使用 Azure 备份服务器备份系统状态并将计算机还原成裸机Back up system state and restore to bare metal by using Azure Backup Server

Azure 备份服务器备份系统状态,并提供裸机恢复 (BMR) 保护。Azure Backup Server backs up system state and provides bare-metal recovery (BMR) protection.

  • 系统状态备份:备份操作系统文件。System state backup: Backs up operating system files. 通过这种备份可以在计算机启动时进行恢复,但系统文件和注册表会丢失。This backup allows you to recover when a computer starts, but system files and the registry are lost. 系统状态备份包括以下要素:A system state backup includes the following elements:
    • 域成员:启动文件、COM+ 类注册数据库、注册表Domain member: Boot files, COM+ class registration database, registry
    • 域控制器:Windows Server Active Directory (NTDS)、启动文件、COM+ 类注册数据库、注册表、系统卷 (SYSVOL)Domain controller: Windows Server Active Directory (NTDS), boot files, COM+ class registration database, registry, system volume (SYSVOL)
    • 运行群集服务的计算机:群集服务器元数据Computer that runs cluster services: Cluster server metadata
    • 运行证书服务的计算机:证书数据Computer that runs certificate services: Certificate data
  • 裸机备份:备份操作系统文件和关键卷上的所有数据(用户数据除外)。Bare-metal backup: Backs up operating system files and all data on critical volumes, except for user data. 根据定义,BMR 备份包括系统状态备份。By definition, a BMR backup includes a system state backup. 在计算机不会启动的情况下,如果必须彻底恢复,则可通过此备份获得保护。It provides protection when a computer won't start and you have to recover everything.

下表总结了可以备份和恢复的内容。The following table summarizes what you can back up and recover. 有关可以通过系统状态和 BMR 保护的应用版本的信息,请参阅 Azure 备份服务器备份哪些内容?For information about app versions that system state and BMR can protect, see What does Azure Backup Server back up?.

BackupBackup 问题Issue 从 Azure 备份服务器备份恢复Recover from Azure Backup Server backup 从系统状态备份恢复Recover from system state backup BMRBMR
**** 文件数据File data

常规数据备份Regular data backup

BMR/系统状态备份BMR/system state backup
丢失文件数据Lost file data YY NN NN
**** 文件数据File data

对文件数据进行 Azure 备份服务器备份Azure Backup Server backup of file data

BMR/系统状态备份BMR/system state backup
丢失或损坏操作系统Lost or damaged operating system NN YY YY
**** 文件数据File data

对文件数据进行 Azure 备份服务器备份Azure Backup Server backup of file data

BMR/系统状态备份BMR/system state backup
丢失服务器(数据卷完整)Lost server (data volumes intact) NN NN YY
**** 文件数据File data

对文件数据进行 Azure 备份服务器备份Azure Backup Server backup of file data

BMR/系统状态备份BMR/system state backup
丢失服务器(数据卷丢失)Lost server (data volumes lost) YY NN YY

BMR,随后对已备份文件数据进行常规恢复BMR, followed by regular recovery of backed-up file data
SharePoint 数据SharePoint data

对场数据进行 Azure 备份服务器备份Azure Backup Server backup of farm data

BMR/系统状态备份BMR/system state backup
丢失站点、列表、列表项、文档Lost site, lists, list items, documents YY NN NN
SharePoint 数据SharePoint data

对场数据进行 Azure 备份服务器备份Azure Backup Server backup of farm data

BMR/系统状态备份BMR/system state backup
丢失或损坏操作系统Lost or damaged operating system NN YY YY
SharePoint 数据SharePoint data

对场数据进行 Azure 备份服务器备份Azure Backup Server backup of farm data

BMR/系统状态备份BMR/system state backup
灾难恢复Disaster recovery NN NN NN
Windows Server 2012 R2 Hyper-VWindows Server 2012 R2 Hyper-V

对 Hyper-V 主机或来宾进行 Azure 备份服务器备份Azure Backup Server backup of Hyper-V host or guest

对主机进行 BMR/系统状态备份BMR/system state backup of host
丢失 VMLost VM YY NN NN
Hyper-VHyper-V

对 Hyper-V 主机或来宾进行 Azure 备份服务器备份Azure Backup Server backup of Hyper-V host or guest

对主机进行 BMR/系统状态备份BMR/system state backup of host
丢失或损坏操作系统Lost or damaged operating system NN YY YY
Hyper-VHyper-V

对 Hyper-V 主机或来宾进行 Azure 备份服务器备份Azure Backup Server backup of Hyper-V host or guest

对主机进行 BMR/系统状态备份BMR/system state backup of host
丢失 Hyper-V 主机(VM 完整)Lost Hyper-V host (VMs intact) NN NN YY
Hyper-VHyper-V

对 Hyper-V 主机或来宾进行 Azure 备份服务器备份Azure Backup Server backup of Hyper-V host or guest

对主机进行 BMR/系统状态备份BMR/system state backup of host
丢失 Hyper-V 主机(VM 丢失)Lost Hyper-V host (VMs lost) NN NN YY

BMR,随后进行常规 Azure 备份服务器恢复BMR, followed by regular Azure Backup Server recovery
SQL Server/ExchangeSQL Server/Exchange

Azure 备份服务器应用备份Azure Backup Server app backup

BMR/系统状态备份BMR/system state backup
丢失应用数据Lost app data YY NN NN
SQL Server/ExchangeSQL Server/Exchange

Azure 备份服务器应用备份Azure Backup Server app backup

BMR/系统状态备份BMR/system state backup
丢失或损坏操作系统Lost or damaged operating system NN YY YY
SQL Server/ExchangeSQL Server/Exchange

Azure 备份服务器应用备份Azure Backup Server app backup

BMR/系统状态备份BMR/system state backup
服务器丢失(数据库/事务日志完整)Lost server (database/transaction logs intact) NN NN YY
SQL Server/ExchangeSQL Server/Exchange

Azure 备份服务器应用备份Azure Backup Server app backup

BMR/系统状态备份BMR/system state backup
服务器丢失(数据库/事务日志丢失)Lost server (database/transaction logs lost) NN NN YY

BMR 恢复,随后进行常规 Azure 备份服务器恢复BMR recovery, followed by regular Azure Backup Server recovery

系统状态备份工作原理How system state backup works

当系统状态备份运行时,备份服务器会与 Windows Server 备份通信,请求对服务器的系统状态进行备份。When a system state backup runs, Backup Server communicates with Windows Server Backup to request a backup of the server's system state. 默认情况下,备份服务器和 Windows Server 备份会使用可用空间可用程度最高的驱动器。By default, Backup Server and Windows Server Backup use the drive that has the most available free space. 有关该驱动器的信息保存在 PSDataSourceConfig.xml 文件中。Information about this drive is saved in the PSDataSourceConfig.xml file.

可以自定义驱动器,供备份服务器用于系统状态备份:You can customize the drive that Backup Server uses for the system state backup:

  1. 在受保护的服务器上,转到 C:\Program Files\Microsoft Data Protection Manager\MABS\DatasourcesOn the protected server, go to C:\Program Files\Microsoft Data Protection Manager\MABS\Datasources.
  2. 打开 PSDataSourceConfig.xml 文件进行编辑。Open the PSDataSourceConfig.xml file for editing.
  3. 更改驱动器号的 <FilesToProtect> 值。Change the <FilesToProtect> value for the drive letter.
  4. 保存并关闭该文件。Save and close the file.

如果设置了某个保护组来保护计算机的系统状态,请运行一致性检查。If a protection group is set to protect the system state of the computer, then run a consistency check. 如果生成了警报,请在警报中选择“修改保护组”,并完成向导中的页面。****If an alert is generated, then select Modify protection group in the alert, and then complete the pages in the wizard. 然后再次运行一致性检查。Then run another consistency check.

如果保护服务器位于群集中,则可能会选择群集驱动器作为可用空间最多的驱动器。If the protection server is in a cluster, a cluster drive might be selected as the drive that has the most free space. 如果该驱动器的所有权已切换到另一节点,且系统状态备份已运行,则该驱动器将不可用,备份将会失败。If that drive ownership is switched to another node and a system state backup runs, then the drive is unavailable and the backup fails. 在这种情况下,请将 PSDataSourceConfig.xml 修改为指向本地驱动器。In this scenario, modify PSDataSourceConfig.xml to point to a local drive.

接下来,Windows Server 备份在还原文件夹的根目录中创建名为 WindowsImageBackup 的文件夹。Next, Windows Server Backup creates a folder called WindowsImageBackup in the root of the restore folder. Windows Server 备份创建备份以后,所有数据就会置于该文件夹中。As Windows Server Backup creates the backup, all the data is placed in this folder. 备份完成后,文件将传输到备份服务器计算机。When the backup finishes, the file is transferred to the Backup Server computer. 请注意以下信息:Note the following information:

  • 备份或传输完成时不会清理该文件夹及其内容。This folder and its contents aren't cleaned up when the backup or transfer finishes. 更准确地说,系统会保留该空间来完成下一次备份。The best way to think of this is that the space is reserved for the next time a backup finishes.
  • 每次备份都会创建该文件夹。The folder is created for every backup. 时间和日期戳反映了上次系统状态备份的时间。The time and date stamp reflect the time of your last system state backup.

BMR 备份的工作原理How BMR backup works

进行 BMR(包括系统状态备份)时,备份作业直接保存到备份服务器计算机上的共享中,For BMR (including a system state backup), the backup job is saved directly to a share on the Backup Server computer. 而不是保存到受保护服务器上的文件夹中。It's not saved to a folder on the protected server.

备份服务器调用 Windows Server 备份,并共享该 BMR 备份的副本卷。Backup Server calls Windows Server Backup and shares out the replica volume for that BMR backup. 在这种情况下,它不会要求 Windows Server 备份使用可用空间最多的驱动器,In this case, it doesn't require Windows Server Backup to use the drive that has the most free space. 而是使用为作业创建的共享。Instead, it uses the share that was created for the job.

备份完成后,文件将传输到备份服务器计算机。When the backup finishes, the file is transferred to the Backup Server computer. 日志存储在 C:\Windows\Logs\WindowsServerBackup 中。Logs are stored in C:\Windows\Logs\WindowsServerBackup.

先决条件和限制Prerequisites and limitations

  • 运行 Windows Server 2003 或客户端操作系统的计算机不支持 BMR。BMR isn't supported for computers that run Windows Server 2003 or for computers that run a client operating system.

  • 不能在不同保护组中对同一计算机实施 BMR 和系统状态保护。You can't protect BMR and system state for the same computer in different protection groups.

  • 备份服务器计算机不能在 BMR 时进行自我保护。A Backup Server computer can't protect itself for BMR.

  • BMR 时,不支持通过备份到磁带(磁盘到磁带,简称 D2T)进行短期保护。Short-term protection to tape (disk to tape, or D2T) isn't supported for BMR. 支持长期存储到磁带(磁盘到磁盘再到磁带,简称 D2D2T)。Long-term storage to tape (disk to disk to tape, or D2D2T) is supported.

  • 若要进行 BMR 保护,必须将 Windows Server 备份安装在受保护计算机上。For BMR protection, Windows Server Backup must be installed on the protected computer.

  • 进行 BMR 保护时,备份服务器对受保护计算机没有任何空间要求,这一点与系统状态保护不同。For BMR protection, unlike for system state protection, Backup Server has no space requirements on the protected computer. Windows Server 备份直接将备份传输到备份服务器计算机。Windows Server Backup directly transfers backups to the Backup Server computer. 备份传输作业不显示在备份服务器的“作业”视图中。****The backup transfer job doesn't appear in the Backup Server Jobs view.

  • 备份服务器在 BMR 的副本卷上保留 30 GB 的空间。Backup Server reserves 30 GB of space on the replica volume for BMR. 可以在“修改保护组向导”的“磁盘分配”页中更改此空间分配。****You can change this space allotment on the Disk Allocation page in the Modify Protection Group Wizard. 或者,可以使用 Get-DatasourceDiskAllocation 和 Set-DatasourceDiskAllocation PowerShell cmdlet。Or you can use the Get-DatasourceDiskAllocation and Set-DatasourceDiskAllocation PowerShell cmdlets. 在恢复点卷上,BMR 保护需要大约 6 GB 的空间对内容保留五天的时间。On the recovery point volume, BMR protection requires about 6 GB for a retention of five days.

    • 不能将副本卷大小降到 15 GB 以下。You can't reduce the replica volume size to less than 15 GB.
    • 备份服务器不计算 BMR 数据源的大小,Backup Server doesn't calculate the size of the BMR data source. 而是对所有服务器都假定一个 30 GB 的大小。It assumes 30 GB for all servers. 请根据环境中预期会进行的 BMR 备份的大小更改此值。Change the value based on the size of BMR backups that you expect in your environment. 粗略计算的话,BMR 备份的大小就是所有关键卷上已用空间之和。You can roughly calculate the size of a BMR backup as the sum of used space on all critical volumes. 关键卷 = 启动卷 + 系统卷 + 托管系统状态数据的卷,例如 Active Directory。Critical volumes = boot volume + system volume + volume hosting system state data, such as Active Directory.
  • 如果从系统状态保护更改为 BMR 保护,则 BMR 保护在恢复点卷上需要较少的空间,**If you change from system state protection to BMR protection, then BMR protection requires less space on the recovery point volume. 但系统不会回收该卷上的多余空间。However, the extra space on the volume isn't reclaimed. 可以在“修改保护组向导”的“修改磁盘分配”页中手动缩减卷大小。****You can manually shrink the volume size on the Modify Disk Allocation page of the Modify Protection Group Wizard. 或者,可以使用 Get-DatasourceDiskAllocation 和 Set-DatasourceDiskAllocation PowerShell cmdlet。Or you can use the Get-DatasourceDiskAllocation and Set-DatasourceDiskAllocation PowerShell cmdlets.

    如果从系统状态保护更改为 BMR 保护,则 BMR 保护在副本卷上需要较多的空间,**If you change from system state protection to BMR protection, then BMR protection requires more space on the replica volume. 系统会自动扩展该卷。The volume is automatically extended. 若要更改默认的空间分配,请使用 Modify-DiskAllocation PowerShell cmdlet。If you want to change the default space allocations, then use the Modify-DiskAllocation PowerShell cmdlet.

  • 如果从 BMR 保护更改为系统状态保护,则需要恢复点卷上有较多的空间。If you change from BMR protection to system state protection, then you need more space on the recovery point volume. 备份服务器可能会尝试自动增大卷。Backup Server might try to automatically increase the volume. 如果存储池中没有足够的空间,就会出错。If the storage pool doesn't have sufficient space, an error occurs.

    如果从 BMR 保护更改为系统状态保护,则受保护计算机上需有空间。If you change from BMR protection to system state protection, then you need space on the protected computer. 之所以需要空间,是因为系统状态保护首先将副本写入本地计算机,然后将副本传输到备份服务器计算机。You need the space because system state protection first writes the replica to the local computer, and then it transfers the replica to the Backup Server computer.

准备阶段Before you begin

  1. **** 部署 Azure 备份服务器。Deploy Azure Backup Server. 验证备份服务器是否已正确部署。Verify that Backup Server is correctly deployed. 有关详细信息,请参阅:For more information, see:

  2. **** 设置存储。Set up storage. 可以将备份数据存储在磁盘、磁带以及 Azure 云中。You can store backup data on disk, on tape, and in the cloud with Azure. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Prepare data storage(准备数据存储)。For more information, see Prepare data storage.

  3. **** 设置保护代理。Set up the protection agent. 在要备份的计算机上安装保护代理。Install the protection agent on the computer that you want to back up. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Deploy the DPM protection agent(部署 DPM 保护代理)。For more information, see Deploy the DPM protection agent.

备份系统状态和裸机Back up system state and bare metal

若要备份系统状态和裸机:To back up system state and bare metal:

  1. 若要在备份服务器管理员控制台中打开“新建保护组向导”,请选择“保护”**** > “操作”**** > ****“创建保护组”。To open the Create New Protection Group Wizard, in the Backup Server Administrator Console, select Protection > Actions > Create Protection Group.

  2. 在“选择保护组类型”页上选择“服务器”,然后选择“下一步”。**** **** ****On the Select Protection Group Type page, select Servers, and then select Next.

  3. 在“选择组成员”页上展开计算机,然后选择“BMR”或“系统状态”。**** **** ****On the Select Group Members page, expand the computer, and then select either BMR or system state.

    请记住,不能在不同组中对同一计算机实施 BMR 和系统状态保护。Remember that you can't protect both BMR and system state for the same computer in different groups. 此外,在选择 BMR 时,会自动启用系统状态。Also, when you select BMR, system state is automatically enabled. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Deploy protection groups(部署保护组)。For more information, see Deploy protection groups.

  4. 在“选择数据保护方法”页上,选择要如何处理短期和长期备份。****On the Select Data Protection Method page, choose how to handle short-term backup and long-term backup.

    短期备份始终先备份到磁盘,然后可以选择通过 Azure 备份从磁盘备份到 Azure(短期或长期)。Short-term backup is always to disk first, with the option of backing up from the disk to Azure by using Azure Backup (short-term or long-term). 可以设置一种长期备份,备份到单独的磁带设备或连接到备份服务器的磁带库,替代长期备份到云。An alternative to long-term backup to the cloud is to set up long-term backup to a standalone tape device or tape library that's connected to Backup Server.

  5. 在“选择短期目标”页上,选择要如何备份到磁盘上的短期存储:****On the Select Short-Term Goals page, choose how to back up to short-term storage on disk:

    • 对于“保留期”,请选择要将数据保留在磁盘上多长时间。****For Retention range, choose how long to keep the data on disk.
    • 对于“同步频率”,请选择增量备份到磁盘的频率。****For Synchronization frequency, choose how often to run an incremental backup to disk. 如果不想设置备份间隔,可以选择“就在恢复点之前”。****If you don't want to set a backup interval, you can select Just before a recovery point. 备份服务器会刚好在计划每个恢复点之前运行快速的完整备份。Backup Server will run an express full backup just before each recovery point is scheduled.
  6. 若要将数据存储在磁带上进行长期存储,请在“指定长期目标”页上选择要保留磁带数据多长时间(1 到 99 年)。****If you want to store data on tape for long-term storage, then on the Specify Long-Term Goals page, choose how long to keep tape data (1 to 99 years).

    1. 对于“备份频率”,请选择备份到磁带的频率。****For Frequency of backup, choose how often to run backup to tape. 频率取决于所选的保留期:The frequency is based on the retention range you selected:

      • 如果保留期为 1 到 99 年,则可以每日、每周、每两周、每月、每季、每半年或每年备份一次。When the retention range is 1 to 99 years, you can back up daily, weekly, biweekly, monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, or yearly.
      • 如果保留期为 1 到 11 月,则可以每日、每周、每两周或每月备份一次。When the retention range is 1 to 11 months, you can back up daily, weekly, biweekly, or monthly.
      • 如果保留期为 1 到 4 周,则可以每日或每周备份一次。When the retention range is 1 to 4 weeks, you can back up daily or weekly.
    2. 在“选择磁带和库详细信息”页上,选择要使用的磁带和库。****On the Select Tape and Library Details page, select the tape and library to use. 另外选择是否要压缩并加密数据。Also choose whether data should be compressed and encrypted.

  7. 在“查看磁盘分配”页上,查看保护组可用的存储池磁盘空间。****On the Review Disk Allocation page, review the storage pool disk space that's available for the protection group.

    • “数据总大小”**** 是要备份的数据的大小。Total Data size is the size of the data you want to back up.
    • “要在 Azure 备份服务器上预配的磁盘空间”**** 是备份服务器为保护组建议的空间。Disk space to be provisioned on Azure Backup Server is the space that Backup Server recommends for the protection group. 备份服务器使用这些设置来选择理想的备份卷。Backup Server uses these settings to choose the ideal backup volume. 你可以在“磁盘分配详细信息”中编辑备份卷选项。****You can edit the backup volume choices in Disk allocation details.
    • 对于工作负荷,请在下拉菜单中选择首选存储。For workloads, in the drop-down menu, select the preferred storage. 编辑时,更改的是“可用磁盘存储”**** 窗格中的“总存储”**** 和“可用存储”**** 值。Your edits change the values for Total Storage and Free Storage in the Available Disk Storage pane. “预配不足的空间”是指备份服务器建议你添加到卷的存储量,目的是确保顺利备份。Underprovisioned space is the amount of storage that Backup Server suggests that you add to the volume to ensure smooth backups.
  8. 在“选择副本创建方法”页上,选择要如何处理初始的完整数据复制。****On the Choose Replica Creation Method page, select how to handle the initial full-data replication.

    如果选择通过网络复制,则建议选择非高峰时间。If you choose to replicate over the network, we recommend that you choose an off-peak time. 如果数据量很大或者网络状况欠佳,请考虑使用可移动介质脱机复制数据。For large amounts of data or for network conditions that are less than optimal, consider replicating the data offline by using removable media.

  9. 在“选择一致性检查选项”页上,选择要如何自动执行一致性检查。****On the Choose Consistency Check Options page, select how to automate consistency checks.

    可以选择仅在副本数据变得不一致时运行检查,或者按计划运行检查。You can choose to run a check only when replica data becomes inconsistent, or on a schedule. 如果不想配置自动一致性检查,可以随时运行手动检查。If you don't want to configure automatic consistency checking, then you can run a manual check at any time. 若要运行手动检查,请在备份服务器管理员控制台的“保护”**** 区域中,右键单击保护组,然后选择“执行一致性检查”****。To run a manual check, in the Protection area of the Backup Server Administrator Console, right-click the protection group, and then select Perform Consistency Check.

  10. 如果选择使用 Azure 备份来备份到云,请在“指定联机保护数据”页上,选择要备份到 Azure 的工作负荷。****If you chose to back up to the cloud by using Azure Backup, on the Specify Online Protection Data page, select the workloads that you want to back up to Azure.

  11. 在“指定联机备份计划”页上,选择增量备份到 Azure 的频率。****On the Specify Online Backup Schedule page, select how often to incrementally back up to Azure.

    可将备份计划为每日、每周、每月和每年运行。You can schedule backups to run every day, week, month, and year. 还可以选择运行备份的时间和日期。You can also select the time and date at which backups should run. 备份一天最多可以进行两次。Backups can occur up to twice a day. 每次备份运行时,会通过备份服务器磁盘上存储的备份数据的副本在 Azure 中创建数据恢复点。Each time a backup runs, a data recovery point is created in Azure from the copy of the backup data that's stored on the Backup Server disk.

  12. 在“指定联机保留策略”页上,选择如何在 Azure 中保留通过每日、每周、每月和每年备份创建的恢复点。****On the Specify Online Retention Policy page, select how the recovery points that are created from the daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly backups are kept in Azure.

  13. 在“选择联机复制”**** 页上,选择如何进行数据的初始完整复制。On the Choose Online Replication page, select how the initial full replication of data occurs.

    可以通过网络复制,也可以脱机备份(脱机种子设定)。You can replicate over the network or back up offline (offline seeding). 脱机备份使用 Azure 导入功能。An offline backup uses the Azure Import feature. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Azure 备份中的脱机备份工作流For more information, see Offline backup workflow in Azure Backup.

  14. 在“摘要”页上,查看设置。On the Summary page, review your settings. 选择“创建组”**** 之后,就会进行数据的初始复制。After you select Create Group, initial replication of the data occurs. 数据复制完成后,“状态”页上的保护组状态为“正常”**** ****。When the data replication finishes, on the Status page, the protection group status is OK. 然后,会根据保护组设置进行备份。Backups then happen according to the protection group settings.

恢复系统状态或 BMRRecover system state or BMR

可以将 BMR 或系统状态恢复到网络位置。You can recover BMR or system state to a network location. 如果备份了 BMR,请使用 Windows 恢复环境 (WinRE) 启动系统并将其连接到网络。If you backed up BMR, then use Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE) to start your system and connect it to the network. 然后使用 Windows Server 备份从网络位置进行恢复。Then use Windows Server Backup to recover from the network location. 如果备份了系统状态,则只需使用 Windows Server 备份从网络位置进行恢复。If you backed up system state, then just use Windows Server Backup to recover from the network location.

还原 BMRRestore BMR

若要在备份服务器计算机上运行恢复:To run recovery on the Backup Server computer:

  1. 在“恢复”窗格中,找到要恢复的计算机。****In the Recovery pane, find the computer that you want to recover. 然后选择“裸机恢复”。****Then select Bare Metal Recovery.

  2. 可用恢复点在日历上以粗体进行指示。Available recovery points are indicated in bold on the calendar. 为要使用的恢复点选择日期和时间。Select the date and time for the recovery point that you want to use.

  3. 在“选择恢复类型”**** 页上,选择“复制到网络文件夹”****。On the Select Recovery Type page, select Copy to a network folder.

  4. 在“指定目标”页上,选择复制数据的目标****。On the Specify Destination page, select the destination for the copied data.

    请记住,该目标需要为数据提供足够的空间。Remember, the destination needs to have enough room for the data. 我们建议为目标创建一个新文件夹。We recommend that you create a new folder for the destination.

  5. 在“指定恢复选项”页上选择安全设置。****On the Specify Recovery Options page, select the security settings. 然后,选择是否要使用基于存储区域网络 (SAN) 的硬件快照来加快恢复速度。Then select whether to use storage area network (SAN)-based hardware snapshots, for quicker recovery. 使用此选项的前提是:This option is available only if:

    • 有一个可提供此功能的 SAN。You have a SAN that provides this functionality.
    • 可以创建和拆分某个克隆,使其可写。You can create and split a clone to make it writable.
    • 受保护计算机和备份服务器计算机已连接到同一网络。The protected computer and Backup Server computer are connected to the same network.
  6. 设置通知选项。Set up notification options.

  7. 在“确认”**** 页上,选择“恢复”****。On the Confirmation page, select Recover.

若要设置共享位置:To set up the share location:

  1. 在还原位置中,转到包含备份的文件夹。In the restore location, go to the folder that has the backup.

  2. 共享比 WindowsImageBackup 高一个级别的文件夹,使共享文件夹的根为 WindowsImageBackup 文件夹。Share the folder that's one level above WindowsImageBackup so that the root of the shared folder is the WindowsImageBackup folder.

    如果不共享此文件夹,还原过程将找不到备份。If you don't share this folder, restore won't find the backup. 若要使用 WinRE 进行连接,需要一个可以在 WinRE 中使用正确 IP 地址和凭据访问的共享。To connect by using WinRE, you need a share that you can access in WinRE with the correct IP address and credentials.

若要还原系统:To restore the system:

  1. 通过对要还原的系统使用 Windows DVD,启动需在其上还原映像的计算机。Start the computer on which you want to restore the image by using the Windows DVD for the system you're restoring.

  2. 在第一页上,验证语言设置和区域设置。On the first page, verify the settings for language and locale. 在“安装”**** 页上,选择“修复计算机”****。On the Install page, select Repair your computer.

  3. 在“系统恢复选项”**** 页上,选择“使用以前创建的系统映像还原计算机”****。On the System Recovery Options page, select Restore your computer using a system image that you created earlier.

  4. 在“选择系统镜像备份”**** 页上,选择“选择系统映像”**** > “高级”**** > “在网络上搜索系统映像”****。On the Select a system image backup page, select Select a system image > Advanced > Search for a system image on the network. 如果出现警告,请选择“是”****。If a warning appears, select Yes. 转到共享路径,输入凭据,然后选择恢复点。Go to the share path, enter the credentials, and then select the recovery point. 系统会扫描在该恢复点中可用的特定备份。The system scans for specific backups that are available in that recovery point. 选择要使用的恢复点。Select the recovery point that you want to use.

  5. 在“选择还原备份的方式”页上,选择“格式化并重新分区磁盘”**** ****。On the Choose how to restore the backup page, select Format and repartition disks. 在下一页上验证设置。On the next page, verify the settings.

  6. 若要开始还原,请选择“完成”****。To begin the restore, select Finish. 需要重启。A restart is required.

还原系统状态Restore system state

若要在备份服务器中运行恢复:To run recovery in Backup Server:

  1. 在“恢复”**** 窗格中,找到要恢复的计算机,然后选择“裸机恢复”****。In the Recovery pane, find the computer that you want to recover, and then select Bare Metal Recovery.

  2. 可用恢复点在日历上以粗体进行指示。Available recovery points are indicated in bold on the calendar. 为要使用的恢复点选择日期和时间。Select the date and time for the recovery point that you want to use.

  3. 在“选择恢复类型”页上,选择“复制到网络文件夹”**** ****。On the Select Recovery Type page, select Copy to a network folder.

  4. 在“指定目标”页上,选择要将数据复制到的位置****。On the Specify Destination page, select where to copy the data.

    请记住,所选的目标需要为数据提供足够的空间。Remember, the destination you select needs to have enough room for the data. 我们建议为目标创建一个新文件夹。We recommend that you create a new folder for the destination.

  5. 在“指定恢复选项”页上选择安全设置。****On the Specify Recovery Options page, select the security settings. 然后,选择是否要使用基于 SAN 的硬件快照来加快恢复速度。Then select whether to use SAN-based hardware snapshots, for quicker recovery. 使用此选项的前提是:This option is available only if:

    • 有一个可提供此功能的 SAN。You have a SAN that provides this functionality.
    • 可以创建和拆分某个克隆,使其可写。You can create and split a clone to make it writable.
    • 受保护计算机和备份服务器已连接到同一网络。The protected computer and Backup Server server are connected to the same network.
  6. 设置通知选项。Set up notification options.

  7. 在“确认”**** 页上,选择“恢复”****。On the Confirmation page, select Recover.

若要运行 Windows Server 备份:To run Windows Server Backup:

  1. 选择“操作”**** > “恢复”**** > “此服务器”**** > “下一步”****。Select Actions > Recover > This Server > Next.

  2. 依次选择“另一台服务器”****、“指定位置类型”**** 页、“远程共享文件夹”****。Select Another Server, select the Specify Location Type page, and then select Remote shared folder. 输入包含恢复点的文件夹的路径。Enter the path to the folder that contains the recovery point.

  3. 在“选择恢复类型”**** 页上,选择“系统状态”****。On the Select Recovery Type page, select System state.

  4. 在“选择系统状态恢复的位置”**** 页上,选择“原始位置”****。On the Select Location for System State Recovery page, select Original Location.

  5. 在“确认”**** 页上,选择“恢复”****。On the Confirmation page, select Recover.

  6. 还原之后,重启服务器。After the restore, restart the server.

还可以在命令提示符下运行系统状态还原:You also can run the system state restore at a command prompt:

  1. 在要恢复的计算机上启动 Windows Server 备份。Start Windows Server Backup on the computer that you want to recover.

  2. 若要获取版本标识符,请在命令提示符下输入:To get the version identifer, at a command prompt, enter:

    wbadmin get versions -backuptarget \<servername\sharename\>

  3. 使用版本标识符启动系统状态还原。Use the version identifier to start the system state restore. 在命令提示符处,输入:At the command prompt, enter:

    wbadmin start systemstaterecovery -version:<versionidentified> -backuptarget:<servername\sharename>

  4. 确认要开始恢复。Confirm that you want to start the recovery. 可以在命令提示符窗口中查看过程。You can see the process in the Command Prompt window. 将会创建还原日志。A restore log is created.

  5. 还原之后,重启服务器。After the restore, restart the server.