将 VMware VM 和物理服务器灾难恢复到 Azure 时的支持矩阵Support matrix for disaster recovery of VMware VMs and physical servers to Azure

本文汇总了使用 Azure Site Recovery 服务执行从 VMware VM 到 Azure 的灾难恢复时支持的组件和设置。This article summarizes supported components and settings for disaster recovery of VMware VMs to Azure by using Azure Site Recovery.

若要从最简单的部署方案开始使用 Azure Site Recovery,请访问我们的教程To start using Azure Site Recovery with the simplest deployment scenario, visit our tutorials. 可以从此处详细了解 Azure Site Recovery 体系结构。You can learn more about Azure Site Recovery architecture here.

部署方案Deployment scenario

方案Scenario 详细信息Details
VMware VM 的灾难恢复Disaster recovery of VMware VMs 将本地 VMware VM 复制到 Azure。Replication of on-premises VMware VMs to Azure. 可以在 Azure 门户中部署此方案,也可使用 PowerShell 进行部署。You can deploy this scenario in the Azure portal or by using PowerShell.
物理服务器的灾难恢复Disaster recovery of physical servers 将本地 Windows/Linux 物理服务器复制到 Azure。Replication of on-premises Windows/Linux physical servers to Azure. 可以在 Azure 门户中部署此方案。You can deploy this scenario in the Azure portal.

本地虚拟化服务器On-premises virtualization servers

服务器Server 要求Requirements 详细信息Details
VMwareVMware vCenter Server 6.7、6.5、6.0、5.5 或 vSphere 6.7、6.5、6.0、5.5vCenter Server 6.7, 6.5, 6.0, or 5.5 or vSphere 6.7, 6.5, 6.0, or 5.5 建议使用 vCenter 服务器。We recommend that you use a vCenter server.

建议 vSphere 主机和 vCenter 服务器与进程服务器位于同一网络。We recommend that vSphere hosts and vCenter servers are located in the same network as the process server. 默认情况下,进程服务器组件在配置服务器上运行,因此应在此网络中设置配置服务器,除非已设置专用进程服务器。By default the process server components runs on the configuration server, so this will be the network in which you set up the configuration server, unless you set up a dedicated process server.
物理Physical 不适用N/A

Site Recovery 配置服务器Site Recovery configuration server

配置服务器是运行 Site Recovery 组件的本地计算机,这些组件包括配置服务器、进程服务器和主目标服务器。The configuration server is an on-premises machine that runs Site Recovery components, including the configuration server, process server, and master target server. 对于 VMware 复制,请按所有要求设置配置服务器,使用 OVF 模板来创建 VMware VM。For VMware replication you set the configuration server up with all requirements, using an OVF template to create a VMware VM. 对于物理服务器复制,请手动设置配置服务器计算机。For physical server replication, you set the configuration server machine up manually.

组件Component 要求Requirements
CPU 核心数CPU cores 88
RAMRAM 16 GB16 GB
磁盘数目Number of disks 3 磁盘3 disks

磁盘包括 OS 磁盘、进程服务器缓存磁盘和用于故障回复的保留驱动器。Disks include the OS disk, process server cache disk, and retention drive for failback.
磁盘可用空间Disk free space 对于进程服务器缓存,600 GB 的空间是必需的。600 GB of space required for process server cache.
磁盘可用空间Disk free space 对于保留驱动器,600 GB 的空间是必需的。600 GB of space required for retention drive.
操作系统Operating system Windows Server 2012 R2 或 Windows Server 2016Windows Server 2012 R2 or Windows Server 2016
操作系统区域设置Operating system locale 英语 (en-us)English (en-us)
PowerCLIPowerCLI PowerCLI 6.0 对于版本 9.14 及更高版本的配置服务器不是必需的。PowerCLI 6.0 is not required for configuration server with versions from 9.14.
Windows Server 角色Windows Server roles 请勿启用:Don't enable:
- Active Directory 域服务- Active Directory Domain Services
- Internet Information Services- Internet Information Services
- Hyper-V- Hyper-V
组策略Group policies 请勿启用:Don't enable:
- 阻止访问命令提示符。- Prevent access to the command prompt.
- 阻止访问注册表编辑工具。- Prevent access to registry editing tools.
- 信任文件附件的逻辑。- Trust logic for file attachments.
- 打开脚本执行。- Turn on Script Execution.
了解详细信息Learn more
IISIIS 确保:Make sure you:

- 无预先存在的默认网站- Don't have a preexisting default website
- 启用匿名身份验证- Enable anonymous authentication
- 启用 FastCGI 设置- Enable FastCGI setting
- 端口 443 上没有预先存在的网站/应用侦听- Don't have preexisting website/app listening on port 443
NIC 类型NIC type VMXNET3(部署为 VMware VM 时)VMXNET3 (when deployed as a VMware VM)
IP 地址类型IP address type 静态Static
端口Ports 443,用于控制通道协调443 used for control channel orchestration)
9443,用于数据传输9443 used for data transport

复制的计算机Replicated machines

Site Recovery 支持复制在支持的计算机上运行的任何工作负荷。Site Recovery supports replication of any workload running on a supported machine.

组件Component 详细信息Details
计算机设置Machine settings 复制到 Azure 的计算机必须满足 Azure 要求Machines that replicate to Azure must meet Azure requirements.
计算机工作负载Machine workload Site Recovery 支持复制支持的计算机上运行的任何工作负载(如 Active Directory、SQL server 等)。Site Recovery supports replication of any workload (say Active Directory, SQL server etc.,) running on a supported machine. 了解详细信息Learn more.
Windows 操作系统Windows operating system 64 位 Windows Server 2016(服务器核心,带桌面体验的服务器)、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012、带 SP1(或更高版本)的 Windows Server 2008 R2。64-bit Windows Server 2016 (Server Core, Server with Desktop Experience), Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2 with at least SP1.

至少带 SP2 的 Windows Server 2008 - 32 位和 64 位(仅适用于迁移)。Windows Server 2008 with at least SP2 - 32 bit and 64 bit (migration only).

不支持 Windows 2016 Nano Server。Windows 2016 Nano Server isn't supported.
Linux 操作系统体系结构Linux operating system architecture 仅支持 64 位系统。Only 64-bit system is supported. 不支持 32 位系统32-bit system is not supported
Linux 操作系统Linux operating system CentOS:5.2 到 5.11**、6.1 到 6.10**、7.0 到 7.6CentOS: 5.2 to 5.11**, 6.1 to 6.10**, 7.0 to 7.6

Ubuntu 14.04 LTS 服务器 (支持的内核版本)Ubuntu 14.04 LTS server (supported kernel versions)

Ubuntu 16.04 LTS 服务器(支持的内核版本)Ubuntu 16.04 LTS server (supported kernel versions)

Debian 7/Debian 8 (支持的内核版本)Debian 7/Debian 8 (supported kernel versions)

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP1、SP2、SP3 (支持的内核版本)SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP1,SP2,SP3 (supported kernel versions)

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP3**、SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP4 *SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP3**, SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP4 *


-不支持将复制计算机从 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP3 升级到 SP4。-Upgrading replicated machines from SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP3 to SP4 isn't supported. 若要升级,请禁用复制并在升级后重新启用它。To upgrade, disable replication and enable it again after the upgrade.

- 了解有关在 Azure 中支持 Linux 和开源技术的更多信息- Learn more about support for Linux and open source technology in Azure. Site Recovery 会协调故障转移,以在 Azure 中运行 Linux 服务器。Site Recovery orchestrates failover to run Linux servers in Azure. 但是,Linux 供应商可能会限制仅支持尚未达到使用寿命的分发版本。However Linux vendors might limit support to only distribution versions that haven't reached end-of-life.

- 在 Linux 发行版中,仅支持属于分发次要版本/更新的原版内核。- On Linux distributions, only the stock kernels that are part of the distribution minor version release/update are supported.

- 不支持跨主要 Linux 发行版升级受保护的计算机。- Upgrading protected machines across major Linux distribution versions isn't supported. 若要升级,请禁用复制,升级操作系统,然后再重新启用复制。To upgrade, disable replication, upgrade the operating system, and then enable replication again.

- 运行 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.2 到 5.11 或 CentOS 5.2 到 5.11 的服务器应安装有 Linux Integration Services (LIS) 组件,以便在 Azure 中启动计算机。- Servers running Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.2-5.11 or CentOS 5.2-5.11 should have the Linux Integration Services (LIS) components installed for the machines to boot in Azure.

Ubuntu 内核版本Ubuntu kernel versions

支持的版本Supported release Azure Site Recovery 移动服务版本Azure Site Recovery Mobility Service version 内核版本Kernel version
14.04 LTS14.04 LTS [9.24][9.24 UR][9.24][9.24 UR] 3.13.0-24-generic 到 3.13.0-167-generic、3.13.0-24-generic to 3.13.0-167-generic,
3.16.0-25-generic 到 3.16.0-77-generic、3.16.0-25-generic to 3.16.0-77-generic,
3.19.0-18-generic 到 3.19.0-80-generic、3.19.0-18-generic to 3.19.0-80-generic,
4.2.0-18-generic 到 4.2.0-42-generic、4.2.0-18-generic to 4.2.0-42-generic,
4.4.0-21-generic 到 4.4.0-143-generic、4.4.0-21-generic to 4.4.0-143-generic,
4.15.0-1023-azure 到 4.15.0-1040-azure4.15.0-1023-azure to 4.15.0-1040-azure
14.04 LTS14.04 LTS 9.239.23 3.13.0-24-generic 到 3.13.0-165-generic、3.13.0-24-generic to 3.13.0-165-generic,
3.16.0-25-generic 到 3.16.0-77-generic、3.16.0-25-generic to 3.16.0-77-generic,
3.19.0-18-generic 到 3.19.0-80-generic、3.19.0-18-generic to 3.19.0-80-generic,
4.2.0-18-generic 到 4.2.0-42-generic、4.2.0-18-generic to 4.2.0-42-generic,
4.4.0-21-generic 到 4.4.0-142-generic、4.4.0-21-generic to 4.4.0-142-generic,
4.15.0-1023-azure 到 4.15.0-1037-azure4.15.0-1023-azure to 4.15.0-1037-azure
14.04 LTS14.04 LTS 9.229.22 3.13.0-24-generic 到 3.13.0-164-generic、3.13.0-24-generic to 3.13.0-164-generic,
3.16.0-25-generic 到 3.16.0-77-generic、3.16.0-25-generic to 3.16.0-77-generic,
3.19.0-18-generic 到 3.19.0-80-generic、3.19.0-18-generic to 3.19.0-80-generic,
4.2.0-18-generic 到 4.2.0-42-generic、4.2.0-18-generic to 4.2.0-42-generic,
4.4.0-21-generic 到 4.4.0-140-generic、4.4.0-21-generic to 4.4.0-140-generic,
4.15.0-1023-azure 到 4.15.0-1036-azure4.15.0-1023-azure to 4.15.0-1036-azure
14.04 LTS14.04 LTS 9.219.21 3.13.0-24-generic 到 3.13.0-163-generic、3.13.0-24-generic to 3.13.0-163-generic,
3.16.0-25-generic 到 3.16.0-77-generic、3.16.0-25-generic to 3.16.0-77-generic,
3.19.0-18-generic 到 3.19.0-80-generic、3.19.0-18-generic to 3.19.0-80-generic,
4.2.0-18-generic 到 4.2.0-42-generic、4.2.0-18-generic to 4.2.0-42-generic,
4.4.0-21-generic 到 4.4.0-140-generic、4.4.0-21-generic to 4.4.0-140-generic,
4.15.0-1023-azure 到 4.15.0-1035-azure4.15.0-1023-azure to 4.15.0-1035-azure
16.04 LTS16.04 LTS [9.23][9.24 UR][9.23][9.24 UR] 4.4.0-21-generic 到 4.4.0-143-generic、4.4.0-21-generic to 4.4.0-143-generic,
4.8.0-34-generic 到 4.8.0-58-generic、4.8.0-34-generic to 4.8.0-58-generic,
4.10.0-14-generic 到 4.10.0-42-generic、4.10.0-14-generic to 4.10.0-42-generic,
4.11.0-13-generic 到 4.11.0-14-generic、4.11.0-13-generic to 4.11.0-14-generic,
4.13.0-16-generic 到 4.13.0-45-generic、4.13.0-16-generic to 4.13.0-45-generic,
4.15.0-13-generic 到 4.15.0-46-generic4.15.0-13-generic to 4.15.0-46-generic
4.11.0-1009-azure 到 4.11.0-1018-azure、4.11.0-1009-azure to 4.11.0-1018-azure,
4.13.0-1005-azure 到 4.13.0-1018-azure4.13.0-1005-azure to 4.13.0-1018-azure
4.15.0-1012-azure 到 4.15.0-1040-azure4.15.0-1012-azure to 4.15.0-1040-azure
16.04 LTS16.04 LTS 9.239.23 4.4.0-21-generic 到 4.4.0-142-generic、4.4.0-21-generic to 4.4.0-142-generic,
4.8.0-34-generic 到 4.8.0-58-generic、4.8.0-34-generic to 4.8.0-58-generic,
4.10.0-14-generic 到 4.10.0-42-generic、4.10.0-14-generic to 4.10.0-42-generic,
4.11.0-13-generic 到 4.11.0-14-generic、4.11.0-13-generic to 4.11.0-14-generic,
4.13.0-16-generic 到 4.13.0-45-generic、4.13.0-16-generic to 4.13.0-45-generic,
4.15.0-13-generic 到 4.15.0-45-generic4.15.0-13-generic to 4.15.0-45-generic
4.11.0-1009-azure 到 4.11.0-1016-azure、4.11.0-1009-azure to 4.11.0-1016-azure,
4.13.0-1005-azure 到 4.13.0-1018-azure4.13.0-1005-azure to 4.13.0-1018-azure
4.15.0-1012-azure 到 4.15.0-1037-azure4.15.0-1012-azure to 4.15.0-1037-azure
16.04 LTS16.04 LTS 9.229.22 4.4.0-21-generic 到 4.4.0-140-generic、4.4.0-21-generic to 4.4.0-140-generic,
4.8.0-34-generic 到 4.8.0-58-generic、4.8.0-34-generic to 4.8.0-58-generic,
4.10.0-14-generic 到 4.10.0-42-generic、4.10.0-14-generic to 4.10.0-42-generic,
4.11.0-13-generic 到 4.11.0-14-generic、4.11.0-13-generic to 4.11.0-14-generic,
4.13.0-16-generic 到 4.13.0-45-generic、4.13.0-16-generic to 4.13.0-45-generic,
4.15.0-13-generic 到 4.15.0-43-generic4.15.0-13-generic to 4.15.0-43-generic
4.11.0-1009-azure 到 4.11.0-1016-azure、4.11.0-1009-azure to 4.11.0-1016-azure,
4.13.0-1005-azure 到 4.13.0-1018-azure4.13.0-1005-azure to 4.13.0-1018-azure
4.15.0-1012-azure 到 4.15.0-1036-azure4.15.0-1012-azure to 4.15.0-1036-azure
16.04 LTS16.04 LTS 9.219.21 4.4.0-21-generic 到 4.4.0-140-generic、4.4.0-21-generic to 4.4.0-140-generic,
4.8.0-34-generic 到 4.8.0-58-generic、4.8.0-34-generic to 4.8.0-58-generic,
4.10.0-14-generic 到 4.10.0-42-generic、4.10.0-14-generic to 4.10.0-42-generic,
4.11.0-13-generic 到 4.11.0-14-generic、4.11.0-13-generic to 4.11.0-14-generic,
4.13.0-16-generic 到 4.13.0-45-generic、4.13.0-16-generic to 4.13.0-45-generic,
4.15.0-13-generic 到 4.15.0-42-generic4.15.0-13-generic to 4.15.0-42-generic
4.11.0-1009-azure 到 4.11.0-1016-azure、4.11.0-1009-azure to 4.11.0-1016-azure,
4.13.0-1005-azure 到 4.13.0-1018-azure4.13.0-1005-azure to 4.13.0-1018-azure
4.15.0-1012-azure 到 4.15.0-1035-azure4.15.0-1012-azure to 4.15.0-1035-azure
16.04 LTS16.04 LTS 9.209.20 4.4.0-21-generic 到 4.4.0-138-generic、4.4.0-21-generic to 4.4.0-138-generic,
4.8.0-34-generic 到 4.8.0-58-generic、4.8.0-34-generic to 4.8.0-58-generic,
4.10.0-14-generic 到 4.10.0-42-generic、4.10.0-14-generic to 4.10.0-42-generic,
4.11.0-13-generic 到 4.11.0-14-generic、4.11.0-13-generic to 4.11.0-14-generic,
4.13.0-16-generic 到 4.13.0-45-generic、4.13.0-16-generic to 4.13.0-45-generic,
4.15.0-13-generic 到 4.15.0-38-generic4.15.0-13-generic to 4.15.0-38-generic
4.11.0-1009-azure 到 4.11.0-1016-azure、4.11.0-1009-azure to 4.11.0-1016-azure,
4.13.0-1005-azure 到 4.13.0-1018-azure4.13.0-1005-azure to 4.13.0-1018-azure
4.15.0-1012-azure 到 4.15.0-1025-azure4.15.0-1012-azure to 4.15.0-1025-azure

Debian 内核版本Debian kernel versions

支持的版本Supported release Azure Site Recovery 移动服务版本Azure Site Recovery Mobility Service version 内核版本Kernel version
Debian 7Debian 7 9.219.229.23、[9.24][9.24 UR]9.21, 9.22,9.23, [9.24][9.24 UR] 3.2.0-4-amd64 到 3.2.0-6-amd64、3.16.0-0.bpo.4-amd643.2.0-4-amd64 to 3.2.0-6-amd64, 3.16.0-0.bpo.4-amd64
Debian 8Debian 8 9.219.229.23、[9.24][9.24 UR]9.21,9.22,9.23, [9.24][9.24 UR] 3.16.0-4-amd64 到 3.16.0-7-amd64、4.9.0-0.bpo.4-amd64 到 4.9.0-0.bpo.8-amd643.16.0-4-amd64 to 3.16.0-7-amd64, 4.9.0-0.bpo.4-amd64 to 4.9.0-0.bpo.8-amd64

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 支持的内核版本SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 supported kernel versions

版本Release 移动服务版本Mobility service version 内核版本Kernel version
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12(SP1、SP2、SP3、SP4)SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 (SP1,SP2,SP3,SP4) [9.24][9.24 UR][9.24][9.24 UR] SP1 3.12.49-11-default 到 3.12.74-60.64.40-defaultSP1 3.12.49-11-default to 3.12.74-60.64.40-default

SP1(LTSS) 3.12.74-60.64.45-default 到 3.12.74-60.64.107-defaultSP1(LTSS) 3.12.74-60.64.45-default to 3.12.74-60.64.107-default

SP2 4.4.21-69-default 到 4.4.120-92.70-defaultSP2 4.4.21-69-default to 4.4.120-92.70-default

SP2(LTSS) 4.4.121-92.73-default 到 4.4.121-92.101-defaultSP2(LTSS) 4.4.121-92.73-default to 4.4.121-92.101-default

SP3 4.4.73-5-default 到 4.4.175-94.79-defaultSP3 4.4.73-5-default to 4.4.175-94.79-default

SP4 4.12.14-94.41-default 到 4.12.14-95.6-defaultSP4 4.12.14-94.41-default to 4.12.14-95.6-default
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12(SP1、SP2、SP3、SP4)SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 (SP1,SP2,SP3,SP4) 9.239.23 SP1 3.12.49-11-default 到 3.12.74-60.64.40-defaultSP1 3.12.49-11-default to 3.12.74-60.64.40-default

SP1(LTSS) 3.12.74-60.64.45-default 到 3.12.74-60.64.107-defaultSP1(LTSS) 3.12.74-60.64.45-default to 3.12.74-60.64.107-default

SP2 4.4.21-69-default 到 4.4.120-92.70-defaultSP2 4.4.21-69-default to 4.4.120-92.70-default

SP2(LTSS) 4.4.121-92.73-default 到 4.4.121-92.101-defaultSP2(LTSS) 4.4.121-92.73-default to 4.4.121-92.101-default

SP3 4.4.73-5-default 到 4.4.162-94.69-defaultSP3 4.4.73-5-default to 4.4.162-94.69-default

SP4 4.12.14-94.41-default 到 4.12.14-95.6-defaultSP4 4.12.14-94.41-default to 4.12.14-95.6-default
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12(SP1、SP2、SP3)SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 (SP1,SP2,SP3) 9.229.22 SP1 3.12.49-11-default 到 3.12.74-60.64.40-defaultSP1 3.12.49-11-default to 3.12.74-60.64.40-default

SP1(LTSS) 3.12.74-60.64.45-default 到 3.12.74-60.64.107-defaultSP1(LTSS) 3.12.74-60.64.45-default to 3.12.74-60.64.107-default

SP2 4.4.21-69-default 到 4.4.120-92.70-defaultSP2 4.4.21-69-default to 4.4.120-92.70-default

SP2(LTSS) 4.4.121-92.73-default 到 4.4.121-92.98-defaultSP2(LTSS) 4.4.121-92.73-default to 4.4.121-92.98-default

SP3 4.4.73-5-default 到 4.4.162-94.72-defaultSP3 4.4.73-5-default to 4.4.162-94.72-default
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12(SP1、SP2、SP3)SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 (SP1,SP2,SP3) 9.219.21 SP1 3.12.49-11-default 到 3.12.74-60.64.40-defaultSP1 3.12.49-11-default to 3.12.74-60.64.40-default

SP1(LTSS) 3.12.74-60.64.45-default 到 3.12.74-60.64.107-defaultSP1(LTSS) 3.12.74-60.64.45-default to 3.12.74-60.64.107-default

SP2 4.4.21-69-default 到 4.4.120-92.70-defaultSP2 4.4.21-69-default to 4.4.120-92.70-default

SP2(LTSS) 4.4.121-92.73-default 到 4.4.121-92.98-defaultSP2(LTSS) 4.4.121-92.73-default to 4.4.121-92.98-default

SP3 4.4.73-5-default 到 4.4.156-94.72-defaultSP3 4.4.73-5-default to 4.4.156-94.72-default

Linux 文件系统/来宾存储Linux file systems/guest storage

组件Component 支持Supported
文件系统File systems ext3、ext4、XFSext3, ext4, XFS
卷管理器Volume manager 9.20 版以前,Before 9.20 version,
1.支持 LVM。1. LVM is supported.
2. 不支持 LVM 卷上的 /boot。2. /boot on LVM volume is not supported.
3.不支持多个 OS 磁盘。3. Multiple OS disks are not supported.

9.20 版本开始,支持 LVM 上的 /boot。From 9.20 version onwards, /boot on LVM is supported. 不支持多个 OS 磁盘。Multiple OS disks are not supported.
半虚拟化存储设备Paravirtualized storage devices 不支持半虚拟化驱动程序导出的设备。Devices exported by paravirtualized drivers aren't supported.
多队列块 IO 设备Multi-queue block IO devices 不支持。Not supported.
具有 HP CCISS 存储控制器的物理服务器Physical servers with the HP CCISS storage controller 不支持。Not supported.
设备/装入点命名约定Device/Mount point naming convention 设备名称或装入点名称应是唯一的。Device name or mount point name should be unique. 请确保两个设备/装入点的名称不仅仅是只区分大小写。Ensure that no two devices/mount points have case sensitive names.
示例:同一虚拟机中的两个设备不能命名为“device1”和“Device1” 。Example: Naming two devices of same virtual machine as device1 and Device1 is not allowed.
目录Directories 9.20 版以前,Before 9.20 version,
1.下列目录(如果设置为单独的分区/文件系统)都必须位于源服务器上的同一 OS 磁盘上:/(root)、/boot、/usr、/usr/local、/var 和 /etc。1. The following directories (if set up as separate partitions/file-systems) all must be on the same OS disk on the source server: /(root), /boot, /usr, /usr/local, /var, /etc.
2. /boot 应位于磁盘分区上,而不是位于 LVM 卷上。2. /boot should be on a disk partition and not be an LVM volume.

9.20 版开始,以上限制不适用。From 9.20 version onwards, above restrictions are not applicable. 不支持跨多个磁盘的 LVM 卷上的 /boot。/boot on LVM volume across more than one disks is not supported.
启动目录Boot directory 不支持虚拟机上的多个启动盘Multiple boot disks on a virtual machine is not supported

无法保护没有启动盘的计算机A machine without boot disk cannot be protected
可用空间要求Free space requirements /root 分区上的 2 GB2 GB on the /root partition

安装文件夹中的 250 MB250 MB on the installation folder
XFSv5XFSv5 从版本 9.10 开始,移动服务支持 XFS 文件系统上的 XFSv5 功能,例如元数据校验和。XFSv5 features on XFS file systems, such as metadata checksum, are supported from Mobility Service version 9.10 onward. 可使用 xfs_info 实用工具来检查分区的 XFS 超级块。Use the xfs_info utility to check the XFS superblock for the partition. 如果 ftype 设置为 1,则表示正在使用 XFSv5 功能。If ftype is set to 1, then XFSv5 features are in use.
BTRFSBTRFS 从 9.22 版本开始,支持 BTRFS,但以下情况除外From 9.22 version, BTRFS is supported, except for following scenarios
如果启用保护后更改了 BTRFS 文件系统子卷,则不支持 BTRFS。If the BTRFS file system sub-volume is changed after enabling protection, BTRFS is not supported.
如果 BTRFS 文件系统分布在多个磁盘上,则不支持 BTRFS。If the BTRFS file system is spread over multiple disks, BTRFS is not supported.
如果 BTRFS 文件系统支持 RAID,则不支持 BTRFS。If the BTRFS file system supports RAID, BTRFS is not supported.

VM/磁盘管理VM/Disk management

操作Action 详细信息Details
调整复制的 VM 上的磁盘大小Resize disk on replicated VM Supported.
在复制的 VM 上添加磁盘Add disk on replicated VM 为 VM 禁用复制,添加磁盘,然后重新启用复制。Disable replication for the VM, add the disk, and then reenable replication. 目前不支持在复制 VM 上添加磁盘。Adding a disk on a replicating VM isn't currently supported.

网络Network

组件Component 支持Supported
主机网络 NIC 组合Host network NIC Teaming 对于 VMware VM,受支持。Supported for VMware VMs.

对于物理计算机复制,不支持。Not supported for physical machine replication.
主机网络 VLANHost network VLAN 是的。Yes.
主机网络 IPv4Host network IPv4 是的。Yes.
来宾/服务器网络 NIC 组合Guest/server network NIC Teaming 否。No.
来宾/服务器网络 IPv4Guest/server network IPv4 是的。Yes.
来宾/服务器网络静态 IP (Windows)Guest/server network static IP (Windows) 是的。Yes.
来宾/服务器网络静态 IP (Linux)Guest/server network static IP (Linux) 是的。Yes.

VM 配置为在故障回复时使用 DHCP。VMs are configured to use DHCP on failback.
来宾/服务器网络多个 NICGuest/server network multiple NICs 是的。Yes.

Azure VM 网络(故障转移后)Azure VM network (after failover)

组件Component 支持Supported
Azure ExpressRouteAzure ExpressRoute Yes
ILBILB Yes
ELBELB Yes
Azure 流量管理器Azure Traffic Manager Yes
多 NICMulti-NIC Yes
保留 IP 地址Reserved IP address Yes
IPv4IPv4 Yes
保留源 IP 地址Retain source IP address Yes
Azure 虚拟网络服务终结点Azure Virtual Network service endpoints
Yes
加速网络Accelerated Networking No

存储Storage

组件Component 支持Supported
动态磁盘Dynamic disk 操作系统磁盘必须是基本磁盘。Operation System disk must be a basic disk.

数据磁盘可以是动态磁盘Data disks can be dynamic disks
Docker 磁盘配置Docker disk configuration No
主机 NFSHost NFS 在 VMware 上支持Yes for VMware

在物理服务器上不支持No for physical servers
主机 SAN (iSCSI/FC)Host SAN (iSCSI/FC) Yes
主机 vSANHost vSAN 在 VMware 上支持Yes for VMware

在物理服务器上不适用N/A for physical servers
主机多路径 (MPIO)Host multipath (MPIO) 是,针对以下项进行了测试:Microsoft DSM、EMC PowerPath 5.7 SP4、EMC PowerPath DSM for CLARiiONYes, tested with Microsoft DSM, EMC PowerPath 5.7 SP4, EMC PowerPath DSM for CLARiiON
主机虚拟卷 (VVols)Host Virtual Volumes (VVols) 在 VMware 上支持Yes for VMware

在物理服务器上不适用N/A for physical servers
来宾/服务器 VMDKGuest/server VMDK Yes
来宾/服务器共享群集磁盘Guest/server shared cluster disk No
来宾/服务器加密磁盘Guest/server encrypted disk No
来宾/服务器 NFSGuest/server NFS No
来宾/服务器 SMB 3.0Guest/server SMB 3.0 No
来宾/服务器 RDMGuest/server RDM Yes

在物理服务器上不适用N/A for physical servers
> 1 TB 的来宾/服务器磁盘Guest/server disk > 1 TB Yes

最大 4,095 GBUp to 4,095 GB

磁盘必须大于 1024 MB。Disk must be larger than 1024 MB.
逻辑和物理扇区大小均为 4K 的来宾/服务器磁盘Guest/server disk with 4K logical and 4k physical sector size Yes
逻辑扇区大小为 4K 且物理扇区大小为 512 字节 的来宾/服务器磁盘Guest/server disk with 4K logical and 512 bytes physical sector size Yes
包含 > 4 TB 的条带化磁盘的来宾/服务器卷Guest/server volume with striped disk >4 TB

逻辑卷管理 (LVM)Logical volume management (LVM)
Yes
来宾/服务器 - 存储空间Guest/server - Storage Spaces No
来宾/服务器热添加/删除磁盘Guest/server hot add/remove disk No
来宾/服务器 - 排除磁盘Guest/server - exclude disk Yes
来宾/服务器多路径 (MPIO)Guest/server multipath (MPIO) No
来宾/服务器 EFI/UEFI 启动Guest/server EFI/UEFI boot 将运行 Windows Server 2012 或更高版本的 VMware VM 或物理服务器迁移到 Azure 时支持。Supported when migrating VMware VMs or physical servers running Windows Server 2012 or later to Azure.

只能复制 VM 以进行迁移。You can only replicate VMs for migration. 不支持故障回复到本地。Failback to on-premises isn't supported.

服务器在 OS 磁盘上不应具有四个以上分区。The server shouldn't have more than four partitions on the OS disk.

需要移动服务 9.13 版或更高版本。Requires Mobility Service version 9.13 or later.

仅支持 NTFS。Only NTFS is supported.

复制通道Replication channels

复制类型Type of replication 支持Supported
卸载的数据传输 (ODX)Offloaded Data Transfers (ODX) No
脱机设定种子Offline Seeding No
Azure Data BoxAzure Data Box No

Azure 存储Azure storage

组件Component 支持Supported
本地冗余存储Locally redundant storage Yes
异地冗余存储Geo-redundant storage Yes
读取访问异地冗余存储Read-access geo-redundant storage Yes
冷存储Cool storage No
热存储Hot storage No
块 BlobBlock blobs No
静态加密(存储服务加密)Encryption at rest (Storage Service Encryption) Yes
高级存储Premium storage Yes
导入/导出服务Import/export service No
在目标存储/缓存存储帐户(用来存储复制数据)上配置的用于虚拟网络的 Azure 存储防火墙Azure Storage firewalls for virtual networks configured on target storage/cache storage account (used to store replication data) Yes
常规用途 V2 存储帐户(包括热存储层和冷存储层)General purpose v2 storage accounts (both hot and cool tiers) No

Azure 计算Azure compute

功能Feature 支持Supported
可用性集Availability sets Yes
HUBHUB Yes
托管磁盘Managed disks Yes

Azure VM 要求Azure VM requirements

复制到 Azure 的本地 VM 必须满足此表中汇总的 Azure VM 要求。On-premises VMs that you replicate to Azure must meet the Azure VM requirements summarized in this table. Site Recovery 运行先决条件检查时,如果不符合某些要求,该检查将失败。When Site Recovery runs a prerequisites check, it will fail if some of the requirements aren't met.

组件Component 要求Requirements 详细信息Details
来宾操作系统Guest operating system 验证复制的计算机支持的操作系统Verify supported operating systems for replicated machines. 如果不支持,检查会失败。Check fails if unsupported.
来宾操作系统体系结构Guest operating system architecture 64 位。64-bit. 如果不支持,检查会失败。Check fails if unsupported.
操作系统磁盘大小Operating system disk size 最大 2,048 GB。Up to 2,048 GB. 如果不支持,检查会失败。Check fails if unsupported.
操作系统磁盘计数Operating system disk count 11 如果不支持,检查会失败。Check fails if unsupported.
数据磁盘计数Data disk count 64 或更少。64 or less. 如果不支持,检查会失败。Check fails if unsupported.
数据磁盘大小Data disk size 最大 4,095 GBUp to 4,095 GB 如果不支持,检查会失败。Check fails if unsupported.
网络适配器Network adapters 支持多个适配器。Multiple adapters are supported.
共享 VHDShared VHD 不支持。Not supported. 如果不支持,检查会失败。Check fails if unsupported.
FC 磁盘FC disk 不支持。Not supported. 如果不支持,检查会失败。Check fails if unsupported.
BitLockerBitLocker 不支持。Not supported. 为计算机启用复制之前,必须先禁用 BitLocker。BitLocker must be disabled before you enable replication for a machine.
VM 名称VM name 1 到 63 个字符。From 1 to 63 characters.

限制为字母、数字和连字符。Restricted to letters, numbers, and hyphens.

计算机名称必须以字母或数字开头和结尾。The machine name must start and end with a letter or number.
请在 Site Recovery 中的计算机属性中更新该值。Update the value in the machine properties in Site Recovery.

Azure Site Recovery 改动限制Azure Site Recovery churn limits

下表提供了 Azure Site Recovery 限制。The following table provides the Azure Site Recovery limits. 这些限制基于我们的测试,但无法涵盖所有可能的应用程序 I/O 组合。These limits are based on our tests, but they cannot cover all possible application I/O combinations. 实际结果可能因应用程序 I/O 组合而异。Actual results can vary based on your application I/O mix. 为了获得最佳结果,我们强烈建议运行部署规划器工具并通过发出测试性故障转移命令来执行广泛的应用程序测试,以获得应用程序的真实性能图。For best results, we strongly recommend to run deployment planner tool and perform extensive application testing by issuing a test failover to get the true performance picture of the application.

复限制复制存储目标Replication storage target 平均源磁盘 I/O 大小Average source disk I/O size 平均源磁盘数据变动量Average source disk data churn 每天的总源磁盘数据变动量Total source disk data churn per day
标准存储Standard storage 8 KB8 KB 2 MB/秒2 MB/s 每个磁盘 168 GB168 GB per disk
高级 P10 或 P15 磁盘Premium P10 or P15 disk 8 KB8 KB 2 MB/秒2 MB/s 每个磁盘 168 GB168 GB per disk
高级 P10 或 P15 磁盘Premium P10 or P15 disk 16 KB16 KB 4 MB/秒4 MB/s 每个磁盘 336 GB336 GB per disk
高级 P10 或 P15 磁盘Premium P10 or P15 disk 至少 32 KB32 KB or greater 8 MB/秒8 MB/s 每个磁盘 672 GB672 GB per disk
高级 P20、P30、P40 或 P50 磁盘Premium P20 or P30 or P40 or P50 disk 8 KB8 KB 5 MB/秒5 MB/s 每个磁盘 421 GB421 GB per disk
高级 P20、P30、P40 或 P50 磁盘Premium P20 or P30 or P40 or P50 disk 至少 16 KB16 KB or greater 20 MB/秒20 MB/s 每个磁盘 1684 GB1684 GB per disk
源数据变动量Source data churn 最大限制Maximum Limit
每个 VM 的平均数据变动量Average data churn per VM 25 MB/秒25 MB/s
VM 上所有磁盘的峰值数据变动量Peak data churn across all disks on a VM 54 MB/秒54 MB/s
进程服务器支持的每日最大数据变动量Maximum data churn per day supported by a Process Server 2 TB2 TB

这是在假设存在 30% 的 I/O 重叠的情况下给出的平均数。These are average numbers assuming a 30 percent I/O overlap. Site Recovery 能够根据重叠率、较大的写入大小和实际工作负荷 I/O 行为处理更高的吞吐量。Site Recovery is capable of handling higher throughput based on overlap ratio, larger write sizes, and actual workload I/O behavior. 上述数字假设通常情况下存在大约 5 分钟的积压工作。The preceding numbers assume a typical backlog of approximately five minutes. 也就是说,数据在上传后会在 5 分钟内进行处理并创建恢复点。That is, after data is uploaded, it is processed and a recovery point is created within five minutes.

保管库任务Vault tasks

操作Action 支持Supported
跨资源组移动保管库Move vault across resource groups

订阅内和跨订阅移动Within and across subscriptions
No
跨资源组移动存储、网络和 Azure VMMove storage, network, Azure VMs across resource groups

订阅内和跨订阅移动Within and across subscriptions
No

下载最新的 Azure Site Recovery 组件Download latest Azure Site Recovery components

名称Name 说明Description 最新版本下载说明Latest version download instructions
配置服务器Configuration server 协调本地 VMware 服务器和 Azure 之间的通信Coordinates communications between on-premises VMware servers and Azure

安装在本地 VMware 服务器上Installed on on-premises VMware servers
有关详细信息,请访问我们的关于全新安装将现有组件升级到最新版本的指南。For more information, visit our guidance on fresh installation and upgrade of existing component to latest version.
进程服务器Process server 默认安装在配置服务器上。Installed by default on the configuration server. 它接收复制数据,通过缓存、压缩和加密对其进行优化,然后将数据发送到 Azure 存储。It receives replication data; optimizes it with caching, compression, and encryption; and sends it to Azure Storage. 随着部署扩大,可以另外添加单独的进程服务器来处理更大的复制流量。As your deployment grows, you can add additional, separate process servers to handle larger volumes of replication traffic. 有关详细信息,请访问我们的关于全新安装将现有组件升级到最新版本的指南。For more information, visit our guidance on fresh installation and upgrade of existing component to latest version.
移动服务Mobility Service 协调本地 VMware 服务器/物理服务器和 Azure/辅助站点之间的复制Coordinates replication between on-premises VMware servers/physical servers and Azure/secondary site

在想要复制的 VMware VM 或物理服务器上安装Installed on VMware VM or physical servers you want to replicate
有关详细信息,请访问我们的关于全新安装将现有组件升级到最新版本的指南。For more information, visit our guidance on fresh installation and upgrade of existing component to latest version.

若要了解有关最新功能的详细信息,请访问最新发行说明To learn more about the latest features, visit latest release notes.

后续步骤Next steps

了解如何为 VMware VM 的灾难恢复准备 Azure。Learn how to prepare Azure for disaster recovery of VMware VMs.