MABS(Azure 备份服务器)V3 UR1 保护矩阵MABS (Azure Backup Server) V3 UR1 protection matrix

本文列出可以使用 Azure 备份服务器保护的各种服务器和工作负荷。This article lists the various servers and workloads that you can protect with Azure Backup Server. 以下矩阵列出了可使用 Azure 备份服务器保护的内容。The following matrix lists what can be protected with Azure Backup Server.

对于 MABS v3 UR1,请使用以下矩阵:Use the following matrix for MABS v3 UR1:

  • 工作负荷 - 技术的工作负荷类型。Workloads - The workload type of technology.

  • 版本 - 工作负荷支持的 MABS 版本。Version - Supported MABS version for the workloads.

  • MABS 安装 - 要在其中安装 MABS 的计算机/位置。MABS installation - The computer/location where you wish to install MABS.

  • 保护和恢复 - 列出有关工作负荷的详细信息,例如支持的存储容器或支持的部署。Protection and recovery - List the detailed information about the workloads such as supported storage container or supported deployment.

保护支持矩阵Protection support matrix

以下部分详细介绍了 MABS 的保护支持矩阵:The following sections details the protection support matrix for MABS:

应用程序备份Applications Backup

工作负载Workload 版本Version Azure 备份服务器安装Azure Backup Server installation 支持的 Azure 备份服务器Supported Azure Backup Server 保护和恢复Protection and recovery
客户端计算机(64 位)Client computers (64-bit) Windows 10Windows 10 物理服务器Physical server

Hyper-V 虚拟机Hyper-V virtual machine

VMware 虚拟机VMware virtual machine
V3 UR1V3 UR1 卷、共享、文件夹、文件、已删除重复数据的卷Volume, share, folder, files, deduped volumes

受保护的卷必须采用 NTFS 格式。Protected volumes must be NTFS. 不支持 FAT 和 FAT32。FAT and FAT32 aren't supported.

卷必须至少有 1 GB 空间。Volumes must be at least 1 GB. Azure 备份服务器使用卷影复制服务 (VSS) 来创建数据快照;仅当卷至少有 1 GB 空间时,快照才能正常工作。Azure Backup Server uses Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) to take the data snapshot and the snapshot only works if the volume is at least 1 GB.
服务器(64 位)Servers (64-bit) Windows Server 2019、2016、2012 R2、2012Windows Server 2019, 2016, 2012 R2, 2012 Azure 虚拟机(工作负荷作为 Azure 虚拟机运行时)Azure virtual machine (when workload is running as Azure virtual machine)

物理服务器Physical server

Hyper-V 虚拟机Hyper-V virtual machine

VMware 虚拟机VMware virtual machine

Azure StackAzure Stack
V3 UR1V3 UR1 卷、共享、文件夹、文件、已删除重复数据的卷(NTFS 和 ReFS)Volume, share, folder, file, deduped volumes (NTFS and ReFS)

系统状态和裸机(当工作负荷作为 Azure 虚拟机运行时不支持)System state and bare metal (Not supported when workload is running as Azure virtual machine)
服务器(64 位)Servers (64-bit) Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1、Windows Server 2008 SP2(需安装 Windows Management Frame 4.0Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1, Windows Server 2008 SP2 (You need to install Windows Management Frame 4.0) 物理服务器Physical server

Hyper-V 虚拟机Hyper-V virtual machine

VMware 虚拟机VMware virtual machine

Azure StackAzure Stack
V3 UR1V3 UR1 卷、共享、文件夹、文件、系统状态/裸机Volume, share, folder, file, system state/bare metal
SQL ServerSQL Server SQL Server 2019、2017、2016 和支持的 SP、2014 和支持的 SPSQL Server 2019, 2017, 2016 and supported SPs, 2014 and supported SPs 物理服务器Physical server

Hyper-V 虚拟机Hyper-V virtual machine

VMware 虚拟机VMware virtual machine

Azure 虚拟机(工作负荷作为 Azure 虚拟机运行时)Azure virtual machine (when workload is running as Azure virtual machine)

Azure StackAzure Stack
V3 UR1V3 UR1 所有部署方案:数据库All deployment scenarios: database

MABS v3 UR1 支持备份基于 ReFS 卷的 SQL 数据库MABS v3 UR1 supports the backup of SQL databases over ReFS volumes
ExchangeExchange Exchange 2019、2016Exchange 2019, 2016 物理服务器Physical server

Hyper-V 虚拟机Hyper-V virtual machine

VMware 虚拟机VMware virtual machine

Azure StackAzure Stack

Azure 虚拟机(工作负荷作为 Azure 虚拟机运行时)Azure virtual machine (when workload is running as Azure virtual machine)
V3 UR1V3 UR1 保护(所有部署方案):独立 Exchange 服务器、数据库可用性组 (DAG) 下的数据库Protect (all deployment scenarios): Standalone Exchange server, database under a database availability group (DAG)

恢复(所有部署方案):邮箱、DAG 下的邮箱数据库Recover (all deployment scenarios): Mailbox, mailbox databases under a DAG

MABS v3 UR1 支持备份基于 ReFS 的 ExchangeBackup of Exchange over ReFS is supported with MABS v3 UR1
SharePointSharePoint 带最新 SP 的 SharePoint 2019、2016SharePoint 2019, 2016 with latest SPs 物理服务器Physical server

Hyper-V 虚拟机Hyper-V virtual machine

VMware 虚拟机VMware virtual machine

Azure 虚拟机(工作负荷作为 Azure 虚拟机运行时)Azure virtual machine (when workload is running as Azure virtual machine)

Azure StackAzure Stack
V3 UR1V3 UR1 保护(所有部署方案):场、前端 Web 服务器内容Protect (all deployment scenarios): Farm, frontend web server content

恢复(所有部署方案):场、数据库、Web 应用程序、文件或列表项、SharePoint 搜索、前端 Web 服务器Recover (all deployment scenarios): Farm, database, web application, file, or list item, SharePoint search, frontend web server

对于将 SQL Server 2012 AlwaysOn 功能用于内容数据库的 SharePoint 场,不支持对其进行保护。Protecting a SharePoint farm that's using the SQL Server 2012 AlwaysOn feature for the content databases isn't supported.

VM 备份VM Backup

工作负载Workload 版本Version Azure 备份服务器安装Azure Backup Server installation 支持的 Azure 备份服务器Supported Azure Backup Server 保护和恢复Protection and recovery
Hyper-V 主机 - Hyper-V 主机服务器、群集或 VM 上的 MABS 保护代理Hyper-V host - MABS protection agent on Hyper-V host server, cluster, or VM Windows Server 2019、2016、2012 R2、2012Windows Server 2019, 2016, 2012 R2, 2012 物理服务器Physical server

Hyper-V 虚拟机Hyper-V virtual machine

VMware 虚拟机VMware virtual machine
V3 UR1V3 UR1 保护:Hyper-V 计算机、群集共享卷 (CSV)Protect: Hyper-V computers, cluster shared volumes (CSVs)

恢复:虚拟机恢复,以及文件和文件夹(仅适用于 Windows)、卷、虚拟硬盘的项级恢复Recover: Virtual machine, Item-level recovery of files and folder available only for Windows, volumes, virtual hard drives
VMware VMVMware VMs VMware 服务器 5.5、6.0、6.5 或 6.7(经许可版本)VMware server 5.5, 6.0, or 6.5, 6.7 (Licensed Version) Hyper-V 虚拟机Hyper-V virtual machine

VMware 虚拟机VMware virtual machine
V3 UR1V3 UR1 保护:群集共享卷 (CSV)、NFS 和 SAN 存储中的 VMware VMProtect: VMware VMs on cluster-shared volumes (CSVs), NFS, and SAN storage

恢复:虚拟机恢复,以及文件和文件夹(仅适用于 Windows)、卷、虚拟硬盘的项级恢复Recover: Virtual machine, Item-level recovery of files and folder available only for Windows, volumes, virtual hard drives

不支持 VMware vApp。VMware vApps are not supported.

LinuxLinux

工作负载Workload 版本Version Azure 备份服务器安装Azure Backup Server installation 支持的 Azure 备份服务器Supported Azure Backup Server 保护和恢复Protection and recovery
LinuxLinux 以 Hyper-V 或 VMware 来宾身份运行的 LinuxLinux running as Hyper-V or VMware guest 物理服务器、本地 Hyper-V VM、VMWare 中的 Windows VMPhysical server, On-premises Hyper-V VM, Windows VM in VMWare V3 UR1V3 UR1 Hyper-V 必须在 Windows Server 2012 R2 或 Windows Server 2016 上运行。Hyper-V must be running on Windows Server 2012 R2 or Windows Server 2016. 保护:整个虚拟机Protect: Entire virtual machine

恢复:整个虚拟机Recover: Entire virtual machine

仅支持文件一致性快照。Only file-consistent snapshots are supported.

有关支持的 Linux 发行版和版本的完整列表,请参阅 Azure 认可的发行版中的 Linux 一文。For a complete list of supported Linux distributions and versions, see the article, Linux on distributions endorsed by Azure.

Azure ExpressRoute 支持Azure ExpressRoute support

可以使用公共对等互连(适用于旧线路)和 Microsoft 对等互连通过 Azure ExpressRoute 备份数据。You can back up your data over Azure ExpressRoute with public peering (available for old circuits) and Microsoft peering. 不支持通过专用对等互连进行备份。Backup over private peering isn't supported.

使用公共对等互连:确保访问以下域/地址:With public peering: Ensure access to the following domains/addresses:

  • http://www.msftncsi.com/ncsi.txt
  • azure.cn
  • .WindowsAzure.cn
  • .microsoftonline.cn
  • .chinacloudapi.cn

使用 Microsoft 对等互连,选择以下服务/区域和相关社区值:With Microsoft peering, select the following services/regions and relevant community values:

  • Azure Active Directory (12076:5060)Azure Active Directory (12076:5060)
  • Azure 区域(取决于恢复服务保管库的位置)Azure Region (according to the location of your Recovery Services vault)
  • Azure 存储(根据恢复服务保管库的位置)Azure Storage (according to the location of your Recovery Services vault)

有关详细信息,请参阅 ExpressRoute 路由要求For more information, see the ExpressRoute routing requirements.

备注

对于新线路,公共对等互连已弃用。Public Peering is deprecated for new circuits.

群集支持Cluster support

Azure 备份服务器可以保护以下群集应用程序中的数据:Azure Backup Server can protect data in the following clustered applications:

  • 文件服务器File servers

  • SQL ServerSQL Server

  • Hyper-V - 如果使用横向扩展的 MABS 保护代理来保护 Hyper-V 群集,则无法为受保护的 Hyper-V 工作负荷添加辅助保护。Hyper-V - If you protect a Hyper-V cluster using scaled-out MABS protection agent, you can't add secondary protection for the protected Hyper-V workloads.

  • Exchange Server - Azure 备份服务器可以保护受支持 Exchange Server 版本的非共享磁盘群集(群集连续复制),而且还可以保护针对本地连续复制配置的 Exchange Server。Exchange Server - Azure Backup Server can protect non-shared disk clusters for supported Exchange Server versions (cluster-continuous replication), and can also protect Exchange Server configured for local continuous replication.

  • SQL Server - Azure 备份服务器不支持备份托管在群集共享卷 (CSV) 上的 SQL Server 数据库。SQL Server - Azure Backup Server doesn't support backing up SQL Server databases hosted on cluster-shared volumes (CSVs).

Azure 备份服务器可以保护 MABS 服务器所在的同一个域中以及子域或受信任域中的群集工作负荷。Azure Backup Server can protect cluster workloads that are located in the same domain as the MABS server, and in a child or trusted domain. 若要保护不受信任的域或工作组中的数据源,请对单个服务器使用 NTLM 或证书身份验证,或者只对群集使用证书身份验证。If you want to protect data sources in untrusted domains or workgroups, use NTLM or certificate authentication for a single server, or certificate authentication only for a cluster.