Azure 门户概述Azure portal overview

本文介绍 Azure 门户及其页面元素,并帮助你熟悉 Azure 门户的管理体验。This article introduces the Azure portal, identifies portal page elements, and helps you get familiar with the Azure portal management experience.

什么是 Azure 门户?What is the Azure portal?

Azure 门户是基于 Web 的统一控制台,提供可替代命令行工具的方法。The Azure portal is a web-based, unified console that provides an alternative to command-line tools. 通过 Azure 门户,可以使用图形用户界面管理 Azure 订阅。With the Azure portal, you can manage your Azure subscription using a graphical user interface. 可以生成、管理和监视从简单 Web 应用到复杂云部署的所有资源。You can build, manage, and monitor everything from simple web apps to complex cloud deployments. 创建自定义仪表板以有序地显示资源。Create custom dashboards for an organized view of resources. 配置辅助功能选项以提供最佳体验。Configure accessibility options for an optimal experience.

Azure 门户旨在实现复原能力和持续可用性。The Azure portal is designed for resiliency and continuous availability. 每个 Azure 数据中心都提供该门户。It has a presence in every Azure datacenter. 此配置使得 Azure 门户能够灵活应对各种数据中心故障,此外,由于部署位置靠近用户,可以避免网络减速。This configuration makes the Azure portal resilient to individual datacenter failures and avoids network slow-downs by being close to users. Azure 门户会持续更新,并且无需停机进行维护活动。The Azure portal updates continuously and requires no downtime for maintenance activities.

Azure 门户菜单Azure portal menu

可为门户菜单选择默认模式。You can choose the default mode for the portal menu. 可以停靠菜单,或者以浮出面板的形式显示菜单。It can be docked or it can act as a flyout panel.

当门户菜单处于浮出模式时,在调用之前它会隐藏。When the portal menu is in flyout mode, it's hidden until you need it. 选择菜单图标可以打开或关闭菜单。Select the menu icon to open or close the menu.

处于浮出模式的 Azure 门户菜单

如果为门户菜单选择停靠模式,则它始终可见。If you choose docked mode for the portal menu, it will always be visible. 可以折叠菜单以提供更多的工作空间。You can collapse the menu to provide more working space.

处于停靠模式的 Azure 门户菜单

Azure 主页Azure Home

作为 Azure 服务的新订阅者,登录到门户后,看到的第一个画面就是“Azure 主页”。As a new subscriber to Azure services, the first thing you see after you sign in to the portal is Azure Home. 在此页面中,可以编译资源来帮助你充分利用 Azure 订阅。This page compiles resources that help you get the most from your Azure subscription. 其中包含了免费在线课程、文档、核心服务和有用站点的链接,使你随时掌握和应对组织发生的变化。We have included links to free online courses, documentation, core services, and useful sites for staying current and managing change for your organization. 为了方便你快速访问正在处理的工作,该页面还会显示最近访问的资源列表。For quick and easy access to work in progress, we also show a list of your most recently visited resources. 无法自定义此页面,但可以选择是要将“Azure 主页”还是“Azure 仪表板”用作默认视图。 You can’t customize this page, but you can choose whether to see Azure Home or Azure Dashboard as your default view. 首次登录时,该页面的顶部会提示你要在哪个位置保存首选项。The first time you sign in, there’s a prompt at the top of the page where you can save your preference.

显示默认视图选择器的屏幕截图

可以在“门户设置”中更改 Azure 门户菜单和 Azure 默认视图。Both the Azure portal menu and the Azure default view can be changed in Portal settings. 如果更改所做的选择,会立即应用更改。If you change your selection, the change is immediately applied.

显示默认视图选择器的屏幕截图

Azure 仪表板Azure Dashboard

仪表板提供订阅中对你最重要的资源的聚焦视图。Dashboards provide a focused view of the resources in your subscription that matter most to you. 我们提供一个默认仪表板来帮助你入门。We’ve given you a default dashboard to get you started. 可以自定义此仪表板,以将最常用的资源放到单个视图中。You can customize this dashboard to bring the resources you use frequently into a single view. 对默认视图所做的任何更改仅影响你的体验。Any changes you make to the default view affect your experience only. 但是,你可以创建其他仪表板供自己使用,或者发布自定义的仪表板并与组织中的其他用户共享。However, you can create additional dashboards for your own use or publish your customized dashboards and share them with other users in your organization. 有关详细信息,请参阅在 Azure 门户中创建和共享仪表板For more information, see Create and share dashboards in the Azure portal.

门户的布局Getting around the portal

最好是了解门户的基本布局以及如何与之交互。It’s helpful to understand the basic portal layout and how to interact with it. 本文将会介绍用户界面的组件,以及说明中使用的一些术语。Here, we’ll introduce the components of the user interface and some of the terminology we use to give instructions.

Azure 门户菜单和页头是始终都会显示的全局元素。The Azure portal menu and page header are global elements that are always present. 这些持久功能是与每个单独服务或功能关联的用户界面的“外壳”,而标头可提供对全局控件的访问。These persistent features are the “shell” for the user interface associated with each individual service or feature and the header provides access to global controls. 资源的配置页面(有时称为“边栏选项卡”)还可能会提供一个资源菜单,以帮助你在功能之间切换。The configuration page (sometimes referred to as a “blade”) for a resource may also have a resource menu to help you move between features.

下图标记了 Azure 门户的基本元素,而每个元素都在下表中进行了说明。The figure below labels the basic elements of the Azure portal, each of which are described in the following table.

显示全屏门户视图和 UI 元素项的屏幕截图

显示扩展门户菜单的屏幕截图

Key 说明Description
11 页头。Page header. 显示在每个门户页面的顶部,包含全局元素。Appears at the top of every portal page and holds global elements.
22 全局搜索。Global search. 使用搜索栏可以快速查找特定的资源、服务或文档。Use the search bar to quickly find a specific resource, a service, or documentation.
33 全局控件。Global controls. 与所有全局元素一样,这些功能在门户的各个页面中都会出现,其中包括:订阅筛选器、通知、门户设置、帮助和支持,以及“向我们发送反馈”。Like all global elements, these features persist across the portal and include: subscription filter, notifications, portal settings, help and support, and send us feedback.
44 你的帐户。Your account. 查看有关帐户的信息、切换目录、注销,或使用其他帐户登录。View information about your account, switch directories, sign out, or sign in with a different account.
55 门户菜单。Portal menu. 门户菜单是一个全局元素,可帮助你在服务之间导航。The portal menu is a global element that helps you to navigate between services. 门户菜单有时也称为侧栏,可在“门户设置”中更改其模式。Sometimes referred to as the sidebar, the portal menu mode can be changed in Portal settings.
66 资源菜单。Resource menu. 许多服务都提供一个资源菜单用于帮助管理服务。Many services include a resource menu to help you manage the service. 此元素有时称为左窗格。You may see this element referred to as the left pane.
77 命令栏。Command bar. 命令栏上的控件与当前的焦点相关。The controls on the command bar are contextual to your current focus.
88 工作窗格。Working pane. 显示有关当前焦点所在资源的详细信息。Displays the details about the resource that is currently in focus.
99 痕迹导航。Breadcrumb. 可以使用痕迹导航链接在工作流中返回一个级别。You can use the breadcrumb links to move back a level in your workflow.
10 个10 用于在当前订阅中创建新资源的主控件。Master control to create a new resource in the current subscription. 展开或打开门户菜单,找到“+ 创建资源”。Expand or open the portal menu to find + Create a resource. 搜索或浏览 Azure 市场以获取要创建的资源类型。Search or browse the Azure Marketplace for the resource type you want to create.
1111 收藏夹列表。Your favorites list. 请参阅添加、删除和排序收藏项目,了解如何自定义该列表。See Add, remove, and sort favorites to learn how to customize the list.

服务入门Get started with services

如果你是新订阅者,则必须先创建资源,才能进行管理。If you’re a new subscriber, you’ll have to create a resource before there’s anything to manage. 选择“+ 创建资源”查看 Azure 市场中提供的服务。Select + Create a resource to view the services available in the Azure Marketplace. 你将在此处找到来自数百家提供商的应用程序和服务,所有内容都经过 Azure 认证。You’ll find applications and services from hundreds of providers here, all certified to run on Azure.

我们已在侧栏上的“收藏夹”中预先填充了常用服务的链接。We pre-populated your Favorites in the sidebar with links to commonly used services. 若要查看所有可用服务,请在侧栏中选择“所有服务”。To view all available services, select All services from the sidebar.

提示

使用全局页头中的“搜索”可以最快地找到资源、服务或文档。The quickest way to find a resource, service, or documentation is to use Search in the global header. 使用痕迹导航链接可以回到前面的页面。Use the breadcrumb links to go back to previous pages.

后续步骤Next steps