关于 ExpressRoute DirectAbout ExpressRoute Direct

使用 ExpressRoute Direct,可以直接连接到 Microsoft 战略性分布在全球的对等互连位置的的全球网络。ExpressRoute Direct gives you the ability to connect directly into Microsoft’s global network at peering locations strategically distributed across the world. ExpressRoute Direct 提供双 100 或 10 Gbps 连接,支持大规模的主动/主动连接。ExpressRoute Direct provides dual 100 Gbps or 10 Gbps connectivity, which supports Active/Active connectivity at scale.

ExpressRoute Direct 提供的主要功能包括但不限于:Key features that ExpressRoute Direct provides include, but aren't limited to:

  • 大规模数据引入到存储(如存储和 Cosmos DB)Massive Data Ingestion into services like Storage and Cosmos DB
  • 针对受监管和需要专用和独立连接的行业的物理隔离,例如:银行、政府和零售Physical isolation for industries that are regulated and require dedicated and isolated connectivity like: Banking, Government, and Retail
  • 根据业务部门,细化控制线路分布Granular control of circuit distribution based on business unit

载入到 ExpressRoute DirectOnboard to ExpressRoute Direct

需要先注册订阅,然后才能使用 ExpressRoute Direct。Before using ExpressRoute Direct, you must first enroll your subscription. 若要注册,请使用你的订阅 ID 向 ExpressRouteDirect@microsoft.com 发送一封电子邮件,其中包括以下详细信息:To enroll, send an Email to ExpressRouteDirect@microsoft.com with your subscription ID, including the following details:

  • 需通过 ExpressRoute Direct 完成的方案Scenarios you're looking to accomplish with ExpressRoute Direct
  • 位置首选项 - 请参阅合作伙伴和对等互连位置,获取包含所有位置的完整列表Location preferences - see Partners and peering locations for a complete list of all locations
  • 实现的时间线Timeline for implementation
  • 其他问题Any other questions

使用服务提供程序的 ExpressRoute,以及 ExpressRoute DirectExpressRoute using a service provider and ExpressRoute Direct

使用服务提供程序的 ExpressRouteExpressRoute using a service provider ExpressRoute DirectExpressRoute Direct
使用服务提供程序可以快速载入并连接到现有的基础结构Utilizes service providers to enable fast onboarding and connectivity into existing infrastructure 要求 100 Gbps/10 Gbps基础结构以及对所有层进行全面管理Requires 100 Gbps/10 Gbps infrastructure and full management of all layers
集成数百个提供程序,包括以太网和 MPLSIntegrates with hundreds of providers including Ethernet and MPLS 直接/专用容量,适用于受管制行业和大规模数据引入Direct/Dedicated capacity for regulated industries and massive data ingestion
从 50 Mbps 到 10 Gbps 的线路 SKUCircuits SKUs from 50 Mbps to 10 Gbps 客户可以在 100 Gbps ExpressRoute Direct 上选择以下线路 SKU 的组合:Customer may select a combination of the following circuit SKUs on 100 Gbps ExpressRoute Direct:
  • 5 Gbps5 Gbps
  • 10 Gbps10 Gbps
  • 40 Gbps40 Gbps
  • 100 Gbps100 Gbps
客户可以在 10 Gbps ExpressRoute Direct 上选择以下线路 SKU 的组合:Customer may select a combination of the following circuit SKUs on 10 Gbps ExpressRoute Direct:
  • 1 Gbps1 Gbps
  • 2 Gbps2 Gbps
  • 5 Gbps5 Gbps
  • 10 Gbps10 Gbps
针对单租户优化Optimized for single tenant 针对具有多个业务部门和多个工作环境的单个租户进行了优化Optimized for single tenant with multiple business units and multiple work environments

ExpressRoute Direct 线路ExpressRoute Direct circuits

使用 Microsoft Azure ExpressRoute 可通过连接服务提供商所提供的专用连接,将本地网络扩展到 Microsoft 云。Microsoft Azure ExpressRoute lets you extend your on-premises networks into the Microsoft cloud over a private connection facilitated by a connectivity provider. 使用 ExpressRoute 可与 Microsoft Azure 和 Microsoft 365 等 Microsoft 云服务建立连接。With ExpressRoute, you can establish connections to Microsoft cloud services, such as Microsoft Azure, and Microsoft 365.

每个对等互连位置都可以访问 Microsoft 的全球网络,可以默认访问地缘政治区域中的任何区域,还可以访问使用高级线路的所有全球区域。Each peering location has access to Microsoft’s global network and can access any region in a geopolitical zone by default and can access all global regions with a premium circuit.

大多数方案中的功能相当于使用 ExpressRoute 服务提供商来运营的线路。The functionality in most scenarios is equivalent to circuits that utilize an ExpressRoute service provider to operate. 若要支持进一步细分以及通过 ExpressRoute Direct 提供的新功能,可以使用 ExpressRoute Direct 线路上存在的某些关键功能。To support further granularity and new capabilities offered using ExpressRoute Direct, there are certain key capabilities that exist on ExpressRoute Direct Circuits.

线路 SKUCircuit SKUs

ExpressRoute Direct 支持将数据大规模引入到 Azure 存储和其他大数据服务中的方案。ExpressRoute Direct supports massive data ingestion scenarios into Azure storage and other big data services. 100 Gbps ExpressRoute Direct 上的 ExpressRoute 线路现在也支持 40 Gbps 和 100 Gbps 线路 SKU 。ExpressRoute circuits on 100 Gbps ExpressRoute Direct now also support 40 Gbps and 100 Gbps circuit SKUs. 物理端口对为 100 或 10 Gbps,可以有多个虚拟线路。The physical port pairs are 100 or 10 Gbps only and can have multiple virtual circuits. 线路大小:Circuit sizes:

100 Gbps ExpressRoute Direct100 Gbps ExpressRoute Direct 10 Gbps ExpressRoute Direct10 Gbps ExpressRoute Direct
订阅的带宽:200 GbpsSubscribed Bandwidth: 200 Gbps 订阅的带宽:20 GbpsSubscribed Bandwidth: 20 Gbps
  • 5 Gbps5 Gbps
  • 10 Gbps10 Gbps
  • 40 Gbps40 Gbps
  • 100 Gbps100 Gbps
  • 1 Gbps1 Gbps
  • 2 Gbps2 Gbps
  • 5 Gbps5 Gbps
  • 10 Gbps10 Gbps

技术要求Technical Requirements

  • Microsoft Enterprise Edge Router (MSEE) 接口:Microsoft Enterprise Edge Router (MSEE) Interfaces:

    • 双 10 或 100 千兆位以太网端口,仅跨路由器对Dual 10 or 100 Gigabit Ethernet ports only across router pair
    • 单模式 LR 纤程连接Single Mode LR Fiber connectivity
    • IPv4 和 IPv6IPv4 and IPv6
    • IP MTU 1500 字节IP MTU 1500 bytes
  • 交换机/路由器第 2 层/第 3 层连接:Switch/Router Layer 2/Layer 3 Connectivity:

    • 必须支持 1 802.1Q (Dot1Q) 标记或两个 Tag 802.1Q (QinQ) 标记封装Must support 1 802.1Q (Dot1Q) tag or two Tag 802.1Q (QinQ) tag encapsulation
    • Ethertype = 0x8100Ethertype = 0x8100
    • 必须基于 Microsoft 指定的 VLAN ID 添加外部 VLAN 标记 (STAG) - 仅适用于 QinQMust add the outer VLAN tag (STAG) based on the VLAN ID specified by Microsoft - applicable only on QinQ
    • 必须支持每个端口和设备多个 BGP 会话 (VLAN)Must support multiple BGP sessions (VLANs) per port and device
    • IPv4 和 IPv6 连接。IPv4 and IPv6 connectivity. 对于 IPv6,将不会创建其他子接口。将向现有子接口添加 IPv6 地址。For IPv6 no additional sub-interface will be created. IPv6 address will be added to existing sub-interface.
    • 可选:双向转发检测 (BFD) 支持,默认在 ExpressRoute 线路上的所有专用对等互连上配置Optional: Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) support, which is configured by default on all Private Peerings on ExpressRoute circuits

VLAN 标记VLAN Tagging

ExpressRoute Direct 同时支持 QinQ 和 Dot1Q VLAN 标记。ExpressRoute Direct supports both QinQ and Dot1Q VLAN tagging.

  • QinQ VLAN 标记 允许基于单个 ExpressRoute 线路的隔离路由域。QinQ VLAN Tagging allows for isolated routing domains on a per ExpressRoute circuit basis. Azure 在创建线路时动态分配一个不能更改的 S-Tag。Azure dynamically allocates an S-Tag at circuit creation and cannot be changed. 线路上的每个对等互连(专用对等互连和 Microsoft 对等互连)都会使用唯一的 C-Tag 作为 VLAN。Each peering on the circuit (Private and Microsoft) will utilize a unique C-Tag as the VLAN. C-Tag 不需要在 ExpressRoute Direct 端口的所有线路上独一无二。The C-Tag is not required to be unique across circuits on the ExpressRoute Direct ports.

  • Dot1Q VLAN 标记 允许基于单个 ExpressRoute Direct 端口对的单个标记 VLAN。Dot1Q VLAN Tagging allows for a single tagged VLAN on a per ExpressRoute Direct port pair basis. 在对等互连上使用的 C-Tag 必须在 ExpressRoute Direct 端口对的所有线路和对等互连中独一无二。A C-Tag used on a peering must be unique across all circuits and peerings on the ExpressRoute Direct port pair.

工作流Workflow

工作流workflow

SLASLA

ExpressRoute Direct 提供相同的企业级 SLA,并且可以通过主动/主动冗余连接连接到 Microsoft 全球网络中。ExpressRoute Direct provides the same enterprise-grade SLA with Active/Active redundant connections into the Microsoft Global Network. ExpressRoute 基础设施是冗余的,连接到 Microsoft 全球网络的功能也是冗余的,并且具有多样性,可以根据客户需求进行相应的缩放。ExpressRoute infrastructure is redundant and connectivity into the Microsoft Global Network is redundant and diverse and scales accordingly with customer requirements.

后续步骤Next steps

配置 ExpressRoute DirectConfigure ExpressRoute Direct