术语Terminology

本文提供 API 管理 (APIM) 特定的术语定义。This article gives definitions for the terms that are specific to API Management (APIM).

术语定义Term definitions

  • 后端 API - 实现 API 的 HTTP 服务及其操作。Backend API - An HTTP service that implements your API and its operations.
  • 前端 API/APIM API - APIM API 不会托管 API,它只是创建 API 的结构,以根据需求自定义结构,而无需改动后端 API。Frontend API/APIM API - An APIM API does not host APIs, it creates facades for your APIs in order to customize the facade according to your needs without touching the back end API. 有关详细信息,请参阅导入和发布 APIFor more information, see Import and publish an API.
  • APIM 产品 - 产品包含一个或多个 API 以及使用配额和使用条款。APIM product - a product contains one or more APIs as well as a usage quota and the terms of use. 可包含多个 API,并通过开发人员门户将其提供给开发人员。You can include a number of APIs and offer them to developers through the Developer portal. 有关详细信息,请参阅创建和发布产品For more information, see Create and publish a product.
  • APIM API 操作 - 每个 API 表示一组可供开发人员使用的操作。APIM API operation - Each APIM API represents a set of operations available to developers. 每个 APIM API 包含对实施 API 的后端服务的引用,而其操作映射到后端服务实施的操作。Each APIM API contains a reference to the back end service that implements the API, and its operations map to the operations implemented by the back end service. 有关详细信息,请参阅模拟 API 响应For more information, see Mock API responses.
  • 版本 - 有时,你希望将新的或不同的 API 功能发布给某些用户,还有一些人希望坚持使用目前他们所用的 API。Version - Sometimes you want to publish new or different API features to some users, while others want to stick with the API that currently works for them. 有关详细信息,请参阅发布 API 的多个版本For more information, see Publish multiple versions of your API.
  • 修订版 - 当 API 准备就绪并即将供开发人员使用时,我们通常需要谨慎地对该 API 进行更改,同时避免干扰 API 的调用方。Revision - When your API is ready to go and starts to be used by developers, you usually need to take care in making changes to that API and at the same time not to disrupt callers of your API. 另一种有效的做法是让开发人员知道所做的更改。It's also useful to let developers know about the changes you made. 有关详细信息,请参阅使用修订版For more information, see Use revisions.
  • 开发人员门户 - 客户(开发人员)应使用开发人员门户来访问你的 API。Developer portal - Your customers (developers) should use the Developer portal to access your APIs. 开发人员门户可自定义。The Developer portal can be customized. 有关详细信息,请参阅自定义开发人员门户For more information, see Customize the Developer portal.

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