有关 Azure IaaS VM 磁盘以及托管和非托管高级磁盘的常见问题解答Frequently asked questions about Azure IaaS VM disks and managed and unmanaged premium disks

本文将对有关 Azure 托管磁盘和 Azure 高级 SSD 盘的一些常见问题进行解答。This article answers some frequently asked questions about Azure Managed Disks and Azure Premium SSD disks.

托管磁盘Managed Disks

什么是 Azure 托管磁盘?What is Azure Managed Disks?

托管磁盘是一种通过处理存储帐户管理来简化 Azure IaaS VM 的磁盘管理的功能。Managed Disks is a feature that simplifies disk management for Azure IaaS VMs by handling storage account management for you. 有关详细信息,请参阅托管磁盘概述For more information, see the Managed Disks overview.

如果从现有的 VHD(80 GB)创建标准托管磁盘,需要多少费用?If I create a standard managed disk from an existing VHD that's 80 GB, how much will that cost me?

从 80 GB VHD 创建的标准托管磁盘被视为下一个可用的标准磁盘大小(S10 磁盘)。A standard managed disk created from an 80-GB VHD is treated as the next available standard disk size, which is an S10 disk. 我们按 S10 磁盘定价收费。You're charged according to the S10 disk pricing. 有关详细信息,请参阅定价页For more information, see the pricing page.

标准托管磁盘是否产生任何事务成本?Are there any transaction costs for standard managed disks?

是的。Yes. 我们针对每个事务进行收费。You're charged for each transaction. 有关详细信息,请参阅定价页For more information, see the pricing page.

对于标准托管磁盘,是对磁盘上的数据实际大小收费还是对磁盘的预配容量收费?For a standard managed disk, will I be charged for the actual size of the data on the disk or for the provisioned capacity of the disk?

我们根据磁盘的预配容量收费。You're charged based on the provisioned capacity of the disk. 有关详细信息,请参阅定价页For more information, see the pricing page.

高级托管磁盘与非托管磁盘的定价有何不同?How is pricing of premium managed disks different from unmanaged disks?

高级托管磁盘的定价与高级非托管磁盘的定价相同。The pricing of premium managed disks is the same as unmanaged premium disks.

是否可以更改托管磁盘的存储帐户类型(标准或高级)?Can I change the storage account type (Standard or Premium) of my managed disks?

是的。Yes. 可以使用 Azure 门户、PowerShell 或 Azure CLI 更改托管磁盘的存储帐户类型。You can change the storage account type of your managed disks by using the Azure portal, PowerShell, or the Azure CLI.

是否可以使用 Azure 存储帐户中的 VHD 文件以不同的订阅创建托管磁盘?Can I use a VHD file in an Azure storage account to create a managed disk with a different subscription?

是的。Yes.

是否可以使用 Azure 存储帐户中的 VHD 文件在不同的区域中创建托管磁盘?Can I use a VHD file in an Azure storage account to create a managed disk in a different region?

不是。No.

客户使用托管磁盘是否存在任何规模限制?Are there any scale limitations for customers that use managed disks?

托管磁盘取消了与存储帐户相关的限制。Managed Disks eliminates the limits associated with storage accounts. 但是,订阅的最大限制为每个区域、每个磁盘类型 50,000 个托管磁盘。However, the maximum limit is 50,000 managed disks per region and per disk type for a subscription.

是否可以生成托管磁盘的增量快照?Can I take an incremental snapshot of a managed disk?

不是。No. 当前的快照功能可提供托管磁盘的完整副本。The current snapshot capability makes a full copy of a managed disk.

可用性集中的 VM 是否可以同时包含托管和非托管磁盘?Can VMs in an availability set consist of a combination of managed and unmanaged disks?

不是。No. 可用性集中的 VM 必须全部使用托管磁盘或全部使用非托管磁盘。The VMs in an availability set must use either all managed disks or all unmanaged disks. 创建可用性集时,可以选择要使用的磁盘类型。When you create an availability set, you can choose which type of disks you want to use.

托管磁盘是否是 Azure 门户中的默认选项?Is Managed Disks the default option in the Azure portal?

是的。Yes.

是否可以创建一个空托管磁盘?Can I create an empty managed disk?

是的。Yes. 可创建空磁盘。You can create an empty disk. 可独立于 VM 创建托管磁盘,例如,不需要将磁盘附加到 VM。A managed disk can be created independently of a VM, for example, without attaching it to a VM.

什么是使用托管磁盘的可用性集的支持容错域计数?What is the supported fault domain count for an availability set that uses Managed Disks?

使用托管磁盘的可用性集的支持容错域计数为 2 或 3,具体取决于它所在的区域。Depending on the region where the availability set that uses Managed Disks is located, the supported fault domain count is 2 or 3.

如何设置用于诊断的标准存储帐户?How is the standard storage account for diagnostics set up?

设置 VM 诊断的专用存储帐户。You set up a private storage account for VM diagnostics.

托管磁盘支持哪类基于角色的访问控制?What kind of Role-Based Access Control support is available for Managed Disks?

托管磁盘支持三个密钥默认角色:Managed Disks supports three key default roles:

  • 所有者:可管理一切内容(包括访问权限)Owner: Can manage everything, including access
  • 参与者:可管理除访问权限以外的一切内容Contributor: Can manage everything except access
  • 读者:可查看一切内容,但不可作出更改Reader: Can view everything, but can't make changes

是否可将托管磁盘复制或导出到专用存储帐户?Is there a way that I can copy or export a managed disk to a private storage account?

可以为托管磁盘生成只读共享访问签名 (SAS) URI,使用它将内容复制到专用存储帐户或本地存储。You can generate a read-only shared access signature (SAS) URI for the managed disk and use it to copy the contents to a private storage account or on-premises storage. 可以通过 Azure 门户、Azure PowerShell、Azure CLI 或 AzCopy 使用 SAS URIYou can use the SAS URI using the Azure portal, Azure PowerShell, the Azure CLI, or AzCopy

是否可以创建托管磁盘副本?Can I create a copy of my managed disk?

客户可以生成托管磁盘的快照,并使用快照创建另一个托管磁盘。Customers can take a snapshot of their managed disks and then use the snapshot to create another managed disk.

是否仍支持非托管磁盘?Are unmanaged disks still supported?

是的,非托管磁盘和托管磁盘均受支持。Yes, both unmanaged and managed disks are supported. 建议对新的工作负荷使用托管磁盘,并将当前的工作负荷迁移到托管磁盘。We recommend that you use managed disks for new workloads and migrate your current workloads to managed disks.

是否可以在同一 VM 上归置非托管和托管磁盘?Can I co-locate unmanaged and managed disks on the same VM?

否。No.

如果创建 128 GB 磁盘,然后将该大小增加到 130 GiB,是否会针对下一磁盘大小 (256 GiB) 进行收费?If I create a 128-GB disk and then increase the size to 130 gibibytes (GiB), will I be charged for the next disk size (256 GiB)?

是的。Yes.

是否可以创建本地冗余存储、异地冗余存储和区域冗余存储托管磁盘?Can I create locally redundant storage, geo-redundant storage, and zone-redundant storage managed disks?

Azure 托管磁盘当前仅支持本地冗余存储托管磁盘。Azure Managed Disks currently supports only locally redundant storage managed disks.

是否可以收缩或缩小托管磁盘?Can I shrink or downsize my managed disks?

不是。No. 目前,不支持此功能。This feature is not supported currently.

是否可以在磁盘上中断租用?Can I break a lease on my disk?

不可以。No. 目前不支持此功能,因为租用的作用是防止磁盘在使用时被意外删除。This is not supported currently as a lease is present to prevent accidental deletion when the disk is being used.

当使用专用(未使用系统准备工具创建或未通用化)操作系统磁盘预配 VM 时,是否可以更改计算机名称属性?Can I change the computer name property when a specialized (not created by using the System Preparation tool or generalized) operating system disk is used to provision a VM?

不可以。No. 无法更新计算机名称属性。You can't update the computer name property. 新 VM 从创建操作系统磁盘时所用的父 VM 继承该属性。The new VM inherits it from the parent VM, which was used to create the operating system disk.

在哪里可找到用于使用托管磁盘创建 VM 的示例 Azure 资源管理器模板?Where can I find sample Azure Resource Manager templates to create VMs with managed disks?

基于 blob 创建磁盘时,与该源 blob 之间是否会一直保持任何现有关系?When creating a disk from a blob, is there any continually existing relationship with that source blob?

否,创建新磁盘时,它是该 blob 在该时间的完整独立副本,两者之间没有联系。No, when the new disk is created it is a full standalone copy of that blob at that time and there is no connection between the two. 如果你愿意,可以在创建磁盘后删除源 blob,这对新创建的磁盘没有任何影响。If you like, once you've created the disk, the source blob may be deleted without affecting the newly created disk in any way.

创建托管或非托管磁盘后,是否可以对其进行重命名?Can I rename a managed or unmanaged disk after it has been created?

对于托管磁盘,无法对其进行重命名。For managed disks you cannot rename them. 但是,可以对非托管磁盘进行重命名,只要它当前未附加到 VHD 或 VM。However, you may rename an unmanaged disk as long as it is not currently attached to a VHD or VM.

可否在 Azure 磁盘上使用 GPT 分区?Can I use GPT partitioning on an Azure Disk?

GPT 分区仅可在数据磁盘上使用,而不可在操作系统磁盘上使用。GPT partitioning can be used only on data disks, not OS disks. 操作系统磁盘必须使用 MBR 分区样式。OS disks must use the MBR partition style.

上传到托管磁盘Uploading to a managed disk

是否可将数据上传到现有的托管磁盘?Can I upload data to an existing managed disk?

不可以。只能在创建 ReadyToUpload 状态的新空磁盘期间使用上传。No, upload can only be used during the creation of a new empty disk with the ReadyToUpload state.

是否可将处于上传状态的磁盘附加到 VM?Can I attach a disk to a VM while it is in an upload state?

否。No.

是否可以创建处于上传状态的托管磁盘的快照?Can I take a snapshot of a manged disk in an upload state?

否。No.

标准 SSD 盘Standard SSD disks

Azure 标准 SSD 盘是什么?What are Azure Standard SSD disks? 标准 SSD 盘是受固态介质支持的标准磁盘,经过优化而作为在较低 IOPS 级别需要一致性能的工作负载的高性价比存储。Standard SSD disks are standard disks backed by solid-state media, optimized as cost effective storage for workloads that need consistent performance at lower IOPS levels.

当前支持标准 SSD 盘的区域有哪些?What are the regions currently supported for Standard SSD disks? 所有 Azure 区域现在都支持标准 SSD 盘。All Azure regions now support Standard SSD disks.

使用标准 SSD 时是否可以使用 Azure 备份?Is Azure Backup available when using Standard SSDs? 是的,Azure 备份现已可用。Yes, Azure Backup is now available.

如何创建标准 SSD 盘?How do I create Standard SSD disks? 可以使用 Azure 资源管理器模板、SDK、PowerShell 或 CLI 创建标准 SSD 盘。You can create Standard SSD disks using Azure Resource Manager templates, SDK, PowerShell, or CLI. 以下为创建标准 SSD 盘时资源管理器模板中所需的参数:Below are the parameters needed in the Resource Manager template to create Standard SSD Disks:

  • Microsoft.Compute 的 apiVersion 必须设置为 2018-04-01(或更高)apiVersion for Microsoft.Compute must be set as 2018-04-01 (or later)
  • 将 managedDisk.storageAccountType 指定为 StandardSSD_LRSSpecify managedDisk.storageAccountType as StandardSSD_LRS

以下示例显示了使用标准 SSD 盘的 VM 的 properties.storageProfile.osDisk 部分:The following example shows the properties.storageProfile.osDisk section for a VM that uses Standard SSD Disks:

"osDisk": {
    "osType": "Windows",
    "name": "myOsDisk",
    "caching": "ReadWrite",
    "createOption": "FromImage",
    "managedDisk": {
        "storageAccountType": "StandardSSD_LRS"
    }
}

有关如何使用模板创建标准 SSD 盘的完整模板示例,请参阅使用标准 SSD 数据磁盘从 Windows 映像创建 VMFor a complete template example of how to create a Standard SSD disk with a template, see Create a VM from a Windows Image with Standard SSD Data Disks.

是否可以将现有磁盘转换为标准 SSD?Can I convert my existing disks to Standard SSD? 可以。Yes, you can. 请参阅将 Azure 托管磁盘存储从标准转换为高级,反之亦然,以了解有关转换托管磁盘的常规指南。Refer to Convert Azure managed disks storage from standard to premium, and vice versa for the general guidelines for converting Managed Disks. 此外,使用以下值将磁盘类型更新为标准 SSD。And, use the following value to update the disk type to Standard SSD. -AccountType StandardSSD_LRS-AccountType StandardSSD_LRS

使用标准 SSD 盘而不使用 HDD 的好处是什么?What is the benefit of using Standard SSD disks instead of HDD? 与 HDD 磁盘相比,标准 SSD 盘可以提供更好的延迟、一致性、可用性和可靠性。Standard SSD disks deliver better latency, consistency, availability, and reliability compared to HDD disks. 因此,应用程序工作负荷可以更平稳地在标准 SSD 上运行。Application workloads run a lot more smoothly on Standard SSD because of that. 注意,高级 SSD 盘是适用于大多数 IO 密集型生产工作负荷的建议解决方案。Note, Premium SSD disks are the recommended solution for most IO-intensive production workloads.

是否可将标准 SSD 用作非托管磁盘?Can I use Standard SSDs as Unmanaged Disks? 不可以,标准 SSD 盘仅可用作托管磁盘。No, Standard SSDs disks are only available as Managed Disks.

标准 SSD 磁盘是否支持“单实例 VM SLA”?Do Standard SSD Disks support "single instance VM SLA"? 不是,标准 SSD 没有单实例 VM SLA。No, Standard SSDs do not have single instance VM SLA. 将高级 SSD 磁盘用于单实例 VM SLA。Use Premium SSD disks for single instance VM SLA.

迁移到托管磁盘Migrate to Managed Disks

迁移对托管磁盘性能是否有影响?Is there any impact of migration on the Managed Disks performance?

迁移涉及将磁盘从一个存储位置移动到另一个存储位置。Migration involves movement of the Disk from one Storage location to another. 这是通过在后台复制数据来安排的,可能需要花费数小时才能完成,通常少于 24 小时,具体取决于磁盘中的数据量。This is orchestrated via background copy of data, which can take several hours to complete, typically less than 24 Hrs depending on the amount of data in the disks. 在此期间,由于一些读取可能被重定向到原始位置,所以应用程序可能会经历比平常更高的读取延迟,并且可能需要花费更长时间才能完成。During that time your application can experience higher than usual read latency as some reads can get redirected to the original location, and can take longer to complete. 在此期间,对写入延迟没有影响。There is no impact on write latency during this period.

迁移到托管磁盘之前/之后,需要在现有的 Azure 备份服务配置中进行哪些更改?What changes are required in a pre-existing Azure Backup service configuration prior/after migration to Managed Disks?

不需要进行任何更改。No changes are required.

在迁移之前通过 Azure 备份服务创建的 VM 备份是否可继续工作?Will my VM backups created via Azure Backup service before the migration continue to work?

是的,备份可以顺利工作。Yes, backups work seamlessly.

迁移到托管磁盘之前/之后,需要在现有的 Azure 磁盘加密配置中进行哪些更改?What changes are required in a pre-existing Azure Disks Encryption configuration prior/after migration to Managed Disks?

不需要进行任何更改。No changes are required.

是否支持将现有虚拟机规模集从非托管磁盘自动迁移到托管磁盘?Is automated migration of an existing virtual machine scale set from unmanaged disks to Managed Disks supported?

否。No. 可以使用包含非托管磁盘的旧规模集中的映像创建包含托管磁盘的新规模集。You can create a new scale set with Managed Disks using the image from your old scale set with unmanaged disks.

是否可以通过迁移到托管磁盘之前创建的页 Blob 快照创建托管磁盘?Can I create a Managed Disk from a page blob snapshot taken before migrating to Managed Disks?

不可以。No. 可将页 Blob 快照导出为页 Blob,然后从导出的页 Blob 创建托管磁盘。You can export a page blob snapshot as a page blob and then create a Managed Disk from the exported page blob.

是否可将 Azure Site Recovery 保护的本地计算机故障转移到包含托管磁盘的 VM?Can I fail over my on-premises machines protected by Azure Site Recovery to a VM with Managed Disks?

是的,可以选择故障转移到包含托管磁盘的 VM。Yes, you can choose to failover to a VM with Managed Disks.

迁移是否影响 Azure Site Recovery 通过 Azure 到 Azure 复制保护的 Azure VM?Is there any impact of migration on Azure VMs protected by Azure Site Recovery via Azure to Azure replication?

是的。Yes. 目前,对包含托管磁盘的 VM 的 Azure Site Recovery Azure 到 Azure 保护以正式版服务的形式提供。Currently, Azure Site Recovery Azure to Azure protection for VMs with Managed Disks is available as a GA service.

是否可以迁移位于存储帐户中现在或以前已加密的 VM 的非托管磁盘迁移到托管磁盘?Can I migrate VMs with unmanaged disks that are located on storage accounts that are or were previously encrypted to managed disks?

Yes

托管磁盘和存储服务加密Managed Disks and Storage Service Encryption

创建托管磁盘时,是否会默认启用 Azure 存储服务加密?Is Azure Storage Service Encryption enabled by default when I create a managed disk?

是的。Yes.

加密密钥由谁管理?Who manages the encryption keys?

世纪互联将管理加密密钥。21Vianet manages the encryption keys.

是否可以为托管磁盘禁用存储服务加密?Can I disable Storage Service Encryption for my managed disks?

不可以。No.

存储服务加密是否仅适用于特定区域?Is Storage Service Encryption only available in specific regions?

不可以。No. 它适用于托管磁盘可用的所有区域。It's available in all the regions where Managed Disks are available. 托管磁盘适用于所有公共区域。Managed Disks is available in all public regions. 这也适用于中国,但仅适用于 21Vianet 托管密钥,不适用于客户托管密钥。It is also available in China, however, only for 21Vianet managed keys, not customer managed keys.

如何确定托管磁盘是否已加密?How can I find out if my managed disk is encrypted?

可以从 Azure 门户、Azure CLI 和 PowerShell 确定托管磁盘的创建时间。You can find out the time when a managed disk was created from the Azure portal, the Azure CLI, and PowerShell. 如果时间是在 2017 年 6 月 9 日之后,则磁盘已加密。If the time is after June 9, 2017, then your disk is encrypted.

如何对 2017 年 6 月 10 日之前创建的现有磁盘加密?How can I encrypt my existing disks that were created before June 10, 2017?

自 2017 年 6 月 10 日起,写入到现有托管磁盘的新数据会自动加密。As of June 10, 2017, new data written to existing managed disks is automatically encrypted. 我们还打算对现有数据进行加密,且在后台以异步方式加密。We are also planning to encrypt existing data, and the encryption will happen asynchronously in the background. 如果必须立即对现有数据进行加密,请创建磁盘的副本。If you must encrypt existing data now, create a copy of your disk. 将对新磁盘进行加密。New disks will be encrypted.

是否已加密托管快照和映像?Are managed snapshots and images encrypted?

是的。Yes. 2017 年 6 月 9 日之后创建的所有托管快照和映像均会自动加密。All managed snapshots and images created after June 9, 2017, are automatically encrypted.

是否可以将 VM 的位于存储帐户且现在或以前已加密的非托管磁盘转换为托管磁盘?Can I convert VMs with unmanaged disks that are located on storage accounts that are or were previously encrypted to managed disks?

Yes

是否同时会加密从托管磁盘或快照导出的 VHD?Will an exported VHD from a managed disk or a snapshot also be encrypted?

不可以。No. 但如果将 VHD 从加密托管磁盘或快照导出到加密存储帐户,则会对其进行加密。But if you export a VHD to an encrypted storage account from an encrypted managed disk or snapshot, then it's encrypted.

高级磁盘:托管和非托管Premium disks: Managed and unmanaged

如果 VM 使用支持高级 SSD 盘的大小系列(比如 DSv2),是否可以同时附加高级和标准数据磁盘?If a VM uses a size series that supports Premium SSD disks, such as a DSv2, can I attach both premium and standard data disks?

是的。Yes.

是否可以同时将高级和标准数据磁盘附加到不支持高级 SSD 盘的大小系列,例如 D、Dv2 或 F 系列?Can I attach both premium and standard data disks to a size series that doesn't support Premium SSD disks, such as D, Dv2, or F series?

否。No. 只可以将标准数据磁盘附加到不使用支持高级 SSD 盘的大小系列的 VM。You can attach only standard data disks to VMs that don't use a size series that supports Premium SSD disks.

如果从现有的 VHD (80 GB) 创建高级数据磁盘,需要多少费用?If I create a premium data disk from an existing VHD that was 80 GB, how much will that cost?

从 80 GB VHD 创建的高级数据磁盘被视为下一个可用的高级磁盘大小(P10 磁盘)。A premium data disk created from an 80-GB VHD is treated as the next-available premium disk size, which is a P10 disk. 我们按 P10 磁盘定价收费。You're charged according to the P10 disk pricing.

使用高级 SSD 盘时是否存在事务成本?Are there transaction costs to use Premium SSD disks?

每个磁盘大小都有固定成本,其根据 IOPS 和吞吐量的特定限制进行预配。There is a fixed cost for each disk size, which comes provisioned with specific limits on IOPS and throughput. 其他成本包括出站带宽和快照容量(如果适用)。The other costs are outbound bandwidth and snapshot capacity, if applicable. 有关详细信息,请参阅定价页For more information, see the pricing page.

可从磁盘缓存获取的 IOPS 和吞吐量限制是多少?What are the limits for IOPS and throughput that I can get from the disk cache?

DS 系列的缓存和本地 SSD 合并限制是每个核心 4,000 IOPS,以及每个核心每秒 33 MiB。The combined limits for cache and local SSD for a DS series are 4,000 IOPS per core and 33 MiB per second per core.

托管磁盘 VM 是否支持本地 SSD?Is the local SSD supported for a Managed Disks VM?

本地 SSD 是托管磁盘 VM 随附的临时存储。The local SSD is temporary storage that is included with a Managed Disks VM. 临时存储不需要额外的成本。There is no extra cost for this temporary storage. 建议不要使用此本地 SSD 来存储应用程序数据,因为这些数据不会永久保存在 Azure Blob 存储中。We recommend that you do not use this local SSD to store your application data because it isn't persisted in Azure Blob storage.

在高级磁盘上使用 TRIM 是否有任何影响?Are there any repercussions for the use of TRIM on premium disks?

在高级或标准磁盘的 Azure 磁盘上使用 TRIM 没有负面影响。There is no downside to the use of TRIM on Azure disks on either premium or standard disks.

新磁盘大小:托管和非托管New disk sizes: Managed and unmanaged

操作系统和数据磁盘支持的最大托管磁盘大小是多少?What is the largest Managed disk size supported for operating system and data disks?

Azure 支持的操作系统磁盘的分区类型是主启动记录 (MBR)。The partition type that Azure supports for an operating system disk is the master boot record (MBR). MBR 格式支持的磁盘最大大小为 2 TiB。The MBR format supports a disk size up to 2 TiB. Azure 支持的操作系统磁盘的最大大小为 2 TiB。The largest size that Azure supports for an operating system disk is 2 TiB. 在 Azure 中国云中,Azure 支持的托管数据磁盘最大大小为 4 TiB。Azure supports up to 4 TiB for managed data disks in Azure China Cloud.

操作系统和数据磁盘支持的最大非托管磁盘大小是多少?What is the largest Unmanaged Disk size supported for operating system and data disks?

Azure 支持的操作系统磁盘的分区类型是主启动记录 (MBR)。The partition type that Azure supports for an operating system disk is the master boot record (MBR). MBR 格式支持的磁盘最大大小为 2 TiB。The MBR format supports a disk size up to 2 TiB. Azure 支持的操作系统非托管磁盘的最大大小为 2 TiB。The largest size that Azure supports for an operating system Unmanaged disk is 2 TiB. Azure 支持的非托管数据磁盘最大大小为 4 TiB。Azure supports up to 4 TiB for data Unmanaged disks.

支持的最大页 blob 大小是多少?What is the largest page blob size that's supported?

Azure 支持的最大页 blob 大小是 8 TiB (8,191 GiB)。The largest page blob size that Azure supports is 8 TiB (8,191 GiB). 附加到 VM 作为数据或操作系统磁盘时,最大页 blob 大小为 4 TiB (4,095 GiB)。The maximum page blob size when attached to a VM as data or operating system disks is 4 TiB (4,095 GiB).

是否需要使用新版本的 Azure 工具来创建、附加、上传大于 1 TiB 的磁盘并重设其大小?Do I need to use a new version of Azure tools to create, attach, resize, and upload disks larger than 1 TiB?

无需升级现有 Azure 工具即可创建、附加大于 1 TiB 的磁盘或重设其大小。You don't need to upgrade your existing Azure tools to create, attach, or resize disks larger than 1 TiB. 若要直接从本地将 VHD 文件作为页 blob 或非托管磁盘上传到到 Azure,需要使用下方列出的最新工具集。To upload your VHD file from on-premises directly to Azure as a page blob or unmanaged disk, you need to use the latest tool sets listed below. 我们仅支持最大大小为 8 TiB 的 VHD 上传。We only support VHD uploads of up to 8 TiB.

Azure 工具Azure tools 支持的版本Supported versions
Azure PowerShellAzure PowerShell 版本号 4.1.0:2017 年 6 月版本或更高版本Version number 4.1.0: June 2017 release or later
Azure CLI v1Azure CLI v1     版本号 0.10.13:2017 年 5 月版本或更高版本Version number 0.10.13: May 2017 release or later
Azure CLI v2Azure CLI v2 版本号 2.0.12:2017 年 7 月版本或更高版本Version number 2.0.12: July 2017 release or later
AzCopyAzCopy 版本号 6.1.0:2017 年 6 月版本或更高版本Version number 6.1.0: June 2017 release or later

非托管磁盘或页 blob 是否支持 P4 和 P6 磁盘大小?Are P4 and P6 disk sizes supported for unmanaged disks or page blobs?

非托管磁盘和页 blob 不支持 P4 (32 GiB) 和 P6 (64 GiB) 磁盘大小作为默认磁盘层。P4 (32 GiB) and P6 (64 GiB) disk sizes are not supported as the default disk tiers for unmanaged disks and page blobs. 需要显式设置 Blob 层,将其设为 P4 和 P6,以便存储映射到这些层的磁盘。You need to explicitly set the Blob Tier to P4 and P6 to have your disk mapped to these tiers. 如果使用少于 32 GiB 或介于 32 GiB 到 64 GiB 之间的磁盘大小或内容长度部署非托管磁盘或页 blob 而不设置 Blob 层,则将继续停留在 P10(500 IOPS 和 100 MiB/秒)和映射的定价层。If you deploy a unmanaged disk or page blob with the disk size or content length less than 32 GiB or between 32 GiB to 64 GiB without setting the Blob Tier, you will continue to land on P10 with 500 IOPS and 100 MiB/s and the mapped pricing tier.

如果在支持较小磁盘(约 2017 年 6 月 15 日)之前创建了小于 64 GiB 的高级托管磁盘,将如何计费?If my existing premium managed disk less than 64 GiB was created before the small disk was enabled (around June 15, 2017), how is it billed?

根据 P10 定价层继续对小于 64 GiB 的现有高级小磁盘计费。Existing small premium disks less than 64 GiB continue to be billed according to the P10 pricing tier.

如何将小于 64 GiB 的高级小磁盘的磁盘层级从 P10 切换到 P4 或 P6?How can I switch the disk tier of small premium disks less than 64 GiB from P10 to P4 or P6?

可以拍摄小磁盘的快照,然后创建磁盘以自动根据预配大小将定价层切换到 P4 或 P6。You can take a snapshot of your small disks and then create a disk to automatically switch the pricing tier to P4 or P6 based on the provisioned size.

是否可以将托管磁盘的大小从小于 4 TiB 调整到最新引入的磁盘大小(最大大小为 32 TiB)?Can you resize existing Managed Disks from sizes fewer than 4 tebibytes (TiB) to new newly introduced disk sizes up to 32 TiB?

是的。Yes.

Azure 备份和 Azure Site Recovery 服务支持的最大磁盘大小是多少?What are the largest disk sizes supported by Azure Backup and Azure Site Recovery service?

Azure 备份和 Azure Site Recovery 服务支持的最大磁盘大小为 4 TiB。The largest disk size supported by Azure Backup and Azure Site Recovery service is 4 TiB. 我们即将添加对最高 32 TiB 大型磁盘的支持。Support for the larger disks up to 32 TiB will be added soon.

标准 SSD 和标准 HDD 大型磁盘大小 (>4 TiB) 用于实现优化磁盘 IOPS 和带宽建议的 VM 大小是多少?What are the recommended VM sizes for larger disk sizes (>4 TiB) for Standard SSD and Standard HDD disks to achieve optimized disk IOPS and Bandwidth?

要使标准 SSD 和标准 HDD 大型磁盘 (>4 TiB) 的磁盘吞吐量超过 500 IOPS 和 60 MiB/秒,我们建议部署下列 VM 大小之一的新 VM 来优化性能:B 系列、DSv2 系列、Dsv3 系列、ESv3 系列、Fs 系列、Fsv2 系列、M 系列或 NCv3 系列。To achieve the disk throughput of Standard SSD and Standard HDD large disk sizes (>4 TiB) beyond 500 IOPS and 60 MiB/s, we recommend you deploy a new VM from one of the following VM sizes to optimize your performance: B-series, DSv2-series, Dsv3-Series, ESv3-Series, Fs-series, Fsv2-series, M-series, or NCv3-series. 将大型磁盘附加到现有 VM 或者不使用上述建议大小的 VM 可能会遇到性能下降的问题。Attaching large disks to existing VMs or VMs that are not using the recommended sizes above may experience lower performance.

如何升级在大型磁盘预览期部署的磁盘 (> 4 TiB),以便在正式版中获得更高的 IOPS 和带宽?How can I upgrade my disks (>4 TiB) which were deployed during the larger disk sizes preview in order to get the higher IOPS & bandwidth at GA?

可以停止然后启动该磁盘附加到 VM,或者分离然后重新附加磁盘。You can either stop and start the VM that the disk is attached to or, detach and re-attach your disk. 在正式版中,高级 SSD 和标准 SSD 大型磁盘的性能目标已提高。The performance targets of larger disk sizes have been increased for both premium SSDs and standard SSDs at GA.

哪些区域支持大于 8 TiB、16 TiB 和 32 TiB 的托管磁盘大小?What regions are the managed disk sizes of 8 TiB, 16 TiB, and 32 TiB supported in?

Azure 全球、 Microsoft Azure 政府和 Azure 中国世纪互联涵盖的所有区域都支持 8 TiB、16 TiB 和 32 TiB 磁盘 SKU。The 8 TiB, 16 TiB, and 32 TiB disk SKUs are supported in all regions under global Azure, Microsoft Azure Government, and Azure China 21Vianet.

是否支持在所有磁盘大小上启用主机缓存?Do we support enabling Host Caching on all disk sizes?

我们支持在小于 4 TiB 的磁盘大小上启用只读和读/写主机缓存。We support Host Caching of ReadOnly and Read/Write on disk sizes less than 4 TiB. 对于超过 4 TiB 的磁盘大小,除提供“无”选项外,我们并不支持设置缓存选项。For disk sizes more than 4 TiB, we don’t support setting caching option other than None. 建议利用较小磁盘大小的缓存,以便通过缓存到 VM 的数据观察到明显的性能提升。We recommend leveraging caching for smaller disk sizes where you can expect to observe better performance boost with data cached to the VM.

如果未在此处找到相关问题怎么办?What if my question isn't answered here?

如果未在此处找到相关问题,请联系我们获取帮助。If your question isn't listed here, let us know and we'll help you find an answer. 若要与 Azure 存储团队和其他社区成员就本文进行沟通,请使用 Azure 支持To engage with the Azure Storage team and other community members about this article, use the Azure Support.

若要提出功能请求,请将请求和想法提交到 Azure 存储反馈论坛To request features, submit your requests and ideas to the Azure Storage feedback forum.