使用备份资源管理器监视备份Monitor your backups with Backup Explorer

随着组织在云中备份的计算机不断增多,有效监视这些备份就变得越发重要。As organizations back up more and more machines to the cloud, it becomes increasingly important to monitor these backups efficiently. 开始进行这种监视的最佳方式是在一个中心位置查看整个大型资产的运行信息。The best way to begin is to use a central location for viewing operational information across a large estate.

备份资源管理器是一个内置的 Azure Monitor 工作簿,可为 Azure 备份客户提供这种单一中心位置。Backup Explorer is a built-in Azure Monitor workbook that gives Azure Backup customers this single, central location. 备份资源管理器可帮助你跨租户、位置、订阅、资源组和保管库监视 Azure 中的整个“备份”资产的运行活动。Backup Explorer helps you monitor operational activities across the entire Backup estate on Azure, spanning tenants, locations, subscriptions, resource groups, and vaults. 从广义上讲,备份资源管理器提供以下功能:Broadly, Backup Explorer provides the following capabilities:

  • 大规模透视图:获取整个资产中备份项、作业、警报、策略以及尚未配置为要进行备份的资源的聚合视图。At-scale perspective: Get an aggregated view of the backup items, jobs, alerts, policies, and resources that aren't yet configured for backup across the entire estate.
  • 下钻式分析:在一个位置显示有关每个作业、警报、策略和备份项的详细信息。Drill-down analysis: Display detailed information about each of your jobs, alerts, policies, and backup items, all in one place.
  • 可操作的接口:确定问题后,可以无缝转到相关备份项或 Azure 资源来解决该问题。Actionable interfaces: After you identify an issue, you can resolve it by going seamlessly to the relevant backup item or Azure resource.

与 Azure Resource Graph 和 Azure Monitor 工作簿的原生集成直接提供了这些功能。These capabilities are provided out-of-box by native integration with Azure Resource Graph and Azure Monitor workbooks.

备注

  • 备份资源管理器目前仅适用于 Azure 虚拟机 (VM) 数据。Backup Explorer is currently available only for Azure virtual machines (VMs) data.
  • 备份资源管理器充当一个操作仪表板,可用于查看有关备份在过去 7 天(最长时间)的信息。Backup Explorer is meant to be an operational dashboard for viewing information about your backups over the last 7 days (maximum).
  • 国家/地区云目前不支持备份资源管理器。Backup Explorer is currently not supported in national clouds.
  • 目前不支持自定义备份资源管理器模板。Currently, customizing the Backup Explorer template is not supported.
  • 我们不建议针对 Azure Resource Graph 数据编写自定义的自动化程序。We do not recommend writing custom automations on Azure Resource Graph data.

入门Get started

可以通过转到任一恢复服务保管库,并在“概述”窗格中选择“备份资源管理器”链接,来访问备份资源管理器。 You can access Backup Explorer by going to any of your Recovery Services vaults and selecting the Backup Explorer link in the Overview pane.

保管库快速链接

选择此链接会打开备份资源管理器,其中提供了你有权访问的所有保管库和订阅的聚合视图。Selecting the link opens Backup Explorer, which provides an aggregated view across all the vaults and subscriptions that you have access to. 如果你使用 Azure Lighthouse 帐户,则可以查看你有权访问的所有租户的数据。If you're using an Azure Lighthouse account, you can view data across all the tenants that you have access to. 有关详细信息,请参阅本文末尾的“跨租户视图”部分。For more information, see the "Cross-tenant views" section at the end of this article.

备份资源管理器登陆页

备份资源管理器用例Backup Explorer use cases

备份资源管理器显示多个选项卡,每个选项卡提供有关特定备份项目(例如备份项、作业或策略)的详细信息。Backup Explorer displays multiple tabs, each providing detailed information about a specific backup artifact (for example, a backup item, job, or policy). 本部分提供其中每个选项卡的简要概述。This section provides a brief overview of each of the tabs.

“摘要”选项卡The Summary tab

“摘要”选项卡提供备份资产整体状况的概览。The Summary tab provides a quick glance at the overall condition of your backup estate. 例如,可以查看受保护的项数、尚未启用保护的项数,或者过去 24 小时成功的作业数。For example, you can view the number of items being protected, the number of items for which protection hasn't been enabled, or how many jobs were successful in the last 24 hours.

“备份项”选项卡The Backup Items tab

可按订阅、保管库及其他特征筛选和查看每个备份项。You can filter and view each of your backup items by subscription, vault, and other characteristics. 选择备份项的名称可以打开该项的“Azure”窗格。By selecting the name of a backup item, you can open the Azure pane for that item. 例如,在该表格中,你可能已注意到项“X”的上次备份失败。选择“X”可以打开该项的“备份”窗格,可在其中触发按需备份操作。For example, from the table, you might observe that the last backup failed for item X. By selecting X, you can open the item's Backup pane, where you can trigger an on-demand backup operation.

“作业”选项卡The Jobs tab

选择“作业”选项卡可以查看过去 7 天触发的所有作业的详细信息。Select the Jobs tab to view the details of all the jobs that were triggered over the last 7 days. 在此处,可按“作业操作”、“作业状态”和“错误代码”(对于失败的作业)进行筛选。 Here, you can filter by Job Operation, Job Status, and Error Code (for failed jobs).

“警报”选项卡The Alerts tab

选择“警报”选项卡可以查看过去 7 天针对保管库生成的所有警报的详细信息。Select the Alerts tab to view details of all alerts that were generated on your vaults over the last 7 days. 可按类型(“备份失败”或“还原失败”)、当前状态(“活动”或“已解决”)、严重性(“严重”、“警告”或“信息”)筛选警报。 You can filter alerts by type (Backup Failure or Restore Failure), current status (Active or Resolved), and severity (Critical, Warning, or Information). 还可以选择相应的链接转到 Azure VM 并采取任何必要措施。You can also select a link to go the Azure VM and take any necessary action.

“策略”选项卡The Policies tab

可以选择“策略”选项卡查看有关在整个备份资产中创建的所有备份策略的重要信息。You can select the Policies tab to view key information about all the backup policies that have been created across your backup estate. 可以查看与每个策略关联的项数,以及策略指定的保留期范围和备份频率。You can view the number of items associated with each policy, along with the retention range and backup frequency specified by the policy.

“未启用备份”选项卡The Backup Not Enabled tab

应为需要保护的所有计算机启用备份。Backup should be enabled for all machines that require protection. 借助备份资源管理器,备份管理员可以快速识别组织中的哪些计算机尚未通过备份进行保护。With Backup Explorer, backup administrators can quickly identify which machines in an organization are not yet protected by backup. 若要查看此信息,请选择“未启用备份”选项卡。To view this information, select the Backup Not Enabled tab.

“未启用备份”窗格中会显示一个表格,其中列出了未受保护的计算机。The Backup Not Enabled pane displays a table with a list of unprotected machines. 组织可将不同的标记分配到生产计算机和测试计算机,或者分配到提供多种功能的计算机。Your organization might assign different tags to production machines and test machines, or to machines that serve a variety of functions. 由于每类计算机需要不同的备份策略,因此按标记进行筛选有助于查看特定于每台计算机的信息。Because each class of machines needs a separate backup policy, filtering by tags helps you view information that's specific to each. 选择任一计算机的名称会重定向到该计算机的“配置备份”窗格,在其中可以选择应用适当的备份策略。Selecting the name of any machine redirects you to that machine's Configure Backup pane, where you can choose to apply an appropriate backup policy.

导出到 ExcelExport to Excel

可将任何表或图表的内容导出为 Excel 电子表格。You can export the contents of any table or chart as an Excel spreadsheet. 内容将按原样导出,并应用现有的筛选器。The contents are exported as is, with your existing filters applied. 若要导出更多表行,可以使用每个选项卡顶部的“每页行数”下拉列表,增加要在页面上显示的行数。To export additional table rows, you can increase the number of rows to be displayed on the page by using the Rows Per Page drop-down list at the top of each tab.

固定到仪表板Pin to the dashboard

可以选择每个表或图表顶部的“固定”图标,将该表或图表固定到 Azure 门户仪表板。You can select the "pin" icon at the top of each table or chart to pin it to your Azure portal dashboard. 固定此信息有助于创建一个定制的仪表板来显示对你而言最重要的信息。Pinning this information helps you create a customized dashboard that's tailored to display the information that's most important to you.

后续步骤Next steps

了解如何使用 Azure Monitor 获取有关备份数据的见解Learn how to use Azure Monitor for getting insights on your backup data