Azure 来宾 OS 版本和 SDK 兼容性对照表Azure Guest OS releases and SDK compatibility matrix

提供适用于云服务的最新 Azure 来宾 OS 版本的最新信息。Provides you with up-to-date information about the latest Azure Guest OS releases for Cloud Services. 此信息可帮助在禁用来宾 OS 之前规划升级路径。This information helps you plan your upgrade path before a Guest OS is disabled. 如果根据 Azure 来宾 OS 更新设置中所述将角色配置为使用自动进行来宾 OS 更新,则不一定要阅读本页面。If you configure your roles to use automatic Guest OS updates as described in Azure Guest OS Update Settings, it is not vital that you read this page.

Important

本页面适用于在来宾 OS 顶层运行的云服务 Web 角色和辅助角色,This page applies to Cloud Services web and worker roles, which run on top of a Guest OS. 不适用于 IaaS 虚拟机。It does not apply to IaaS Virtual Machines.

Tip

订阅来宾 OS 更新 RSS 源,接收有关所有来宾 OS 更改的最新通知。Subscribe to the Guest OS Update RSS Feed to receive the most timely notification on all Guest OS changes.

Important

仅来宾 OS 的最新 2 个版本受到支持,并在 Azure 门户中提供。Only the latest 2 versions of the Guest OS will be supported and available in the Azure portal.

不确定如何更新来宾 OS?Unsure about how to update your Guest OS? 查看此处的Check this out.

新闻更新News updates

2019 年 5 月 7 日May 7, 2019

4 月版来宾 OS 已发布。The April Guest OS has released.

2019 年 3 月 26 日March 26, 2019

3 月版来宾 OS 已发布。The March Guest OS has released.

2019 年 3 月 12 日March 12, 2019

1 月版来宾 OS 已发布。The February Guest OS has released.

2019 年 2 月 5 日February 5, 2019

1 月版来宾 OS 已发布。The January Guest OS has released.

2019 年 1 月 24 日January 24, 2019

系列 6 来宾 OS (Windows Server 2019) 已发布。Family 6 Guest OS (Windows Server 2019) has released.

2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019

12 月版来宾 OS 已发布。The December Guest OS has released.

2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018

11 月版来宾 OS 已发布。The November Guest OS has released.

2018 年 11 月 8 日November 8, 2018

10 月版来宾 OS 已发布。The October Guest OS has released.

2018 年 10 月12 日October 12, 2018

9 月版来宾 OS 已发布。The September Guest OS has released.

发行版本Releases

系列 6 发行版Family 6 releases

Windows Server 2019Windows Server 2019

已安装的 .NET Framework:3.5、4.7.2.NET Framework installed: 3.5, 4.7.2

Note

Windows Azure SDK for .NET 3.0 可在此处下载。The Windows Azure SDK for .NET - 3.0 can be downloaded here.

安装步骤:Installation steps:

  1. 请卸载任何旧版本的 MicrosoftAzureAuthoringTools*.msiPlease uninstall any older versions of MicrosoftAzureAuthoringTools*.msi
  2. 安装用于 .NET 的 Azure SDK - 3.0Install the Azure SDK for .NET - 3.0
  3. 重启计算机Restart your machine
  4. 创建新的云服务项目并添加单个辅助角色Create a new Cloud Service project and add a single Worker Role
  5. 将 OS 系列更改为 6 并生成一个包Change the OS Family to 6 and build a package
  6. 使用 Azure 门户或 Visual Studio 将该包部署到 AzureDeploy the package to Azure using the Azure portal or Visual Studio
配置字符串Configuration string 发行日期Release date 停用日期Disable date
WA-GUEST-OS-6.6_201904-01WA-GUEST-OS-6.6_201904-01 2019 年 5 月 7 日May 7, 2019 6.8 版发行后Post 6.8
WA-GUEST-OS-6.5_201903-01WA-GUEST-OS-6.5_201903-01 2019 年 3 月 26 日March 26, 2019 6.7 版发行后Post 6.7
WA-GUEST-OS-6.4_201902-01WA-GUEST-OS-6.4_201902-01 2019 年 3 月 12 日March 12, 2019 2019 年 5 月 7 日May 7, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-6.3_201901-01WA-GUEST-OS-6.3_201901-01 2019 年 2 月 5日February 5, 2019 2019 年 3 月 26 日March 26, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-6.2_201812-01WA-GUEST-OS-6.2_201812-01 2019 年 1 月 24 日January 24, 2019 2019 年 3 月 12 日March 12, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-6.1_201811-01WA-GUEST-OS-6.1_201811-01 2019 年 1 月 24 日January 24, 2019 2019 年 2 月 5日February 5, 2019

系列 5 发行版本Family 5 releases

Windows Server 2016Windows Server 2016

已安装的 .NET Framework:3.5、4.6.2.NET Framework installed: 3.5, 4.6.2

Note

OS 系列 5 的 RDP 密码至少必须有 10 个字符。The RDP password for OS family 5 must be a minimum of 10 characters.

配置字符串Configuration string 发行日期Release date 停用日期Disable date
WA-GUEST-OS-5.30_201904-01WA-GUEST-OS-5.30_201904-01 2019 年 5 月 7 日May 7, 2019 5.32 版发行后Post 5.32
WA-GUEST-OS-5.29_201903-01WA-GUEST-OS-5.29_201903-01 2019 年 3 月 26 日March 26, 2019 5.31 版发行后Post 5.31
WA-GUEST-OS-5.28_201902-01WA-GUEST-OS-5.28_201902-01 2019 年 3 月 12 日March 12, 2019 2019 年 5 月 7 日May 7, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-5.27_201901-01WA-GUEST-OS-5.27_201901-01 2019 年 2 月 5日February 5, 2019 2019 年 3 月 26 日March 26, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-5.26_201812-01WA-GUEST-OS-5.26_201812-01 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019 2019 年 3 月 12 日March 12, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-5.25_201811-01WA-GUEST-OS-5.25_201811-01 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018 2019 年 2 月 5日February 5, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-5.24_201810-01WA-GUEST-OS-5.24_201810-01 2018 年 11 月 8 日November 8, 2018 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-5.23_201809-01WA-GUEST-OS-5.23_201809-01 2018 年 10 月 12 日October 12, 2018 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018

系列 4 发行版本Family 4 releases

Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2

已安装的 .NET Framework:3.5、4.5.1.NET Framework installed: 3.5, 4.5.1

配置字符串Configuration string 发行日期Release date 停用日期Disable date
WA-GUEST-OS-4.65_201904-01WA-GUEST-OS-4.65_201904-01 2019 年 5 月 7 日May 7, 2019 4.67 版发行后Post 4.67
WA-GUEST-OS-4.64_201903-01WA-GUEST-OS-4.64_201903-01 2019 年 3 月 26 日March 26, 2019 4.66 版发行后Post 4.66
WA-GUEST-OS-4.63_201902-01WA-GUEST-OS-4.63_201902-01 2019 年 3 月 12 日March 12, 2019 2019 年 5 月 7 日May 7, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-4.62_201901-01WA-GUEST-OS-4.62_201901-01 2019 年 2 月 5日February 5, 2019 2019 年 3 月 26 日March 26, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-4.61_201812-01WA-GUEST-OS-4.61_201812-01 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019 2019 年 3 月 12 日March 12, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-4.60_201811-01WA-GUEST-OS-4.60_201811-01 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018 2019 年 2 月 5日February 5, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-4.59_201810-01WA-GUEST-OS-4.59_201810-01 2018 年 11 月 8 日November 8, 2018 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-4.58_201809-01WA-GUEST-OS-4.58_201809-01 2018 年 10 月 12 日October 12, 2018 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018

系列 3 发行版本Family 3 releases

Windows Server 2012Windows Server 2012

已安装的 .NET Framework:3.5、4.5.NET Framework installed: 3.5, 4.5

配置字符串Configuration string 发行日期Release date 停用日期Disable date
WA-GUEST-OS-3.72_201904-01WA-GUEST-OS-3.72_201904-01 2019 年 5 月 7 日May 7, 2019 3.74 版发行后Post 3.74
WA-GUEST-OS-3.71_201903-01WA-GUEST-OS-3.71_201903-01 2019 年 3 月 26 日March 26, 2019 3.73 版发行后Post 3.73
WA-GUEST-OS-3.70_201902-01WA-GUEST-OS-3.70_201902-01 2019 年 3 月 12 日March 12, 2019 2019 年 5 月 7 日May 7, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-3.69_201901-01WA-GUEST-OS-3.69_201901-01 2019 年 2 月 5日February 5, 2019 2019 年 3 月 26 日March 26, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-3.68_201812-01WA-GUEST-OS-3.68_201812-01 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019 2019 年 3 月 12 日March 12, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-3.67_201811-01WA-GUEST-OS-3.67_201811-01 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018 2019 年 2 月 5日February 5, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-3.66_201810-01WA-GUEST-OS-3.66_201810-01 2018 年 11 月 8 日November 8, 2018 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-3.65_201809-01WA-GUEST-OS-3.65_201809-01 2018 年 10 月 12 日October 12, 2018 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018

系列 2 发行版本Family 2 releases

Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1

已安装的 .NET Framework:3.5(包括 2.0 和 3.0).NET Framework installed: 3.5 (includes 2.0 and 3.0)

配置字符串Configuration string 发行日期Release date 停用日期Disable date
WA-GUEST-OS-2.85_201904-01WA-GUEST-OS-2.85_201904-01 2019 年 5 月 7 日May 7, 2019 2.87 版发行后Post 2.87
WA-GUEST-OS-2.84_201903-01WA-GUEST-OS-2.84_201903-01 2019 年 3 月 26 日March 26, 2019 2.86 版发行后Post 2.86
WA-GUEST-OS-2.83_201902-01WA-GUEST-OS-2.83_201902-01 2019 年 3 月 12 日March 12, 2019 2019 年 5 月 7 日May 7, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-2.82_201901-01WA-GUEST-OS-2.82_201901-01 2019 年 2 月 5日February 5, 2019 2019 年 3 月 26 日March 26, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-2.81_201812-01WA-GUEST-OS-2.81_201812-01 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019 2019 年 3 月 12 日March 12, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-2.80_201811-01WA-GUEST-OS-2.80_201811-01 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018 2019 年 2 月 5日February 5, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-2.79_201810-01WA-GUEST-OS-2.79_201810-01 2018 年 11 月 8 日November 8, 2018 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-2.78_201809-01WA-GUEST-OS-2.78_201809-01 2018 年 10 月 12 日October 12, 2018 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018

MSRC 修补程序更新MSRC patch updates

此处提供了每月来宾 OS 版本随附的修补程序列表。The list of patches that are included with each monthly Guest OS release is available here.

SDK 支持SDK support

尽管 Azure SDK 停用策略 指出仅支持 2.2 以上的版本,但特定的来宾 OS 允许使用早期版本。Even though the retirement policy for the Azure SDK indicates that only versions above 2.2 are supported, specific Guest OS families allow you to use earlier versions. 应该始终使用最新的受支持 SDK。You should always use the latest supported SDK.

来宾 OS 系列Guest OS Family 兼容的 SDK 版本Compatible SDK Versions
66 版本 2.9.6+Version 2.9.6+
55 版本 2.9.5.1+Version 2.9.5.1+
44 版本 2.1+Version 2.1+
33 版本 1.8+Version 1.8+
22 版本 1.3+Version 1.3+
11 版本 1.0+Version 1.0+

来宾 OS 版本信息Guest OS Release Information

来宾 OS 发行版有三个重要的日期:发行日期停用日期失效日期There are three dates that are important to Guest OS releases: release date, disabled date, and expiration date. 来宾 OS 在门户中可用,并可选作目标来宾 OS。A Guest OS is considered available when it is in the Portal and can be selected as the target Guest OS. 当来宾 OS 到达停用日期时,将从 Azure 中删除。When a Guest OS reaches the disabled date, it is removed from Azure. 但是,面向该来宾 OS 的任何云服务仍会正常运行。However, any Cloud Service targeting that Guest OS will still operate as normal.

在停用日期与失效日期之间有一个缓冲期,可让你轻松地从一个来宾 OS 版本转换到新的版本。The window between the disabled date and the expiration date provides you with a buffer to easily transition from one Guest OS to one newer. 如果正在使用 自动更新版 的来宾 OS,则始终可以获得最新版本,而无需担心失效的问题。If you're using automatic as your Guest OS, you'll always be on the latest version and you don't have to worry about it expiring.

到期日期过后,仍旧使用该来宾 OS 的所有云服务将被停止、删除或强行升级。When the expiration date passes, any Cloud Service still using that Guest OS will be stopped, deleted, or forced to upgrade. 可在此处了解有关停用策略的详细信息。You can read more about the retirement policy here.

来宾 OS 系列版本解释Guest OS Family-Version Explanation

来宾 OS 系列基于发布的 Microsoft Windows Server 版本。The Guest OS families are based on released versions of Microsoft Windows Server. 来宾 OS 是运行 Azure 云服务的基本操作系统。The Guest OS is the underlying operating system that Azure Cloud Services runs on. 每个来宾 OS 都具有系列、版本和版本号。Each Guest OS has a family, version, and release number.

  • Guest OS familyGuest OS family
    :来宾 OS 所基于的 Windows Server 操作系统发行版。A Windows Server operating system release that a Guest OS is based on. 例如, 系列 3 基于 Windows Server 2012。For example, family 3 is based on Windows Server 2012.

  • 来宾 OS 版本Guest OS version
    来宾 OS 系列映像和在生成新的来宾 OS 版本时提供的相关 Microsoft 安全响应中心 (MSRC) 修补程序。Specific to a Guest OS family image plus relevant Microsoft Security Response Center (MSRC) patches that are available at the date the new Guest OS version is produced. 并非提供了所有修补程序。Not all patches may be included.

    版本号从 0 开始,并在每次添加新的一组更新时增加 1。Numbers start at 0 and increment by 1 each time a new set of updates is added. 仅在比较重要时,才会显示尾随零。Trailing zeros are only shown if important. 即,2.10 版是与 2.1 版不同的版本,并且比它晚得多。That is, version 2.10 is a different, much later version than version 2.1.

  • 来宾 OS 发行版Guest OS release
    :来宾 OS 版本的再发行版。A rerelease of a Guest OS version. 如果 Microsoft 在测试期间发现需要更改的问题,就会出现再发行版。A rerelease occurs if Microsoft finds issues during testing; requiring changes. 最新的发行版始终会取代任何以前的发行版(无论是否公开)。The latest release always supersedes any previous releases, public or not. Azure 门户将只允许用户选取给定版本的最新发行版。The Azure portal will only allow users to pick the latest release for a given version. 通常,不会对运行在以前版本上的部署进行强制升级,具体取决于 Bug 的严重性。Deployments running on a previous release are usually not force upgraded depending on the severity of the bug.

在下面的示例中,2 是系列,12 是版本,而“rel2”是发行版本。In the example below, 2 is the family, 12 is the version and "rel2" is the release.

来宾 OS 发行版 - 2.12 rel2Guest OS release - 2.12 rel2

此发行版本的配置字符串 - WA-GUEST-OS-2.12_201208-02Configuration string for this release - WA-GUEST-OS-2.12_201208-02

来宾 OS 的配置字符串嵌入了该相同信息,以及显示考虑为该发行版本包括哪些 MSRC 修补程序的日期。The configuration string for a Guest OS has this same information embedded in it, along with a date showing which MSRC patches were considered for that release. 在此示例中,考虑包括 2012 年 8 月之前(含该日期)为 Windows Server 2008 R2 开发的 MSRC 修补程序。In this example, MSRC patches produced for Windows Server 2008 R2 up to and including August 2012 were considered for inclusion. 仅包括专门应用于该版本的 Windows Server 的修补程序。Only patches specifically applying to that version of Windows Server are included. 例如,如果某个 MSRC 修补程序应用于 Microsoft Office,则它将不包括在内,因为该产品不属于 Windows Server 基本映像。For example, if an MSRC patch applies to Microsoft Office, it will not be included because that product is not part of the Windows Server base image.

来宾 OS 系统更新过程Guest OS System Update Process

本页包含有关即将发布的来宾 OS 版本的信息。This page includes information on upcoming Guest OS Releases. 客户已表明想知道什么时候发行版本,因为如果未设为“自动”更新,他们的云服务角色将重新启动。Customers have indicated that they want to know when a release occurs because their cloud service roles will reboot if they are set to "Automatic" update. 来宾 OS 发行版本通常会在每月第二个星期二发布 MSRC 更新之后的 2-3 周发布。Guest OS releases typically occur 2-3 weeks after the MSRC update release that occurs on the second Tuesday of every month. 新版本包含针对每个来宾 OS 系列的所有相关 MSRC 修补程序。New releases include all the relevant MSRC patches for each Guest OS family.

Azure 不断地发布更新。Azure is constantly releasing updates. 来宾 OS 只不过是此类更新的其中一种。The Guest OS is only one such update in the pipeline. 一个发行版本会受到许多因素影响,不胜列举。A release can be affected by many factors too numerous to list here. 此外,Azure 实际上在成千上万的计算机上运行。In addition, Azure runs on literally hundreds of thousands of machines. 这意味着无法提供重新启动你角色的准确日期和时间。This means that it's impossible to give an exact date and time when your role(s) will reboot. 我们正在致力于限制重新启动或为重新启动定时的计划。We are working on a plan to limit or time reboots.

在发布新的来宾 OS 发行版本时,可能需要一段时间才能在 Azure 中完全传播。When a new release of the Guest OS is published, it can take time to fully propagate across Azure. 在将服务更新为新的来宾 OS 时,将重新启动这些服务以满足更新域限制。As services are updated to the new Guest OS, they are rebooted honoring update domains. 设置为使用“自动”更新的服务将先获取发行版本。Services set to use "Automatic" updates will get a release first. 在更新后,将会在 Azure 门户中看到为你的服务列出新的来宾 OS 版本。After the update, you’ll see the new Guest OS version listed for your service in the Azure portal. 在此期间,可能会发布再发行版本。Rereleases may occur during this period. 某些版本可能需要较长的部署时间,可能不会在正式发行日期后的几个星期内执行自动升级重新启动。Some versions may be deployed over longer periods of time and automatic upgrade reboots may not occur for many weeks after the official release date. 在来宾 OS 可用后,可以从门户或配置文件中显式选择该版本。Once a Guest OS is available, you can then explicitly choose that version from the portal or in your configuration file.

有关重新启动和指针的大量宝贵信息以及有关来宾和主机操作系统更新的更多技术详情,请阅读 MSDN 博客文章 角色实例因操作系统升级而重新启动For a great deal of valuable information on restarts and pointers to more information technical details of Guest and Host OS updates, see the MSDN blog post titled Role Instance Restarts Due to OS Upgrades.

若要手动更新来宾 OS,请参阅来宾 OS 停用策略了解更多信息。If you manually update your Guest OS, see the Guest OS retirement policy for additional information.

来宾 OS 可支持性和停用策略Guest OS Supportability and Retirement Policy

此处解释了来宾 OS 可支持性和停用策略。The Guest OS supportability and retirement policy is explained here.