门户提示Administrator portal tips

自定义仪表板Customize the dashboard

仪表板包含一组默认磁贴。The dashboard contains a set of default tiles. 可以选择“编辑仪表板”来修改默认仪表板,或者选择“新建仪表板”来添加自定义仪表板。You can select Edit dashboard to modify the default dashboard, or select New dashboard to add a custom dashboard. 也可将磁贴添加到仪表板中。You can also add tiles to a dashboard. 例如,选择“+ 创建资源”,右键单击“套餐 + 计划”,然后选择“固定到仪表板”。 For example, select + Create a resource, right-click Offers + Plans, and then select Pin to dashboard.

有时可能会在门户中看到空白的仪表板。Sometimes, you might see a blank dashboard in the portal. 若要恢复仪表板,请单击“编辑仪表板”,然后单击右键并选择“重置为默认状态”。 To recover the dashboard, click Edit Dashboard, and then right-click and select Reset to default state.

快速访问联机文档Quick access to online documentation

若要访问 Azure Stack Hub 操作员文档,请使用管理员门户右上角的“帮助和支持”图标(问号)。To access the Azure Stack Hub operator documentation, use the help and support icon (question mark) in the upper-right corner of the administrator portal. 将鼠标移至该图标,然后选择“帮助 + 支持”。Move your cursor to the icon, and then select Help + support.

快速访问帮助和支持内容Quick access to help and support

如果单击管理员门户右上角的“帮助”图标(问号),单击“帮助 + 支持”,然后单击“支持”下的“新建支持请求”,则会出现以下结果之一:If you click the help icon (question mark) in the upper-right corner of the administrator portal, click Help + support, and then click New support request under Support, one of the following results happens:

  • 如果使用的是集成系统,此操作会打开一个站点,可在其中直接向 Azure 支持提交支持票证。If you're using an integrated system, this action opens a site where you can directly open a support ticket with Azure Support. 若要了解何时应该获取 Azure 支持或原始设备制造商 (OEM) 硬件供应商支持,请参阅在何处获取支持Refer to Where to get support to understand when you should go through Azure support or through your original equipment manufacturer (OEM) hardware vendor support.
  • 如果使用的是 ASDK,则此操作会直接打开 Azure Stack Hub 论坛站点If you're using the ASDK, this action opens the Azure Stack Hub forums site directly. 我们会定期关注这些论坛。These forums are regularly monitored. 由于 ASDK 是一个评估环境,因此我们不会通过 Azure 支持提供官方支持。Because the ASDK is an evaluation environment, there's no official support offered through Azure Support.

后续步骤Next steps

将 Azure Stack Hub 注册到 Azure,并使用提供给用户的项填充 Azure Stack Hub 市场Register Azure Stack Hub with Azure and populate Azure Stack Hub Marketplace with items to offer your users.