使用 Microsoft Azure 备份服务器或 System Center DPM 进行备份时的支持矩阵Support matrix for backup with Microsoft Azure Backup Server or System Center DPM

可以使用 Azure 备份服务备份本地计算机和工作负荷以及 Azure 虚拟机 (VM)。You can use the Azure Backup service to back up on-premises machines and workloads, and Azure virtual machines (VMs). 本文汇总了使用 Microsoft Azure 备份服务器 (MABS) 或 System Center Data Protection Manager (DPM) 和 Azure 备份服务备份计算机时的支持设置与限制。This article summarizes support settings and limitations for backing up machines by using Microsoft Azure Backup Server (MABS) or System Center Data Protection Manager (DPM), and Azure Backup.

关于 DPM/MABSAbout DPM/MABS

System Center DPM 是一个企业解决方案,用于配置、简化及管理企业计算机和数据的备份与恢复。System Center DPM is an enterprise solution that configures, facilitates, and manages backup and recovery of enterprise machines and data. 它是 System Center 产品套件的一部分。It's part of the System Center suite of products.

MABS 是可用于备份本地物理服务器、VM 及其上运行的应用的服务器产品。MABS is a server product that can be used to back up on-premises physical servers, VMs, and apps running on them.

MABS 基于 System Center DPM,并提供类似的功能,但有几项差别:MABS is based on System Center DPM and provides similar functionality with a few differences:

  • 无需 System Center 许可证即可运行 MABS。No System Center license is required to run MABS.
  • Azure 为 MABS 和 DPM 提供长期备份存储。For both MABS and DPM, Azure provides long-term backup storage. 此外,DPM 允许在磁带上备份数据,以作长期存储。In addition, DPM allows you to back up data for long-term storage on tape. MABS 不提供此功能。MABS doesn't provide this functionality.
  • 可以使用辅助 DPM 服务器备份主 DPM 服务器。You can back up a primary DPM server with a secondary DPM server. 辅助服务器将保护主服务器上存储的主服务器数据库和数据源副本。The secondary server will protect the primary server database and the data source replicas stored on the primary server. 如果主服务器出现故障,则辅助服务器可以继续保护由主服务器保护的工作负荷,直到主服务器再次可用为止。If the primary server fails, the secondary server can continue to protect workloads that are protected by the primary server, until the primary server is available again. MABS 不提供此功能。MABS doesn't provide this functionality.

Microsoft 下载中心下载 MABS。You download MABS from the Microsoft Download Center. 它可以在本地运行,或者在 Azure VM 上运行。It can be run on-premises or on an Azure VM.

DPM 和 MABS 支持备份各种应用、服务器和客户端操作系统。DPM and MABS support backing up a wide variety of apps, and server and client operating systems. 它们提供多种备份方案:They provide multiple backup scenarios:

  • 可以使用系统状态或裸机备份在计算机级别进行备份。You can back up at the machine level with system-state or bare-metal backup.
  • 可以备份特定的卷、共享、文件夹和文件。You can back up specific volumes, shares, folders, and files.
  • 可以使用优化的应用感知设置备份特定的应用。You can back up specific apps by using optimized app-aware settings.

DPM/MABS 备份DPM/MABS backup

使用 DPM/MABS 和 Azure 备份进行备份的工作原理如下:Backup using DPM/MABS and Azure Backup works as follows:

  1. 在要备份的每台计算机上安装 DPM/MABS 保护代理。DPM/MABS protection agent is installed on each machine that will be backed up.
  2. 将计算机和应用备份到 DPM/MABS 上的本地存储。Machines and apps are backed up to local storage on DPM/MABS.
  3. 在 DPM 服务器/MABS 上安装 Microsoft Azure 恢复服务 (MARS) 代理。The Microsoft Azure Recovery Services (MARS) agent is installed on the DPM server/MABS.
  4. MARS 代理使用 Azure 备份将 DPM/MABS 磁盘备份到 Azure 中的备份恢复服务保管库。The MARS agent backs up the DPM/MABS disks to a backup Recovery Services vault in Azure by using Azure Backup.

更多相关信息:For more information:

支持的方案Supported scenarios

方案Scenario 代理Agent 位置Location
备份本地计算机/工作负荷Back up on-premises machines/workloads DPM/MABS 保护代理在要备份的计算机上运行。DPM/MABS protection agent runs on the machines that you want to back up.

DPM/MABS 服务器上的 MARS 代理。The MARS agent on DPM/MABS server.
启用此功能所需的 Microsoft Azure 恢复服务代理或 Azure 备份代理的最低版本为 2.0.8719.0。The minimum version of the Microsoft Azure Recovery Services agent, or Azure Backup agent, required to enable this feature is 2.0.8719.0.
DPM/MABS 必须在本地运行。DPM/MABS must be running on-premises.

支持的部署Supported deployments

可根据下表中的摘要部署 DPM/MABS。DPM/MABS can be deployed as summarized in the following table.

部署Deployment 支持Support 详细信息Details
本地部署Deployed on-premises 物理服务器Physical server

Hyper-V VMHyper-V VM

VMware VMVMware VM
如果将 DPM/MABS 安装为 VMware VM,它只会备份 VMware VM,以及这些 VM 上运行的工作负荷。If DPM/MABS is installed as a VMware VM, it only backs up VMware VMs and workloads that are running on those VMs.
部署为 Azure Stack VMDeployed as an Azure Stack VM 仅限 MABSMABS only 不能使用 DPM 来备份 Azure Stack VM。DPM can't be used to back up Azure Stack VMs.
部署为 Azure VMDeployed as an Azure VM 保护 Azure VM,以及这些 VM 上运行的工作负荷。Protects Azure VMs and workloads that are running on those VMs Azure 中运行的 DPM/MABS 无法备份本地计算机。DPM/MABS running in Azure can't back up on-premises machines.

支持的 MABS 和 DPM 操作系统Supported MABS and DPM operating systems

Azure 备份可以备份运行以下任何操作系统的 DPM/MABS 实例。Azure Backup can back up DPM/MABS instances that are running any of the following operating systems. 操作系统应该运行最新的服务包和更新。Operating systems should be running the latest service packs and updates.

方案Scenario DPM/MABSDPM/MABS
Azure VM 上的 MABSMABS on an Azure VM Windows 2016 Datacenter。Windows 2016 Datacenter.

Windows 2019 Datacenter。Windows 2019 Datacenter.

我们建议从市场中提供的映像着手。We recommend that you start with an image from the marketplace.

具有四个核心和 8 GB RAM 的最小 Standard_A4_v2。Minimum Standard_A4_v2 with four cores and 8-GB RAM.
Azure VM 上的 DPMDPM on an Azure VM System Center 2012 R2 Update 3 或更高版本。System Center 2012 R2 with Update 3 or later.

符合 System Center 要求的 Windows 操作系统。Windows operating system as required by System Center.

我们建议从市场中提供的映像着手。We recommend that you start with an image from the marketplace.

具有四个核心和 8 GB RAM 的最小 Standard_A4_v2。Minimum Standard_A4_v2 with four cores and 8-GB RAM.
本地 MABSMABS on-premises MABS v3 和更高版本:Windows Server 2016 或 Windows Server 2019MABS v3 and later: Windows Server 2016 or Windows Server 2019
本地 DPMDPM on-premises 物理服务器/Hyper-V VM:System Center 2012 SP1 或更高版本。Physical server/Hyper-V VM: System Center 2012 SP1 or later.

VMware VM:System Center 2012 R2 Update 5 或更高版本。VMware VM: System Center 2012 R2 with Update 5 or later.

备注

Windows Server Core 或 Microsoft Hyper-V Server 不支持安装 Azure 备份服务器。Installing Azure Backup Server is not supported on Windows Server Core or Microsoft Hyper-V Server.

管理支持Management support

问题Issue 详细信息Details
安装Installation 在单一用途计算机上安装 DPM/MABS。Install DPM/MABS on a single-purpose machine.

不要在域控制器、装有应用程序服务器角色的计算机、运行 Microsoft Exchange Server 或 System Center Operations Manager 的计算机或群集节点上安装 DPM/MABS。Don't install DPM/MABS on a domain controller, on a machine with the Application Server role installation, on a machine that is running Microsoft Exchange Server or System Center Operations Manager, or on a cluster node.

查看所有 DPM 系统要求。Review all DPM system requirements.
Domain DPM/MABS 应加入域。DPM/MABS should be joined to a domain. 首先安装 DPM/MABS,然后将其加入域。Install first, and then join DPM/MABS to a domain. 部署后,不支持将 DPM/MABS 移到新域。Moving DPM/MABS to a new domain after deployment isn't supported.
存储Storage DPM 2016/MABS v2 和更高版本支持新式备份存储 (MBS)。Modern backup storage (MBS) is supported from DPM 2016/MABS v2 and later. MBS 不适用于 MABS v1。It isn't available for MABS v1.
MABS 升级MABS upgrade 可以直接安装 MABS v3,或者从 MABS v2 升级到 MABS v3。You can directly install MABS v3, or upgrade to MABS v3 from MABS v2. 了解详细信息Learn more.
移动 MABSMoving MABS 如果使用的是 MBS,则支持在保留存储的同时将 MABS 移到新服务器。Moving MABS to a new server while retaining the storage is supported if you're using MBS.

新服务器必须与原始服务器同名。The server must have the same name as the original. 若要保留相同的存储池,并使用同一个 MABS 数据库来存储数据恢复点,则不能更改服务器名称。You can't change the name if you want to keep the same storage pool, and use the same MABS database to store data recovery points.

之所以需要备份 MABS 数据库,是因为需要还原它。You will need a backup of the MABS database because you'll need to restore it.

Azure Stack 上的 MABS 支持MABS support on Azure Stack

可以在 Azure Stack VM 上部署 MABS,以便可以从单个位置管理 Azure Stack Vm 和工作负荷的备份。You can deploy MABS on an Azure Stack VM so that you can manage backup of Azure Stack VMs and workloads from a single location.

组件Component 详细信息Details
Azure Stack VM 上的 MABSMABS on Azure Stack VM 至少使用 A2 大小。At least size A2. 我们建议从 Azure 市场中提供的 Windows Server 2012 R2 或 Windows Server 2016 映像着手。We recommend you start with a Windows Server 2012 R2 or Windows Server 2016 image from the Azure Marketplace.

不要在 MABS VM 上安装其他任何组件。Don't install anything else on the MABS VM.
MABS 存储MABS storage 对 MABS VM 使用单独的存储帐户。Use a separate storage account for the MABS VM. MABS 上运行的 MARS 代理需要使用临时存储作为缓存位置,以及保存从云中还原的数据。The MARS agent running on MABS needs temporary storage for a cache location and to hold data restored from the cloud.
MABS 存储池MABS storage pool MABS 存储池的大小取决于附加到 MABS VM 的磁盘数目和大小。The size of the MABS storage pool is determined by the number and size of disks that are attached to the MABS VM. 每个 Azure Stack VM 大小具有最大磁盘数。Each Azure Stack VM size has a maximum number of disks. 例如,A2 是四个磁盘。For example, A2 is four disks.
MABS 保留MABS retention 不要在本地 MABS 磁盘上将备份数据保留 5 天以上。Don't retain backed up data on the local MABS disks for more than five days.
MABS 纵向扩展MABS scale up 若要纵向扩展部署,可以增加 MABS VM 的大小。To scale up your deployment, you can increase the size of the MABS VM. 例如,可从 A 系列增大到 D 系列。For example, you can change from A to D series.

还可以确保通过定期备份到 Azure 来卸载数据。You can also ensure that you're offloading data with backup to Azure regularly. 如有必要,可以部署更多的 MABS 服务器。If necessary, you can deploy additional MABS servers.
MABS 上的 .NET Framework.NET Framework on MABS 需要在 MABS VM 上安装 .NET Framework 3.3 SP1 或更高版本。The MABS VM needs .NET Framework 3.3 SP1 or later installed on it.
MABS 域MABS domain MABS VM 必须加入域。The MABS VM must be joined to a domain. 必须由具有管理员特权的域用户在 VM 上安装 MABS。A domain user with admin privileges must install MABS on the VM.
Azure Stack VM 数据备份Azure Stack VM data backup 可以备份文件、文件夹和应用。You can back up files, folders, and apps.
支持的备份Supported backup 要备份的 VM 支持以下操作系统:These operating systems are supported for VMs that you want to back up:

Windows Server 半年频道(Datacenter、Enterprise、Standard)Windows Server Semi-Annual Channel (Datacenter, Enterprise, Standard)

Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2008 R2Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2008 R2
Azure Stack VM 的 SQL Server 支持SQL Server support for Azure Stack VMs 备份 SQL Server 2016、SQL Server 2014、SQL Server 2012 SP1。Back up SQL Server 2016, SQL Server 2014, SQL Server 2012 SP1.

备份和恢复数据库。Back up and recover a database.
Azure Stack VM 的 SharePoint 支持SharePoint support for Azure Stack VMs SharePoint 2016、SharePoint 2013、SharePoint 2010。SharePoint 2016, SharePoint 2013, SharePoint 2010.

备份和恢复场、数据库、前端与 Web 服务器。Back up and recover a farm, database, front end, and web server.
备份的 VM 的网络要求Network requirements for backed up VMs Azure Stack 工作负荷中的所有 VM 必须在同一个虚拟网络中,并属于同一个订阅。All VMs in Azure Stack workload must belong to the same virtual network and belong to the same subscription.

DPM/MABS 网络支持DPM/MABS networking support

URL 访问URL access

DPM 服务器/MABS 需要以下 URL 的访问权限:The DPM server/MABS needs access to these URLs:

  • http://www.msftncsi.com/ncsi.txt
  • *.Microsoft.com*.Microsoft.com
  • *.WindowsAzure.com*.WindowsAzure.com
  • *.partner.microsoftonline.cn*.partner.microsoftonline.cn
  • *.chinacloudapi.cn*.chinacloudapi.cn

Azure ExpressRoute 支持Azure ExpressRoute support

可以使用公共对等互连(适用于旧线路)和 Microsoft 对等互连通过 Azure ExpressRoute 备份数据。You can back up your data over Azure ExpressRoute with public peering (available for old circuits) and Microsoft peering. 不支持通过专用对等互连进行备份。Backup over private peering is not supported.

使用公共对等互连:确保访问以下域/地址:With public peering: Ensure access to the following domains/addresses:

  • http://www.msftncsi.com/ncsi.txt
  • microsoft.com
  • .WindowsAzure.com
  • .partner.microsoftonline.cn
  • .chinacloudapi.cn

如果使用 Microsoft 对等互连,请选择以下服务/区域和相关社区值:With Microsoft peering, please select the following services/regions and relevant community values:

  • Azure Active Directory (12076:5060)Azure Active Directory (12076:5060)
  • Azure 区域(取决于恢复服务保管库的位置)Azure Region (according to the location of your Recovery Services vault)
  • Azure 存储(根据恢复服务保管库的位置)Azure Storage (according to the location of your Recovery Services vault)

有关更多详细信息,请参阅 ExpressRoute 路由要求For more details, see the ExpressRoute routing requirements.

备注

对于新线路,公共对等互连已弃用。Public Peering is deprecated for new circuits.

DPM/MABS 与 Azure 备份的连接DPM/MABS connectivity to Azure Backup

需要与 Azure 备份服务建立连接才能正常运行备份,并且 Azure 订阅应处于活动状态。Connectivity to the Azure Backup service is required for backups to function properly, and the Azure subscription should be active. 下表显示了不满足这两项要求时的行为。The following table shows the behavior if these two things don't occur.

MABS 到 AzureMABS to Azure 订阅Subscription 备份/还原Backup/Restore
已连接Connected 活动Active 备份到 DPM/MABS 磁盘。Back up to DPM/MABS disk.

备份到 Azure。Back up to Azure.

从磁盘还原。Restore from disk.

从 Azure 还原。Restore from Azure.
已连接Connected 已过期/已取消预配Expired/deprovisioned 不备份到磁盘或 Azure。No backup to disk or Azure.

如果订阅已过期,则你可以从磁盘或 Azure 还原。If the subscription is expired, you can restore from disk or Azure.

如果订阅已解除分配,则你无法从磁盘或 Azure 还原。If the subscription is decommissioned, you can't restore from disk or Azure. Azure 恢复点已删除。The Azure recovery points are deleted.
有 15 天以上未建立连接No connectivity for more than 15 days 活动Active 不备份到磁盘或 Azure。No backup to disk or Azure.

可以从磁盘或 Azure 还原。You can restore from disk or Azure.
有 15 天以上未建立连接No connectivity for more than 15 days 已过期/已取消预配Expired/deprovisioned 不备份到磁盘或 Azure。No backup to disk or Azure.

如果订阅已过期,则你可以从磁盘或 Azure 还原。If the subscription is expired, you can restore from disk or Azure.

如果订阅已解除分配,则你无法从磁盘或 Azure 还原。If the subscription is decommissioned, you can't restore from disk or Azure. Azure 恢复点已删除。The Azure recovery points are deleted.

DPM/MABS 存储支持DPM/MABS storage support

备份到 DPM/MABS 的数据将存储在本地磁盘存储中。Data that is backed up to DPM/MABS is stored on local disk storage.

存储Storage 详细信息Details
MBSMBS DPM 2016/MABS v2 和更高版本支持新式备份存储 (MBS)。Modern backup storage (MBS) is supported from DPM 2016/MABS v2 and later. MBS 不适用于 MABS v1。It isn't available for MABS v1.
Azure VM 上的 MABS 存储MABS storage on Azure VM 数据存储在附加到 DPM/MABS VM 的 Azure 磁盘上,并在 DPM/MABS 中进行管理。Data is stored on Azure disks that are attached to the DPM/MABS VM, and that are managed in DPM/MABS. 可用于 DPM/MABS 存储池的磁盘数目受 VM 大小的限制。The number of disks that can be used for DPM/MABS storage pool is limited by the size of the VM.

A2 VM:4 个磁盘;A3 VM:8 个磁盘;A4 VM:16 个磁盘,每个磁盘的最大大小为 1 TB。A2 VM: 4 disks; A3 VM: 8 disks; A4 VM: 16 disks, with a maximum size of 1 TB for each disk. 这确定了可用的备份存储池总大小。This determines the total backup storage pool that is available.

可以备份的数据量取决于附加的磁盘数目和大小。The amount of data you can back up depends on the number and size of the attached disks.
Azure VM 上的 MABS 数据保留期MABS data retention on Azure VM 我们建议在 DPM/MABS Azure 磁盘上保留数据一天,若要进行长期保留,请将 DPM/MABS 中的数据备份到保管库。We recommend that you retain data for one day on the DPM/MABS Azure disk, and back up from DPM/MABS to the vault for longer retention. 这样,可以通过将更大量的数据卸载到 Azure 备份来对其进行保护。You can thus protect a larger amount of data by offloading it to Azure Backup.

新式备份存储 (MBS)Modern backup storage (MBS)

在 DPM 2016/MABS v2(在 Windows Server 2016 上运行)和更高版本中,可以利用新式备份存储 (MBS)。From DPM 2016/MABS v2 (running on Windows Server 2016) and later, you can take advantage of modern backup storage (MBS).

  • MBS 备份存储在弹性文件系统 (ReFS) 磁盘中。MBS backups are stored on a Resilient File System (ReFS) disk.
  • MBS 使用 ReFS 块克隆,这样可以加快备份速度,并更有效地利用存储空间。MBS uses ReFS block cloning for faster backup and more efficient use of storage space.
  • 将卷添加到本地 DPM/MABS 存储池时,已经为它们配置了驱动器号。When you add volumes to the local DPM/MABS storage pool, you configure them with drive letters. 然后,可以在不同的卷上配置工作负荷存储。You can then configure workload storage on different volumes.
  • 创建保护组用于将数据备份到 DPM/MABS 时,可以选择要使用的驱动器。When you create protection groups to back up data to DPM/MABS, you select the drive you want to use. 例如,可将 SQL 或其他高 IOPS 工作负荷的备份存储在高性能驱动器中,将不经常备份的工作负荷的备份存储在较低性能的驱动器中。For example, you might store backups for SQL or other high IOPS workloads on a high-performance drive, and store workloads that are backed up less frequently on a lower performance drive.

MABS 支持的备份Supported backups to MABS

有关可以使用 Azure 备份服务器保护的各种服务器和工作负载的信息,请参阅 Azure 备份服务器保护矩阵For information on the various servers and workloads that you can protect with Azure Backup Server, refer to the Azure Backup Server Protection Matrix.

DPM 支持的备份Supported backups to DPM

有关可以使用 Data Protection Manager 保护的各种服务器和工作负载的信息,请参阅 DPM 可以备份的内容一文。For information on the various servers and workloads that you can protect with Data Protection Manager, refer to the article What can DPM back up?.

  • DPM/MABS 备份的群集工作负荷应与 DPM/MABS 位于同一域中,或者在子域/受信任的域中。Clustered workloads backed up by DPM/MABS should be in the same domain as DPM/MABS or in a child/trusted domain.
  • 可以使用 NTLM/证书身份验证在不受信任的域或工作组中备份数据。You can use NTLM/certificate authentication to back up data in untrusted domains or workgroups.

后续步骤Next steps