使用 Azure 备份服务器将 Exchange Server 备份到 AzureBack up an Exchange server to Azure with Azure Backup Server

本文说明如何配置 Microsoft Azure 备份服务器 (MABS),将 Microsoft Exchange Server 备份到 Azure。This article describes how to configure Microsoft Azure Backup Server (MABS) to back up a Microsoft Exchange server to Azure.

先决条件Prerequisites

在继续之前,请确保 Azure 备份服务器已安装且已准备好Before you continue, make sure that Azure Backup Server is installed and prepared.

MABS 保护代理MABS protection agent

若要在 Exchange Server 上安装 MABS 保护代理,请遵循以下步骤:To install the MABS protection agent on the Exchange server, follow these steps:

  1. 确保已正确配置防火墙。Make sure that the firewalls are correctly configured. 请参阅配置代理的防火墙异常See Configure firewall exceptions for the agent.
  2. 通过在 MABS 管理员控制台中单击“管理”>“代理”>“安装”,在 Exchange Server 上安装代理。Install the agent on the Exchange server by clicking Management > Agents > Install in MABS Administrator Console. 有关详细步骤,请参阅安装 MABS 保护代理See Install the MABS protection agent for detailed steps.

为 Exchange Server 创建保护组Create a protection group for the Exchange server

  1. 在 MABS 管理员控制台中,单击“保护”,并单击工具功能区上的“新建”,打开“新建保护组”向导。In the MABS Administrator Console, click Protection, and then click New on the tool ribbon to open the Create New Protection Group wizard.

  2. 在向导的“欢迎”屏幕上单击“下一步”。On the Welcome screen of the wizard, click Next.

  3. 在“选择保护组类型”屏幕上,选择“服务器”并单击“下一步”。On the Select protection group type screen, select Servers and click Next.

  4. 选择想要保护的 Exchange Server 数据库,并单击“下一步”。Select the Exchange server database that you want to protect and click Next.

    备注

    如果要保护 Exchange 2013,请检查 Exchange 2013 先决条件If you are protecting Exchange 2013, check the Exchange 2013 prerequisites.

    下例中选择了Exchange 2010 数据库。In the following example, the Exchange 2010 database is selected.

    选择组成员

  5. 选择数据保护方法。Select the data protection method.

    为保护组命名,并选择以下两个选项:Name the protection group, and then select both of the following options:

    • 我想要使用磁盘提供短期保护。I want short-term protection using Disk.
    • 我想要使用在线保护。I want online protection.
  6. 单机“下一步”Click Next.

  7. 如果想要检查 Exchange Server 数据库的完整性,请选择“运行 Eseutil 以检查数据完整性”选项。Select the Run Eseutil to check data integrity option if you want to check the integrity of the Exchange Server databases.

    选择此选项后,MABS 会运行备份一致性检查,以避免由于在 Exchange 服务器上运行 eseutil 命令而产生的 I/O 流量。After you select this option, backup consistency checking will be run on MABS to avoid the I/O traffic that's generated by running the eseutil command on the Exchange server.

    备注

    要使用此选项,必须将 Ese.dll 和 Eseutil.exe 文件复制到 MAB 服务器上的 C:\Program Files\Microsoft Azure Backup\DPM\DPM\bin 目录中。To use this option, you must copy the Ese.dll and Eseutil.exe files to the C:\Program Files\Microsoft Azure Backup\DPM\DPM\bin directory on the MAB server. 否则会触发以下错误:Otherwise, the following error is triggered:
    eseutil 错误eseutil error

  8. 单击“下一步”。Click Next.

  9. 选择“复制备份”的数据库,并单击“下一步”。Select the database for Copy Backup, and then click Next.

    备注

    如果未针对数据库的至少一个 DAG 副本选择“完全备份”,则不会截断日志。If you do not select "Full backup" for at least one DAG copy of a database, logs will not be truncated.

  10. 配置“短期备份”的目标,并单击“下一步”。Configure the goals for Short-Term backup, and then click Next.

  11. 检查可用磁盘空间,并单击“下一步”。Review the available disk space, and then click Next.

  12. 选择 MABS 服务器将创建初始复制的时间,并单击“下一步”。Select the time at which the MABS Server will create the initial replication, and then click Next.

  13. 选择一致性检查选项,并单击“下一步”。Select the consistency check options, and then click Next.

  14. 选择要备份到 Azure 数据库,并单击“下一步”。Choose the database that you want to back up to Azure, and then click Next. 例如:For example:

    指定在线保护数据

  15. 定义“Azure 备份”的计划,并单击“下一步”。Define the schedule for Azure Backup, and then click Next. 例如:For example:

    指定联机备份计划

    备注

    请注意,在线恢复点基于快速完全恢复点。Note Online recovery points are based on express full recovery points. 因此,必须将在线恢复点安排在针对快速完全恢复点指定的时间之后。Therefore, you must schedule the online recovery point after the time that's specified for the express full recovery point.

  16. 配置“Azure 备份”的保留策略,并单击“下一步”。Configure the retention policy for Azure Backup, and then click Next.

  17. 选择在线复制选项并单击“下一步”。Choose an online replication option and click Next.

    如果有大型数据库,通过网络创建初始备份所需的时间会很长。If you have a large database, it could take a long time for the initial backup to be created over the network. 可以通过创建脱机备份避免此问题。To avoid this issue, you can create an offline backup.

    指定联机保留策略

  18. 确认设置,并单击“创建组”。Confirm the settings, and then click Create Group.

  19. 单击“关闭”。Click Close.

恢复 Exchange 数据库Recover the Exchange database

  1. 若要恢复 Exchange 数据库,请在 MABS 管理员控制台中单击“恢复”。To recover an Exchange database, click Recovery in the MABS Administrator Console.
  2. 找到要恢复的 Exchange 数据库。Locate the Exchange database that you want to recover.
  3. 从“恢复时间”下拉列表中选择在线恢复点。Select an online recovery point from the recovery time drop-down list.
  4. 单击“恢复”启动“恢复向导”。Click Recover to start the Recovery Wizard.

在线恢复点有五种恢复类型:For online recovery points, there are five recovery types:

  • 恢复到原始 Exchange 服务器位置: 数据将恢复到原始 Exchange 服务器。Recover to original Exchange Server location: The data will be recovered to the original Exchange server.

  • 恢复到 Exchange 服务器上的另一个数据库: 数据将恢复到另一台 Exchange 服务器上的另一个数据库。Recover to another database on an Exchange Server: The data will be recovered to another database on another Exchange server.

  • 恢复到恢复数据库: 数据将恢复到 Exchange 恢复数据库 (RDB)。Recover to a Recovery Database: The data will be recovered to an Exchange Recovery Database (RDB).

  • 复制到网络文件夹: 数据将恢复到网络文件夹。Copy to a network folder: The data will be recovered to a network folder.

  • 复制到磁带: 如果 MABS 上附加并配置了磁带库或独立的磁带驱动器,则恢复点将复制到可用的磁带。Copy to tape: If you have a tape library or a stand-alone tape drive attached and configured on MABS, the recovery point will be copied to a free tape.

    选择在线复制

后续步骤Next steps