Troubleshoot error: "Azure Functions Runtime is unreachable"

This article helps you troubleshoot the following error string that appears in the Azure portal:

"Error: Azure Functions Runtime is unreachable. Click here for details on storage configuration."

This issue occurs when the Functions runtime can't start. The most common reason for this is that the function app has lost access to its storage account. For more information, see Storage account requirements.

The rest of this article helps you troubleshoot specific causes of this error, including how to identify and resolve each case.

Storage account was deleted

Every function app requires a storage account to operate. If that account is deleted, your functions won't work.

Start by looking up your storage account name in your application settings. Either AzureWebJobsStorage or WEBSITE_CONTENTAZUREFILECONNECTIONSTRING contains the name of your storage account as part of a connection string. For more information, see App settings reference for Azure Functions.

Search for your storage account in the Azure portal to see whether it still exists. If it has been deleted, re-create the storage account and replace your storage connection strings. Your function code is lost, and you need to redeploy it.

Storage account application settings were deleted

In the preceding step, if you can't find a storage account connection string, it was likely deleted or overwritten. Deleting application settings most commonly happens when you're using deployment slots or Azure Resource Manager scripts to set application settings.

Required application settings

For more information, see App settings reference for Azure Functions.

Guidance

  • Don't check slot setting for any of these settings. If you swap deployment slots, the function app breaks.
  • Don't modify these settings as part of automated deployments.
  • These settings must be provided and valid at creation time. An automated deployment that doesn't contain these settings results in a function app that won't run, even if the settings are added later.

Storage account credentials are invalid

The previously discussed storage account connection strings must be updated if you regenerate storage keys. For more information about storage key management, see Create an Azure Storage account.

Storage account is inaccessible

Your function app must be able to access the storage account. Common issues that block a function app's access to a storage account are:

Daily execution quota is full

If you have a daily execution quota configured, your function app is temporarily disabled, which causes many of the portal controls to become unavailable.

To verify the quota in the Azure portal, select Platform Features > Function App Settings in your function app. If you're over the Daily Usage Quota you've set, the following message is displayed:

"The Function App has reached daily usage quota and has been stopped until the next 24 hours time frame."

To resolve this issue, remove or increase the daily quota, and then restart your app. Otherwise, the execution of your app is blocked until the next day.

App is behind a firewall

Your function app might be unreachable for either of the following reasons:

The Azure portal makes calls directly to the running app to fetch the list of functions, and it makes HTTP calls to the Kudu endpoint. Platform-level settings under the Platform Features tab are still available.

To verify your ASE configuration:

  1. Go to the network security group (NSG) of the subnet where the ASE resides.
  2. Validate the inbound rules to allow traffic that's coming from the public IP of the computer where you're accessing the application.

You can also use the portal from a computer that's connected to the virtual network that's running your app or to a virtual machine that's running in your virtual network.

For more information about inbound rule configuration, see the "Network Security Groups" section of Networking considerations for an App Service Environment.

Container errors on Linux

For function apps that run on Linux in a container, the Azure Functions runtime is unreachable error can occur as a result of problems with the container. Use the following procedure to review the container logs for errors:

  1. Navigate to the Kudu endpoint for the function app, which is located at https://<FUNCTION_APP>.scm.chinacloudsites.cn, where <FUNCTION_APP> is the name of your app.

  2. Download the Docker logs .zip file and review the contents on your local computer.

  3. Check for any logged errors that indicate that the container is unable to start successfully.

Container image unavailable

Errors can occur when the container image being referenced is unavailable or fails to start correctly. Check for any logged errors that indicate that the container is unable to start successfully.

You need to correct any errors that prevent the container from starting for the function app run correctly.

When the container image can't be found, you'll see a manifest unknown error in the Docker logs. In this case, you can use the Azure CLI commands documented at How to target Azure Functions runtime versions to change the container image being referenced. If you've deployed a custom container image, you need to fix the image and redeploy the updated version to the referenced registry.

App container has conflicting ports

Your function app might be in an unresponsive state due to conflicting port assignment upon startup. This can happen in the following cases:

  • Your container has separate services running where one or more services are tying to bind to the same port as the function app.
  • You've added an Azure Hybrid Connection that shares the same port value as the function app.

By default, the container in which your function app runs uses port :80. When other services in the same container are also trying to using port :80, the function app can fail to start. If your logs show port conflicts, change the default ports.

Host ID collision

Starting with version 3.x of the Functions runtime, host ID collision are detected and logged as a warning. In version 4.x, an error is logged and the host is stopped. If the runtime can't start for your function app, review the logs. If there's a warning or an error about host ID collisions, follow the mitigation steps in Host ID considerations.

Next steps

Learn about monitoring your function apps: