# WHERE 子句WHERE clause

## 语法Syntax

``````WHERE boolean_expression
``````

## 参数Parameters

• boolean_expressionboolean_expression

计算得出 `Boolean` 结果类型的任何表达式。Any expression that evaluates to a result type `Boolean`. 可使用逻辑运算符（`AND``OR`）将两个或多个表达式组合在一起。You can combine two or more expressions using the logical operators ( `AND`, `OR` ).

## 示例Examples

``````CREATE TABLE person (id INT, name STRING, age INT);
INSERT INTO person VALUES
(100, 'John', 30),
(200, 'Mary', NULL),
(300, 'Mike', 80),
(400, 'Dan',  50);

-- Comparison operator in `WHERE` clause.
SELECT * FROM person WHERE id > 200 ORDER BY id;
+---+----+---+
| id|name|age|
+---+----+---+
|300|Mike| 80|
|400| Dan| 50|
+---+----+---+

-- Comparison and logical operators in `WHERE` clause.
SELECT * FROM person WHERE id = 200 OR id = 300 ORDER BY id;
+---+----+----+
| id|name| age|
+---+----+----+
|200|Mary|null|
|300|Mike|  80|
+---+----+----+

-- IS NULL expression in `WHERE` clause.
SELECT * FROM person WHERE id > 300 OR age IS NULL ORDER BY id;
+---+----+----+
| id|name| age|
+---+----+----+
|200|Mary|null|
|400| Dan|  50|
+---+----+----+

-- Function expression in `WHERE` clause.
SELECT * FROM person WHERE length(name) > 3 ORDER BY id;
+---+----+----+
| id|name| age|
+---+----+----+
|100|John|  30|
|200|Mary|null|
|300|Mike|  80|
+---+----+----+

-- `BETWEEN` expression in `WHERE` clause.
SELECT * FROM person WHERE id BETWEEN 200 AND 300 ORDER BY id;
+---+----+----+
| id|name| age|
+---+----+----+
|200|Mary|null|
|300|Mike|  80|
+---+----+----+

-- Scalar Subquery in `WHERE` clause.
SELECT * FROM person WHERE age > (SELECT avg(age) FROM person);
+---+----+---+
| id|name|age|
+---+----+---+
|300|Mike| 80|
+---+----+---+

-- Correlated Subquery in `WHERE` clause.
SELECT * FROM person AS parent
WHERE EXISTS (
SELECT 1 FROM person AS child
WHERE parent.id = child.id AND child.age IS NULL
);
+---+----+----+
|id |name|age |
+---+----+----+
|200|Mary|null|
+---+----+----+
``````