Azure 认可的 Linux 分发版Endorsed Linux distributions on Azure

合作伙伴在 Azure 市场中提供了 Linux 映像。Partners provide Linux images in Azure Marketplace. Azure 与各大 Linux 社区合作以便在认可的发行版列表中添加更多成员。Azure works with various Linux communities to add even more flavors to the Endorsed Distribution list. 对于市场未提供的分发,用户始终可以按照创建并上传包含 Linux 操作系统的虚拟硬盘中的准则安装自己的 Linux。For distributions that are not available from the Marketplace, you can always bring your own Linux by following the guidelines at Create and upload a virtual hard disk that contains the Linux operating system.

支持的发行版和版本Supported distributions and versions

下表列出了 Azure 支持的 Linux 分发和版本。The following table lists the Linux distributions and versions that are supported on Azure. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Azure 中对 Linux 映像的支持For more information, see Support for Linux images in Azure.

Hyper-V 和 Azure 的 Linux 集成服务 (LIS) 驱动程序是 Microsoft 直接为上游 Linux 内核提供的内核模块。The Linux Integration Services (LIS) drivers for Hyper-V and Azure are kernel modules that Microsoft contributes directly to the upstream Linux kernel. 默认情况下,某些 LIS 驱动程序已内置在发行版的内核中。Some LIS drivers are built into the distribution's kernel by default. 适用于 Hyper-V 和 Azure 的 Linux Integration Services 版本 4.2 中提供了基于 CentOS 的旧式发行版供单独下载。Older distributions that are based on CentOS are available as a separate download at Linux Integration Services Version 4.2 for Hyper-V and Azure. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Linux 内核要求For more information, see Linux kernel requirements.

Azure Linux 代理已预安装在 Azure 市场映像中,通常可从分发的包存储库中获得。The Azure Linux Agent is already pre-installed on Azure Marketplace images and is typically available from the distribution's package repository. 源代码可在 GitHub上找到。Source code can be found on GitHub.

分发Distribution 版本Version 驱动程序Drivers AgentAgent
由 Rogue Wave 软件提供的 CentOSCentOS by Rogue Wave Software CentOS 6.x、7.x、8.xCentOS 6.x, 7.x, 8.x CentOS 6.3:LIS 下载CentOS 6.3: LIS download

CentOS 6.4+:在内核中CentOS 6.4+: In kernel

包:在“WALinuxAgent”下的存储库Package: In repo under "WALinuxAgent"
源代码:GitHubSource code: GitHub
CoreOSCoreOS

从 2020 年 5 月 26 日开始,CoreOS 已处于生命周期终止状态。CoreOS is now end of life as of May 26, 2020.

不再可用No Longer Available
由 Credativ 提供的 DebianDebian by Credativ 8.x、9.x8.x, 9.x 在内核中In kernel 包:在“waagent”下的存储库中Package: In repo under "waagent"
源代码:GitHubSource code: GitHub
由 Kinvolk 提供的 Flatcar Container LinuxFlatcar Container Linux by Kinvolk Stable、EdgeStable, Edge
由 SUSE 提供的 SUSE Linux EnterpriseSUSE Linux Enterprise by SUSE SLES/SLES for SAP 11.x、12.x、15.xSLES/SLES for SAP 11.x, 12.x, 15.x
SUSE 公有云映像生命周期SUSE Public Cloud Image Lifecycle
在内核中In kernel 包:Package:

对于 11,在 Cloud:Tools 存储库中for 11 in Cloud:Tools repo
对于 12,包含在“公有云”模块中的“python-azure-agent”下for 12 included in "Public Cloud" Module under "python-azure-agent"
源代码:GitHubSource code: GitHub

由 SUSE 提供的 openSUSEopenSUSE by SUSE openSUSE Leap 15.xopenSUSE Leap 15.x 在内核中In kernel 包:在“python-azure-agent”下的 Cloud:Tools 存储库中Package: In Cloud:Tools repo under "python-azure-agent"
源代码:GitHubSource code: GitHub
由 Canonical 提供的 UbuntuUbuntu by Canonical Ubuntu Server 和 Pro。Ubuntu Server and Pro. 16.x、18.x、20.x16.x, 18.x, 20.x

对 Ubuntu 12.04 和 14.04 的扩展支持有关的信息可在此处找到:Ubuntu 扩展安全维护Information about extended support for Ubuntu 12.04 and 14.04 can be found here: Ubuntu Extended Security Maintenance.

在内核中In kernel 包:在“walinuxagent”下的存储库中Package: In repo under "walinuxagent"
源代码:GitHubSource code: GitHub

映像的更新节奏Image update cadence

Azure 要求受认可 Linux 分发版的发布者在每个季度或以更快的节奏,定期使用最新修补程序和安全修复程序,更新其在 Azure 市场中的映像。Azure requires that the publishers of the endorsed Linux distributions regularly update their images in Azure Marketplace with the latest patches and security fixes, at a quarterly or faster cadence. 在市场中更新的映像将自动以新版映像 SKU 的形式提供给客户使用。Updated images in the Marketplace are available automatically to customers as new versions of an image SKU. 有关如何查找 Linux 映像的详细信息:在 Azure 市场中查找 Linux VM 映像More information about how to find Linux images: Find Linux VM images in Azure Marketplace.

Azure 优化的内核Azure-tuned kernels

Azure 与众多认可的 Linux 分发商密切合作,以优化他们在 Azure 市场中发布的映像。Azure works closely with various endorsed Linux distributions to optimize the images that they published to Azure Marketplace. 这种协作的一个方面体现在:开发针对 Azure 平台优化的 Linux 内核,并以完全受支持组件的形式交付 Linux 分发版。One aspect of this collaboration is the development of "tuned" Linux kernels that are optimized for the Azure platform and delivered as fully supported components of the Linux distribution. Azure 优化的内核整合了新的功能和性能改进,并且与分发版中提供的默认或常规内核相比,其发布节奏更快(通常每季度发布一次)。The Azure-Tuned kernels incorporate new features and performance improvements, and at a faster (typically quarterly) cadence compared to the default or generic kernels that are available from the distribution.

在大多数情况下,你会发现这些内核已预装在 Azure 市场中的默认映像内,因此客户可以立即获得这些优化内核的优势。In most cases, you will find these kernels pre-installed on the default images in Azure Marketplace so customers will immediately get the benefit of these optimized kernels. 可在以下链接中找到有关这些 Azure 优化内核的详细信息:More information about these Azure-Tuned kernels can be found in the following links:

合作伙伴Partners

CoreOSCoreOS

CoreOS 计划于 2020 年 5 月 26 日结束之前进入生命周期结束状态。CoreOS is scheduled to be end of life by May 26, 2020. Microsoft 为 CoreOS 用户提供了两 (2) 个迁移通道。Microsoft has two (2) channels of migration for CoreOS users.

  • 由 Kinvolk 提供的 Flatcar(请参阅“由 Kinvolk 提供的 Flatcar Container Linux”条目。)Flatcar by Kinvolk (see the "Flatcar Container Linux by Kinvolk" entry.)
  • Fedora Core OS(客户必须上传自己的映像。Fedora Core OS (customers must upload their own image. 以下是迁移文档)。Here is the migration documentation).

CredativCredativ

https://www.credativ.co.uk/credativ-blog/debian-images-microsoft-azure

Credativ 是一家独立的咨询和服务公司,致力于通过免费软件开发和实施专业解决方案。Credativ is an independent consulting and services company that specializes in the development and implementation of professional solutions by using free software. Credativ 是获得国际认可的开源领域专业先行者,为许多公司的 IT 部门提供支持。As leading open-source specialists, Credativ has international recognition with many IT departments that use their support. Credativ 与 Azure 合作,目前正在为 Debian 8 (Jessie) 以及 Debian 7 (Wheezy) 之前的版本准备相应的 Debian 映像。In conjunction with Azure, Credativ is currently preparing corresponding Debian images for Debian 8 (Jessie) and Debian before 7 (Wheezy). 这些映像经过专门的设计,可以在 Azure 上运行并可通过该平台轻松进行管理。Both images are specially designed to run on Azure and can be easily managed via the platform. Credativ 还会通过其开源支持中心为 Azure 的 Debian 映像的维护和更新提供长期支持。Credativ will also support the long-term maintenance and updating of the Debian images for Azure through its Open Source Support Centers.

SUSESUSE

https://www.suse.com/suse-linux-enterprise-server-on-azure

Azure 上的 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 是一个已验证的平台,该平台为云计算提供了高级可靠性和安全性。SUSE Linux Enterprise Server on Azure is a proven platform that provides superior reliability and security for cloud computing. SUSE 的通用 Linux 平台可与 Azure 云服务无缝集成,以便交付易于管理的云环境。SUSE's versatile Linux platform seamlessly integrates with Azure cloud services to deliver an easily manageable cloud environment. 借助 1,800 多个独立软件供应商提供的适用于 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 的 9,200 多个认证应用程序,SUSE 可确保满怀信心地在 Azure 上部署数据中心内支持的运行负载。With more than 9,200 certified applications from more than 1,800 independent software vendors for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, SUSE ensures that workloads running supported in the data center can be confidently deployed on Azure.

CanonicalCanonical

https://www.ubuntu.com/cloud/azure

Canonical 工程和开放社区监管对 Ubuntu 在客户端、服务器和云计算(包括用户的个人云服务)方面获得成功起到了推动作用。Canonical engineering and open community governance drive Ubuntu's success in client, server, and cloud computing, which includes personal cloud services for consumers. Canonical 期望使用 Ubuntu 开发一个统一的免费平台(从手机到云),为手机、平板电脑、电视和台式机提供一致的接口系列。Canonical's vision of a unified, free platform in Ubuntu, from phone to cloud, provides a family of coherent interfaces for the phone, tablet, TV, and desktop. 这个愿景使得 Ubuntu 成为各种机构(从公有云提供商到消费类电子产品制造商)的首选以及各个技术专家的最爱。This vision makes Ubuntu the first choice for diverse institutions from public cloud providers to the makers of consumer electronics and a favorite among individual technologists.

借助其遍布全球的开发人员和工程中心,Canonical 在与硬件制造商、内容提供商和软件开发人员合作以将 Ubuntu 解决方案推向市场(从电脑到服务器和手持设备)方面拥有独特的优势。With developers and engineering centers around the world, Canonical is uniquely positioned to partner with hardware makers, content providers, and software developers to bring Ubuntu solutions to market for PCs, servers, and handheld devices.